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보건환경연구직 공무원의 인사제도 개선방안

권용수 , 김혜영 , 김승언
6,000
초록보기
본 연구는 보건환경연구직 공무원에 대한 인적자원관리제도의 개선방안을 도출하기 위한 이론적 논의와 실증분석을 도모하였다. 특히, 본 연구는 보건환경직 공무원의 인식을 묻는 설문조사결과를 근거 로 하여 현행 직급체계(2계급체계: 연구관/연구사)의 운영상의 문제점을 살펴보고, 이와 관련한 인적 자원관리의 개선방안을 제시하였다. 본 연구의 결과에서는 보건환경연구직에 대한 인적자원관리가 권 위주의적이고 계층적인 계급구조로 인하여 우수한 과학기술인력의 능력발휘를 억제하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 현행 연구관/연구사의 2계급체계는 잠재력을 지닌 우수 과학기술인력을 하부계층이라는 틀 속에 묶어 놓고, 연구직의 창의력과 아이디어의 자유로운 제안 및 구현을 제약하는 요인으로 작용하는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 연구직 기술직의 계급제도를 개선하여 효율적이고 성과중심적인 인적자원관 리제도로 과감하게 전환함으로써, 자율성과 창의성 및 전문성을 가진 과학기술인력의 양성 활용이 가 능하도록 하는 여건을 조성할 필요가 있다. 또한, 학력, 자격, 경험, 업적 등이 유사한 연구관/연구사에 게 동등한 보상을 실시하여 직원 간 공정성을 부여함으로써 조직성과 제고를 위한 정상적 노력을 확보 할 필요가 있다. 끝으로, 의사결정에의 참여기회 부여, 자율적 문제해결권의 부여 등 임파워링 (empowering)을 통하여 자발적 업무성과를 제고할 수 있도록 해야 할 것이다.

화학사고 주변 지역 거주자의 보건환경 관리를 위한 건강위해성 평가 방법 개발에 관한 연구

박시현 ( Sihyun Park ) , 박세정 ( Sejung Park ) , 박태현 ( Taehyun Park ) , 윤단기 ( Danki Yoon ) , 정종현 ( Jonghyeon Jung ) , 강성규 ( Sungkyu Gang ) , 이동수 ( Dongsoo Lee ) , 서영록 ( Youngrok Seo ) , 안연순 ( Yeonsoon An ) , 이철민 ( Cheolmin Lee )
5,700
초록보기
Objectives: This research is part of a study to be conducted over five years starting from 2017 by the Ministry of Environment on the development of technologies to evaluate the impact of chemical accidents on the human body. Methods: For this research, a five-stage specific study method was developed. Results: In brief, the developed health risk assessment method can be summarized as follows. First, a health risk assessment system was built based on the guidelines set forth by the USA NRC/NAS. Second, based on the disease manifestation theory, the health risk assessment method was divided into 1) a carcinogenic health risk assessment method focused on all carcinogens except non-genotoxic carcinogens and 2) a non-carcinogenic health risk assessment method focused on noncarcinogens including non-genotoxic carcinogens. Third, the detailed contents of the health risk assessment method were developed in four stages (hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment, and risk determination) through theoretical consideration of the assessment of the level of health risk related to chemical exposure. Finally, a health risk assessment methodology, classified into stages to address acute, subacute/subchronic, and chronic conditions was developed after considering the physicochemical behavior of hazardous chemicals upon implementation of countermeasures after a chemical accident. Conclusions: A method to evaluate the health risks related to toxic chemicals generated by chemical accidents was developed. This study was performed with the purpose of developing a mathematical health risk assessment method to evaluate the health effects of exposure to hazardous chemicals upon implementation of emergency countermeasures after chemical accidents.

연구논문 : 보건환경연구원법의 현황 및 개정방안

이무식 ( Moo Sik Lee ) , 이석구 ( Seok Gu Lee ) , 조형원 ( Hyong Won Cho )
한국법정책학회|법과 정책연구  5권 1호, 2005 pp. 361-388 (총 28pages)
6,800
초록보기

