In order to investigate the trends in science education research using AR (Augmented Reality) and derive implications for elementary science education, we analyzed 71 research articles on AR application in science education published in both Korea and abroad from 2010 to August 2020. In quantitative aspects, the number of published articles has steadily increased. For domestic researches, the number of papers targeting for elementary school students was higher than that of middle & high school students. In the research method aspects, qualitative methods were most frequently used. In particular, papers regarding the development of AR program and verification of its effectiveness were most frequently published. The researches using mixed method in domestic field were smaller in number than that of the research in abroad. There were similar trends in research targeting elementary school students. In the aspects of the contents, more researches were performed on biology and earth science areas than others. In case of researches for elementary school students, the proportion of researches on biology and earth science was even higher. Domestically the proportion of studies on the convergence of science and non-science subjects was higher than that of foreign studies. The number of researches exploring the effectiveness on ‘non-scientific attitude domain’, ‘cognitive domain’, and ‘program domain’ were relatively higher than that on ‘inquiry & practice domain’ and ‘science-related attitude domain’. For types of AR contents, ‘observation manipulation type’ was mostly studied, followed by ‘experimental activity type’, and ‘learning guide type’. In case of studies on elementary school students, the ratio of ‘observation manipulation type’ contents was higher than that of others, whereas studies on ‘field problem solving type’ were relatively less reported than others. In addition, studies on ‘simple interaction’ were most frequently reported. Particularly, there were relatively few studies on ‘linear and nonlinear interactions’ in domestic field. As a result of analyzing key words, we found that the key words related to the characteristics and implementation of AR frequently occurred, and the key words related to elementary education and the merits of AR had many direct connections with other key words.