This thesis looked at Na Hee-deok’s poetic world from a perspective of ecofeminism. Basically, poems of Na Hee-deok are feminine poetry which is aware of contradiction of patriarchy. Also, her poetic world forms an inseparable relation with ecofeminism in that it follows the logic of body based on various senses while using specific experiences in nature as the motif in her poems.
To begin with, her poetic world finds that life of human beings is composed of pains in essence. And those pains are working under the influence of patriarchy which is a firm, realistic base. In the first chapter of the body, a poetic narrator advances toward the level of affirming the pains and having an affinity for them while admitting the fact that pains are a vehicle of being aware of the world. In addition, while she undergoes a process of narrowing the distance from the pains, they become daily companions, forming part of life and self.
However, the suffering and symptoms which pains trigger for the subject do not just go away only because the narrator forms partnership relations with the pains. Chapter 3 shows how the narrator deals with pains and heal them. When the pains come from the reality of society, the narrator’s response to them takes on the aspect of not confronting them directly, yet not giving up or getting indifferent to those pains. And this attitude presents itself as extreme perseverance close to the character of plants which waits in silence until things turn around. On the other hand, when the pains result from existential problems of an individual, the narrator embraces the situation entirely and at the same time she heals herself. Even traditional perseverant femininity is sensed in the narrator who constantly endures the pains until they heal up while sticking it out through the self-healing time. Also, the narrator, who has succeeded in self-healing, at last obtains the power to embrace and heal others and help the growth of them. And in this situation the narrator willingly dedicates herself to self-realization of others.
The following Chapter 4 shows that the next move of the narrator, who has healed herself and brought up others, unites with other objects in nature and then becomes the third being. This ecological unity occurs between a natural object and another natural object or between a natural object and a human being. Involving fantastic tendency, the unity of self and others is invested with cosmic mystery and full of vitality. It is marvelous to see two different beings that already have been healed create a synergy effect and belong to each other. Those in the state of creation beyond the unity enjoy the original cosmic harmony and at the same time present themselves as transcendentalia with creativity and the ability of completing a well-rounded person.