The narratives by the returnees of Japan have been produced in many ways immediately after the defeat of war. The narratives by the returnees mainly include the official documents, biography, experience records and literature at the time of defeat. Such narratives by the returnees tried to largely describe the value as a historical record from wider perspectives and the meaning as a record of personal life from narrower perspectives. However, if they are consumed by the readers like literature and go through the reproduction process beyond the level of historical records or self satisfaction, the matters of `the Japanese people` and `the war` should not be lightly treated. This is because the aspects to express themselves as the Japanese people who lived in the colonized country have significant influences on how the current Japanese people understand the war and the colonial period. Therefore, this research reviewed the existence aspect of the children`s literature describing the defeat of the war by the those who had their childhood in Joseon in the colonial period and returned to Japan after the defeat of war through The Rail of stars by Kobayashi Chitose, which has failed to be focused as a research subject.