This paper focused on the curse-stories based on rumors in Korean Cheonyerok and Japanese Saikaku Shokoku Banashi written around 18th century to clarify the recognition and the imagination on social problems. Thus we could find three points of view about the curse-stories. First of all, the alertness of irreverent attitude and ignorance on human beings were described in Cheonyerok. And human beings` lust, desire, jealousy were described in Saikaku Shokoku Banashi. This difference between Cheonyerok and Saikaku Shokoku Banashi meant the Joseon society and people had interests in metaphysical problems but the Japanese society and people did in temporal problems. Second of all, both Cheonyerok and Saikaku Shokoku Banashi described the distinct recognition on human beings from animals and plants. But Cheonyerok showed the radical alertness about killing animals but Saikaku Shokoku Banashi didn`t. Because the writter Ihara Saikaku had different point of view from Korean writer Im Bang, and he had interests on human beings not on animals and plants so much. Finally, the curse-stories in Cheonyerok encouraged to do consolation-ceremony Jesa for the national greatness, because Cheonyerok was written after the war. Then the Saikaku Shokoku Banashi described the ghosts and monsters funny, because the Japanese didn`t think them awfully in those days.