기술자료 : 폐기물 소각시설 주변 환경보건평가 중 스크리닝 단계에서의 우선순위 선정기법에 관한 연구

김기영 ( Gi Young Kim ) , 홍승철 ( Seung Cheol Hong )
4,500
초록보기
Environmental and public health concern for the emission of air pollutants from burn-up process in waste incineration plants located in the vicinity of living environment was increased during the past decade. The purpose of this study was to suggest of the simple and rapid method of priority setting model for the decision of full-scale public health assessment. This method was consists of total 5-step. Step 1 was “secure the satellite map” and we can use the satellite map which serves from the website such as NAVER Co. Step 2 was “drawing mesh on the map” for catch the point of occupation of environmental sensitivity facilities, and step 3 was “identification and sorting of the facilities”, Step 4 was “setting of weight” using the “weighted linear combination (WLC) method”. Finally, all facility was sorted by score. As a result, we can set a priority of 145 facilities based on 177 facilities which managed in local government. Facilities in Seoul metropolitan area was high rank in priority list. On the other side, Facilities located at the country or rural area was low rank because of low occupation of the house and the environmental sensitivity facilities such as kindergarten, elementary school, and hospital. In this study, we suggested simple and rapid method that using for screening procedure of public health assessment.

서울시민의 환경보건 위험인식과 정책 필요성에 영향을 미치는 요인

장미정 ( Mijung Jang ) , 김정훈 ( Jeonghoon Kim ) , 이은주 ( Eunju Lee ) , 김규상 ( Kyoosang Kim )
5,200
초록보기
연구목적: 서울시민이 느끼는 위험인식과 환경보건위해에 대한 의견, 위험인식과 정책 필요성에 미치는 영향을 계량심리학적 방법에 따른 분석을 통해 환경보건정책 수립의 기초자료 구축을 목적으로 하였다. 연구방법: 자료는 서울시에 1년 이상 거주한 만 19세 이상 성인 남녀 2,000명을 대상으로 2017년 8월 총 6일간의 온라인 설문조사로 수집되었다. 위험인식에 관한 도구는 심리측정패러다임 연구를 참고하여 환경보건분야로 한정한 20개의 위해요소를 도출하고 6개의 위험특성으로 측정하였다. 또한 일반적인 위험인식과 예방 정책 필요성을 추가하고 요인분석을 통해 위험인식 구조를 2개로 축소한 후 그에 미치는 영향 정도를 측정하였다. 연구결과: 20개 환경보건위해요인에 대한 일반적인 위험인식 순위를 성별, 연령별, 혼인상태별 평균값 순으로 나열한 결과 방사능의 위험인식이 가장 높았고 정책 필요성 순위는 미세먼지가 가장 높았으며 항목마다 집단별로 유의한 차이가 있었다. 서울시민의 환경보건위해요인에 대한 서울시민의 일반적인 위험인식을 평균값에 따라 도출한 결과 방사능, 산업폐수, 환경호르몬 순으로 위험하다고 인식하고 있었다. 정책의 필요성에 대한 응답으로는 미세먼지, 자동차 배기가스, 산업폐수 순으로 필요하다고 응답하였다. 6개의 위험특성은 위험에 대한 두려운 정도와 위험의 통제가능성 정도의 2개의 속성과 4개 유형으로 분류되었다. 위험에 대한 두려운 정도가 높을수록, 위험에 대한 통제가능성이 낮을수록 위험인식과 정책 필요성 모두에 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 결론: 서울시민이 체감하는 환경보건위해는 성별, 연령별, 혼인상태별로 차이가 있었으며, 위험의 두려운 정도와 통제가능성 정도에 따라 일반적인 위험인식과 정책 필요성이 변화하였다. 환경보건정책 집행 시 이러한 점을 고려하여 우선순위를 파악한 적절한 조정과 중재가 필요할 것이다.

