In `Hina`, Otsutu and Eikichi are given identity as the successor of Japanese traditional beauty. However Eikich suppresses and denies his identity and follows the teachings of modern western pragmatism, living a poor life seeking power and wealth. In the end he is mentally bankrupt. Otsuru, on the other hand, follows her own identity regardless of pragmatism. So she inherits the aesthetic tradition of Japan and lives as an aesthetic subject that creates new beauty of modern Japan. Through this Akutagawa criticizes modern pragmatism which negates the value of Japanese aesthetic tradition and drives Japanese to selfish competition, ruining Japanese life. And Akutagawa claims to live as an aesthetic subject that creates Japanese modern beauty with the Japanese aesthetic sensibility as a life that realizes true value and happiness.