This paper has an intention to explain Lee, Kwang - Su’s nationalism by search of correspondence the meaning of occidental concept and Lee, Kwang - Su’s. As things turns out, it was identified that Korea’s literary ideology was neither false nor antinomy and Lee's nationalism for literary consciousness was not artificial device.
Cultural nationalism was ideological paradigm that had been dominated Europe, through the first half of the 19th century and it was entangled with liberalism and romantism. Those ideologies are common in the point of beginning to grow revolutional periods. If a race might be exalted cultural nationalism in the time of prize same language and tradition, the national consciousness that Lee desired in the early ultimately jointed in the cultural nationalism though it has a heterogeneous side. Because in the theory of 'JEONG(compassion)', ‘utilitarianism’ and 'SANG(normality) Lee, Kwang - Su was consistently maintained the proposition that asserts to establish new nation by language, race and literature.
In advance Lee, Kwang - Su emphasized preparedness and racial remodeling by national sheme for national independence or restoration. For Lee, Kwang - Su it means diversion from cultural nationalism to political nationalism. However political nationalism didn't reveal definitely in his works and critical essays. Repeatedly sayings it means that he was not politician. We can know that his political nationalism in his several article far 1920’s was mixed cultural conception. Therefore he was condemned not to intense for actual consciousness and prearranged national betrayal.
The generative state of nationalism can be conceptualized cultural and political nationalism, already examined in second chapters. So that, the conclusion of this paper is what should be accepted Lee, Kwang - Su’s critical view as cultural nationalism. 'What should be accepted means that Lee, Kwang - Su’s cultural nationalism obtains an appointment in not Lee, Kwang - Su’s personal will hut periodical significance.