In this study, compliment, which is one of various language behaviors, in Korean first-time conversation and Japanese first-time conversation was investigated focusing on sex difference factor.
The results are briefly summarized as follows. First, for the frequency of compliment, the frequency of compliment in Japanese conversation was higher than that in Korean conversations, and in both Korean and Japanese, the frequency of compliment in conversations between female students was higher than that in conversations between male students. For subjects of compliment, the proportions of personality, related matter, appearance and skills were similarly high in Korean conversations. Particularly, the proportions of appearance and skills were relatively high in conversations between male students, and the proportion of personality was relatively high in conversations between female students. On the other hand, in Japanese conversations, the proportions of related matter and skills were relatively high irrespective of sex. For the response to compliment, the proportions of negation and avoidance were high in Korean conversations, whereas the proportion of denial was overwhelmingly high in Japanese conversations. For the response to compliments by subjects, the proportion of positive response was relatively high when the subject of compliment was related matter in both Korean and Japanese. Furthermore, in addition to related matter, in case of the subject of compliment being skills in conversations between Korean male college students, in the case of the subject of compliment being personality in conversations between Korean female college students, and in the case of the subject of compliment being possession in conversations between Japanese female college students, the percentage of positive response was relatively high.