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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

> 미국소설학회 > 미국소설 > 19권 3호

부적응에 대한 옹호: 진화 심리학으로 읽는 미국 흑인 문학

Defense of Maladaptation: Reading American Black Literature through Evolutionary Psychology

김애주 ( Ae Ju Kim )

- 발행기관 : 미국소설학회

- 발행년도 : 2012

- 간행물 : 미국소설, 19권 3호

- 페이지 : pp.5-30 ( 총 26 페이지 )


학술발표대회집, 워크숍 자료집 중 1,2 페이지 논문은 ‘요약’만 제공되는 경우가 있으니,

구매 전에 간행물명, 페이지 수 확인 부탁 드립니다.

6,600
논문제목
초록(외국어)
Evolutionary psychology is rooted in Darwin`s evolutionary biology. It attempts to explain human beings` psychological traits in terms of Darwinian mechanisms that "lead back through unbroken casual sequences to the elementary biological drives toward survival and reproduction" (Carroll viii). Literary Darwinism grounded in evolutionary psychology brings literature within the category of cognitive and behavioral features susceptible to an adaptationist understanding and seeks innate patterns of human behavior system: survival, technology, parenting, mating, kin relation, social relation, and cognition. The methodology of literary Darwinism is, Joseph Carroll suggests, to connect the highest levels in the organization of human nature with the most detailed and subtle aspects of literary meaning. In other words, it is to connect the basic life history goals such as survival, growth, and reproduction with the finest nuances of theme, tone, and style in the organization of literary meaning in specific works (Carroll 189). This paper aims to read Toni Morrison`s first novel The Bluest Eye through evolutionary psychology and then to give an explanation of black characters` maladaptation in terms of Darwinian literary criticism. The Bluest Eye is the novel through which a tension between the affirmation of the primary need to parent and mate and the recognition of cognitive behavioral system is at work. Human nature motivated as parenting and mating in The Bluest Eye is harshly distorted, which shows the way in which the false cognitive behavior system matters. Maladaptation of Pecola can be explained as a case that calls upon audience to recoil from maladaptive acts by invoking that this is not how humans behave. This kind of reading is an ultimate explanation of literature while sociopolitical and identity-based reading is a proximal one. At the risk of oversimplified reductionism, the former is expected to supplement the latter with a new and scientific interpretation of human behavior and motives in literature.

논문정보
  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 발행기관 : 미국소설학회
  • - 간행물 : 미국소설, 19권 3호
  • - 발행년도 : 2012
  • - 페이지 : pp.5-30 ( 총 26 페이지 )
  • - UCI(KEPA) : I410-ECN-0102-2013-840-001985592
저널정보
  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기 : 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 수록범위 : 1994–2022
  • - 수록 논문수 : 519