This study re-examined the life of Japanese Haiku poet Matsuo Basho (1644-1694) by focusing on spatial consciousness as a driving force for the creation of literary communication and exchange. To this end, he focused on his hometown, seclusion, and travel, and his hometown, Iga, was the home of his birth and the last travel destination for his poetry and his life. The hometown, which was the driving force of the poet's life, was a place of longing, and even though he completed his own literary world through seclusion and travel, his hometown was always a place to return to for Basho. The repetition of seclusion and travel in Fukagawa was a time trip in which the ancient ancestors recited the traditional land of the old poem and experienced the world of their poems in person. Basho's trip is a place where the traces of the good people he respects coexist, where he traveled through time and space.
Thus, if Basho's literary space was a place to return to as a driving force of literature in his hometown of Iga, the space of seclusion and travel was transformed into an empirical space, which was reborn as a traditional land of poetry and became Basho's literary space.