The purpose of this article is to explore anthropomorphism in the Korean modern ecological poetry. My intention, then, is to offer a new methodological framework for analyzing the full range of the Korean modern ecological poetry. So far, very little has been done in this direction. As has been noted by virtually most of the commentators, anthropomorphism has been widely criticized as anthropocentric anthropomorphism which has reflected the views of human beings on non-human beings.
Nevertheless, the consideration of anthropomorphism as ecologically useful rhetoric is helpful to listen to non-human beings' Voice and Pain. I think that ecological use of anthropomorphism is helpful to be able to feel harmonious sense with Nature and change anthropocentric consciousness to eco-consciousness.
I tentatively conclude that ecological poetry has three types of anthropomorphism. The first, non-human beings obtain itself voice and become the main agent on discourse. The second, both non-human beings and human beings become the main agent on discourse. Harmonious sense is achieved through ecological use of anthropomorphism. Human beings realize that non-human beings have the inherent value like human beings. The last, non-human beings has been feminized as the image that involves mainly motherhood or is thought suitable for or typical of women. There are, however, a number of problems that remain to be explored from an aesthetic point of view.
Certainly, the present paper was limited in scope. A further direction of this study will be to provide more evidence for this result.