The incidence of Adenovirus(AV) pneumonia in children is estimated as 8%. Long-term complications reported with type 7 include hyperleucent lung syndrome, bronchiolitis obliterans and may require several months to recover. We reviewed 8 case of AV pneumonia confirmed by AV culture and sero-diagnosis among selected 19 AV pneumonia suspicious cases who were admitted to the Sanggye Paik Hospital of Inje University due to clinical pneumonia from May to July 1996. From 19 children, nasal aspirates or trachial aspirates were collected: viral agents were detected by virus isolation and virus antigen was detected by indirect immunofluorescent staining. Serologic diagnosis for type-specific AV antibody was done by neutralization test. The results are as follows : 1) Age of the patients ranged from 6 months to 47 months with a mean of 24±9 months. 6 were male and 2 were female(M:F= 3:1). 2) Monthly distribution showed 4 cases on June, 2 cases on May and July, respectively. 3) The mean duration of admission was 20.4 days and mean duration of fever was 11.3 days 4) Peripheral leukocyte counts were elevated in 4 cases(50%) and findings of shift to left were showed in 4 cases(50%) and serum aminotransferase activities were elevated in 6 cases(75%). 5) Radiologic findings include linear and streaky infiltration(1/8 cases), patchy and lobar consolidation (7/8 cases), pleural effusion(2/8 cases) and hyperleucency was seen in 3/8 cases at time of admission and increased to 6/8 cases on hospital discharge. 6) The AV serotypes were type 7, type 3, and type 1. 7) Oxygen supply was done in 4 cases(50%) and all 8 patients include 2 cases of type 7 treated with artificial ventilator were survived. In conclusion, the serotypes of AV pneumonia outbreaks in early summer of 1996 were type 7, 3, 1 and, as showed severe clinical course, continued follow up surveillance is necessary to the long term pulmonary complications.