Learners involved in the teaching of Chinese in Singapore fall into two groups in terms of their linguistic and cultural backgrounds: students from Chinese-speaking families and students from English-speaking families. With respect to the former group of learners, Chinese teaching should introduce semantic culture rather than structural culture and pragmatic culture. On the other hand, Chinese is a second language for learners from the latter group. It is, therefore, necessary to list out the cultural content needed by these students on the basis of their background knowledge of Chinese culture and the relevant findings in China’s research on teaching Chinese as a second language. The incorporation of cultural content into the teaching of Chinese for both groups of leaner has the following objectives: 1) to increase identity recognition of Chinese Singaporeans, 2) to enhance the racial unity in Singapore, 3) to establish positive attitude to life and 4) to develop benevolence and good taste.