Since the middle Edo period, the urban culture of Japan has developed around Kyoto, Osaka, and Edo. The distribution and market economy have flourished. The intellectual class with cultural literacy grew rapidly and became active in the fields of scholarship, literature, arts. This paper will call the cultural intellectuals who led this popular culture as literary people. This study is to examine new literary people who produced and distributed various popular cultures according to the development of urban culture in the premodern period of Japan. The characteristics and significance of the literary lists that recorded the literary figures that began to be published as they grew into the central forces of cities and cultures were discussed.
The study on the meaning of literary people, a new cultural knowledge class, can grasp the class that produced Japanese urban culture and popular culture in the middle and late Edo period. Also, through the list of literary figures who recorded them, we can see what occupation and position the central class of society and culture at that time had specifically. These literary people start to form a group of intellectuals, not individuals, by creating an intellectual community. In this paper, I paid attention to the new cultural knowledge class, the literary people and their records. Especially, the characteristics of the new cultural knowledge class and the literary list appeared in the premodern period were revealed centering on the literary list published in the big city.