Objectives: The price of tobacco is an important factor affecting the smoking behavior. The Korean government raised the price of tobacco by 80% from 2,500 won to 4,500 won in 2015. This study investigated the change of smoking behavior after the price raise of tobacco in hypertension patients. Methods: The analysis used the data from the third year of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015), which examined the changes in smoking habits after cigarette price hikes. Of the adults aged 19 years and older, 958 were currently smokers and 79 of the former smokers who quit smoking less than one year, excluding those who quit smoking before the cigarette price increase, total 1,037. In 193 hypertensive patients, 193 non-hypertensive patients were selected by 1:1 age group, and a total of 386 patients were analyzed. Data were analyzed using SAS 9.3 statistical program and chi-square and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: The smoking reduction rate was 46.6% in the hypertensive group and 44.6% in the non-hypertensive group. There was no significant difference between the two groups (p=0.683). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that factors affecting smoking cessation in hypertensive group were stress level, smoking prevention and smoking cessation education. In the hypertensive group, the odds ratio was 3.16 (95% CI, 1.39-7.18) in the normal range, If you receive less than the no-smoking education, the statistical significance is 4.17 (95% CI, 1.15-15.12). Conclusions: In the future, there will be a variety of measures such as the government’s continuous cigarette price increase policy, active support for stress management in hypertensive patients, and the introduction of practical policies through socio-economic approaches would be effective in reducing smoking rates in hypertensive patients.