The modern times or modernity revealed in his literature, particularly Lee Sangs novels, is the substance expressed by or embodied by the body. Experiencing modern times and modernity through the body means that his novels reveal the essence of modern times and modernity. Its because the body shows all the phenomenon and essence, the cognition and practice, the consciousness and unconsciousness, the process and reality of modern times. For this reason, this study explores the modern times and modernity that his novels reveal by paying special attention to the experience in the body.
The frustration of desire for extending modern times and modernity by the movement of a place meets new variations. It is the body with the fate of going forward death that proves an incentive to it. The death of the body means the failure m the modern project promoted by Lee Sang. Due to this fear of failure, the writer carries out so-called self-death that separates the body from his body. This self-death maximizes the dual existence of the world which is at once existent and absent or at once absent and existent, and even disjoints the existing imperfect modern limes and modernity. The ultimate object of disjointing imperfect modern times and modernity that the writer desired to reach is the modernity found in the recovery and harmony or integration of the body.
A series of these facts that Lee Sang shows through his novels can be viewed, as both a drama of the body and that of modernity in itself. He explored the universal aspects of modern generals as well as the special aspects of our modern times or modernity, through a way of speaking and thinking with the body. We cannot say too much that his exploration on modern times and modernity was based on the body. If it may be said to be true modernity to re-create the self or the subject that was regnant as a source of self-evidence in the thought of the body and re-form the understanding of our existence, he is a modernist in its real meaning. It would not be a sound appreciation of Lee Sangs novels and literature that some treat him as if he were a schizophreniac by emphasizing an aspect of the dissociation of consciousness, or others regard him as a tragic hero who wandered about the surface of a pale mind and finally passed away without getting out of languor and doubt or as a prosaic stylist who tried to escape to the abstract and geometric world.
Many of critics make comment that Lee Sangs literature lacks the social consciousness, they dont doubt its authenticity. Its because he embodies speaking with the body. It can be said that the true modernist or modernity is none other than Lee Sang himself and his novels. Our society is in modern ages, and though it switches over to postmodern ages the problems of the body and modernity Lee Sang showed us would exist as an important basis for understanding the world. In this sense, the problems of the body and modernity revealed by his novels will be a certain standard in discussing modem ages and modernity, and further, postmodern ages and postmodernity that our literature as well as his poetry and essays reveals.