보건의료환경이 일차의료 질 향상에 미치는 영향: 2008-2017년 OECD 보건통계 자료를 활용한 패널분석

김선제 ( Sun Jea Kim ) , 황지영 ( Ji Young Hwang ) , 선정연 ( Jeong Yeon Seon )
4,500
초록보기
Objectives: Korea is struggling to join in the global trend toward strengthening the role of primary care in the healthcare system. Based on healthcare data collected from Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), a plan for quality improvement in primary care is proposed through an analysis of the relationship between the supply of and accessibility to health resources and its impact on primary care quality. Methods: Based on the OECD healthcare data (2008-2017), Two-factors Fixed Effect Panel analysis was performed. Save for countries having insufficient variables, 16 out of 37 OECD countries were subjected to the analysis. The resulting variables were asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes and hypertension hospital admission rates, and five models were set for each disease. Life expectancy and alcohol consumption were used as variables for correction, and the number of general practitioners, the publicly-owned hospital rates, the number of consultations, and the number of discharges were set as major variables to identify the effect on the healthcare system. Additionally, current health expenses were used as explanatory variables. Results: Statistical significance between the number of general practitioners, the number of consultations, and the number of discharges and hospital admission rates for chronic disease was found. One person/1,000 population increase in the number of general practitioners was associated with 24.96 cases/100,000 population decrease in the asthma hospital admission rates (p=0.006). One visit/person increase in the number of consultations was associated with decrease in the hospital admission rates for asthma (3.75 cases/100,000 population, p=0.003), diabetes (18.51 cases/100,000 population, p=0.003) and hypertension (16.82 cases/100,000 population, p=0.003). One case/1,000 population in the number of discharges was associated with increase in the hospital admission rates for asthma (0.41 cases/100,000 population, p<0.001), diabetes (1.44 cases/100,000 population, p= 0.002), and hypertension (1.14 cases/100,000 population, p=0.006). Conclusions: To improve primary care quality in Korea, it is necessary to secure sufficient medical specialists through the establishment of community-oriented health service system, weaken access to inpatient services, and integrate the fragmented system for outpatient care.
4,500
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환경보건법의 방향과 과제

이헌석 ( Heon Seog Lee )
한국환경법학회|환경법연구  29권 3호, 2007 pp. 307-335 (총 29pages)
6,900
초록보기
In these days, the problem of the environmental damage has been aggravated. So human afraid about health, because it has been widely accepted that the environment is an important determining factor of human health. Therefore Korean government submit The Bill of Environmental Health, in order to confirm constitutional right to health and environment. This Bill involve four Basic legal principles, they are precautionary principle, participation principle, pre-protection of weak and integrative principle of health and environment. The major purposes of this study are investigate the directions of Environmental Health Act and analysis problems of the Bill. To Accomplish the purposes, it pursues as follows: First, the concept of environmental health should be clearly established, and the legal system of environmental health Act should be confirmed too. Second this study, through analysis of environmental law and health law, propose several principals of environmental health act. Finally, this study focus the problems of the Bill, and suggest several improvement points. In result, through this Act establishment, it is expected to guarantee the environmental health right of people against environmental pollution and to participate into the environmental health policy in extensively.

미국 상위 30개 연구 중심 대학들의 실험실 환경보건안전 담당 부서 -MIT 사례를 중심으로-

안광석 ( Kwang Seog Ahn ) , 강동묵 ( Dong Mug Kang ) , 신용철 ( Yong Chul Shin ) , 전영희 ( Young Hee Jun )
5,100
초록보기
Objectives: The objectives of this research are to examine the missions, organization, and programs of the environmental, health and safety(EHS) offices of the major research universities in the U.S.A., particularly the case of Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT) EHS Office, and to suggest ways to address the EHS issues of the universities and research institutes in South Korea. Methods: The top 30 research universities in the U.S.A. were selected by the total amounts of research funds they annually received. The web sites of the 30 universities were searched to identify the names of the departments that address environment, health, and/or safety related issues, the missions of those departments, the major programs of those departments, and the number of staff in those departments. Also, a case study was conducted for the Environment Health and Safety Management System and the Environment, Health and Safety Office of the MIT, using literature and web searches and a meeting with the Director of the MIT Environment, Health and Safety Office. Results: All the top 30 research universities in the U.S.A. had designated departments that dealt with EHS issues. Most of them were by the name of or similar to environmental, health and safety. The mission statements of those departments were mostly about improving the safety and health of their community members, improving the environment, and complying to EHS regulations. Most of those departments had an environmental management program, industrial hygiene program, radiation protection program, safety program, and biosafety program as their major programs. The components of the environment, health and safety management system(EHS-MS) of the MIT were examined in detail. In contrast, not many universities in South Korea had designated departments that dealt specifically with EHS issues. Also, the number of fulltime staff for EHS was only 1-2 in most of the Korean universities and their work duties included only general safety, while neglecting other health/environment related issues. Conclusions: Well organized and functioning environmental, health and safety offices were present in all of the top 30 research universities in the U.S.A., whereas similar organizations of the universities in South Korea were virtually non-existent and/or had very limited EHS activities. Therefore, in order to reduce potential risks of accidents and health problems in the Korean universities and research institutions, well established and functioning EHS-MSs and EHS offices are warranted. The case of the EHS-MS and EHS Office in the MIT demonstrate a successful case to follow.