This study is to investigate collocation with front verb using balanced corpus (BCCWJ) to clarify auxiliary verb usage and to help understanding of Japanese giving-and-receiving verbs. Using two different statistical indicators, I created a characteristic colocation of the giving-and-receiving verbs and a vocabulary list of the general collocation, respectively.
As a result of investigating the three kinds of giving-and-receiving verbs and verbs co - occurring in the forward direction, it was confirmed that there was a difference in the properties of the auxiliary verb usage of each transfer expression. As a verb collocation that is characteristic of the giving-and-receiving verb, -te kureru can be said to most clearly express the speaker`s “desirability” feature. Also, -te morau tends to be used in conjunction with verbs that act against opponents in a direction favorable to the speaker. On the other hand, I can say that you prefer to use a verb that encourages the speaker to become a “preferred” situation for the opponent, contrary to -te morau as -te kureru. Next, in the general-purpose verb collocation, the top 30 verbs to be used in conjunction with -te ageru,-te moru and -te kureru were the basic verbs presented at the elementary level in Japanese learning.
-te morau related to utterances such as “see見る”, “write書く”, “know知る” and the like, while -te kureru is a verb such as “explain說明する” “say言う” “answer答える” there were.
From this, Japanese language grammar expresses the direction of the benefit centering on the speaker, and the behavior seen from the speaker by the co-occurrence use of the front verb, the action, the subjective subject of the speaker to the listener and the receiver it turned out to show the relationship. In addition, in Japanese language education, together with the traditional “Who to whom” direction of giving and receiving benefits, along with education of beneficiary orientation, we used both the frequently used vocabulary list summarized in this research and the characteristic vocabulary list, It is thought that learning effect will increase by teaching.