Zhong Yi Xuan Tu, a full length court drama written during the QingDynasty, has been considered as an indistinctive literary work with themajority of its contents simply adopted from The Water Magin, or ShuihuZhuan, a classical novel. However, the work should rather be analyzedas a drama than as a novel since it was developed to serve the purposeof a play to be put on a massive -story stage inside the court. Thepurpose of this paper is to clarify that Zhong Yi Xuan Tu is not a mereadoption of the novel but a work that was greatly influenced by dramason many levels and to identify its characteristics as a court drama bycomparing it to Chungqi, a biography written during the Ming and QingDynasties based on The Margin Story. In addition, among four court dramas written during the QianlongEmperor’s Reign, ZhongYiXuanTu has been relatively undervaluedcompared to the others in terms of contents. Probably suchunderestimation stems from the hasty judgment that its contents areinappropriate to be performed at the court as the story involvesplunderers. However, this traditional story came to be com piled into adrama with an ending of all plunderers surrendering to the court largelybecause it wa s such a gripping story that had long been wildly known tothe public and the story also involved ``0 heroes with unique characters. Above all, the fact that appearance of ``0 heroes is possible by utilizingthe massive -story stage must have been considered in the process ofcompiling the drama. Thus, it is necessary not only to analyze thecontents of Zhong Yi Xuan Tu in the context of traditional literaturewhich adopted The Margin Story but also to identify its characteristicsas a court drama, a unique kind of performing arts. Starting from suchperspective, this paper examines the position Zhong Yi Xuan Tu, whichhas been widely depreciated compared to the other court dramas writtenduring the same period, holds as a court drama.