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> 한국비교문학회 > 비교문학 > 60권 0호

월트 휘트먼과 토머스 에이킨스의 사진적 사실주의

Photographic Realism in the Works of Walt Whitman and Thomas Eakins

심진호 ( Jin Ho Shim )

- 발행기관 : 한국비교문학회

- 발행년도 : 2013

- 간행물 : 비교문학, 60권 0호

- 페이지 : pp.149-182 ( 총 34 페이지 )


학술발표대회집, 워크숍 자료집 중 1,2 페이지 논문은 ‘요약’만 제공되는 경우가 있으니,

구매 전에 간행물명, 페이지 수 확인 부탁 드립니다.

7,400
논문제목
초록(외국어)
As his statement “In these Leaves, everything is literally photographed” indicates, Walt Whitman (1819-1892) consistently desires to represent his poetry like photography. Learning the power of photography from his contemporary American photographers, Whitman could visualize his poetry like a series of photographs. Whitman shares remarkable artistic similarities with Thomas Eakins (1844-1916) who has been regarded as one of the most representative realist painters in the history of American art. Whitman realizes that Eakins`s paintings are closely related to photography involving “mechanical”, “honest”, and “realistic” elements. Particularly, Whitman visualizes his poetry by using his characteristic catalogue technique which strongly evokes a series of snapshots of various things, people and places. In Eakins`s paintings such as The Gross Clinic and Walt Whitman, Whitman sharply captures the “realities and science” images that only photography provides. Eakins was in many ways akin to Whitman. The two artists celebrated in their art a commitment to the naked body, science, and the physical and mental benefits associated with vigorous outdoor activities. Significantly, Eakins`s The Swimming Hole in 1885 can be regarded as a pictorial equivalent of Whitman`s poems such as “Song of Myself” and “I Sing the Body Electric” reflecting the celebration of the naked male bodies. Based on a series of photographs at the same site, the painting suggests the two artists` mutual preoccupation with the naked male body through their peering eyes like a camera. Rebelling against the genteel tradition of the Victorian Age, Whitman shares the same iconoclastic perspective with Eakins for their stark and uncompromising depictions of the naked male bodies. Above all, the “photographic fantasy” in the painting and the poems suggests the visual tactility. Undoubtedly, The Swimming Hole is the essence of Eakins`s aesthetics which regards the naked male body as “the most beautiful thing” in the world in the same way that Whitman compares the “strong sweet quality” of the male body with “the best poem”. Whitman has become an eternal muse in Eakins`s imagination even after the poet died in 1892. The remarkable artistic similarities between the two artists are ultimately found in Eakins`s Between Rounds in 1899. In the painting, Eakins exquisitely revives Whitman as a spectator who gazes at a half-naked boxer. It becomes evident that the photographic images, which Whitman and Eakins represent, are far ahead of their time and suggest the new realistic expression. Transcending the bounds of ages and media, photography plays an essential role for constructing Whitman and Eakins`s pursuit of a new aesthetics, namely, American realism.

논문정보
  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 기타제어문
  • - 발행기관 : 한국비교문학회
  • - 간행물 : 비교문학, 60권 0호
  • - 발행년도 : 2013
  • - 페이지 : pp.149-182 ( 총 34 페이지 )
  • - UCI(KEPA) : I410-ECN-0102-2014-800-001519872
저널정보
  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 기타제어문
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기 : 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1225-0910
  • - 수록범위 : 1977–2021
  • - 수록 논문수 : 1053