In the modern Japanese era, as the publishing industry developed and many books were distributed, the number of people who enjoyed reading increased exponentially. Accordingly, the writing activities of literary people began to broaden in spectrum, as both intellectual and academic exchanges amongst them kept on expanding and developing actively.
In addition to his works, Kyokutei Bakin, who was active in the 19th century, left a variety of documents such as diaries, epistles, and essays. Although most of Bakin's documents are from the latter half of his life, these documents are of great value in that he can grasp the relationship and thoughts of his companionship and the events and incidents surrounding him.
Among them, the epistle has an important meaning in examining the exchange situation between literary people as it is centered around the contents of questions and answers and in regards with Bakin exchanged with nearby literary people. The study of Bakin's epistle can be divided into human exchanges with literary people he exchanged and intellectual exchanges centered on sharing and criticizing the contents of his work. As such, it is possible to grasp a part of the exchange pattern of Japanese literary people in the late modern era through a close analysis and review work.