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> 이중언어학회 > 이중언어학 > 85권 0호

현대몽골어와 한국어 양 언어 학습자를 위한 명령문 대조 연구

A Comparative Study of Imperative Sentence for Modern Mongolian and Korean Language Learners

김기성 ( Kim Kisung )

- 발행기관 : 이중언어학회

- 발행년도 : 2021

- 간행물 : 이중언어학, 85권 0호

- 페이지 : pp.1-28 ( 총 28 페이지 )


학술발표대회집, 워크숍 자료집 중 1,2 페이지 논문은 ‘요약’만 제공되는 경우가 있으니,

구매 전에 간행물명, 페이지 수 확인 부탁 드립니다.

6,800
논문제목
초록(외국어)
In modern Mongolian, the imperative mood is conveyed through what are sometimes called imperative optative terminating suffixes which are formed by connecting various types of personal terminating suffixes to the predicate verb. In Korean, in contrast, the imperative mood is formed by connecting several different types of imperative terminating suffixes to predicate verbs, and each is determined according to the Korean hearer honorific system. Both languages thus employ similar methods in the imperative mood by using terminating suffixes at the end of predicate verbs. Commands and strongly directive imperative sentences normally use second person endings of “ø,” “-аарай⁴,” “-аач⁴,” and “-гтун².” The personal terminating suffix of a Mongolian imperative mood indicates the person first, second, or third through its personal terminating suffixes, thus expressing very clearly which person is to receive the command. This differs from the Korean in that a Korean imperative terminating suffix itself reveals a variety of possible social distances based on the Korean system of honorifics. Korean commonly omits the subject of the command, which is the second person listener, while Mongolian will more often mention the subject’s title. Korean imperatives can therefore be classified according to its system of honorifics contained within the imperative terminating suffixes, whereas Mongolian is relatively weak in this aspect. For this reason, Mongolian learners of Korean have difficulty in correctly understanding and gaining proficiency in imperative terminating suffixes at the varying honorific levels which reveal the relationship between the speaker and listener. As a solution to the problem, this study presents Mongolian imperative sentences that can be taught comparatively with Korean imperative sentences. (Dankook University)

논문정보
  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 발행기관 : 이중언어학회
  • - 간행물 : 이중언어학, 85권 0호
  • - 발행년도 : 2021
  • - 페이지 : pp.1-28 ( 총 28 페이지 )
  • - UCI(KEPA) : I410-ECN-0102-2022-700-000962206
저널정보
  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기 : 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-1757
  • - 수록범위 : 1983–2022
  • - 수록 논문수 : 1235