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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한문교육연구검색

Journal of Korean classical Chinese education


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 국문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 반년간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1225-1321
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 16권 0호 (2001)

2001 학년도부터 적용되는 조정된 한문교육용 기초한자의 고찰

김상홍
한국한문교육학회|한문교육연구  16권 0호, 2001 pp. 1-85 ( 총 85 pages)
16,000
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On the 30th of December 2000, the Ministry of Education declared that 1,800 fundamental Korean Chinese characters for high school education which was established and declared in 1972 should be amended and newly applied from 2001 scholastic year. The Ministry of Education explained about the ground of amendment as follows ; "to cope with actively the formation of new cultural sphere and the change of language circumstances in the northeast Asia based on the new society of 21st century concentrated on the knowledge and information, and to establish new educational perspective for the stability of the education of Korean Chinese classics and characters." As a responsible researcher of 『The Report on the amendment of 1,800 fundamental Korean Chinese characters for high school education』 of which The Educational Society of Korean Chinese Classics was left in charge by The Ministry of Education and as a chairman of the committee in The Ministry of Education for amendment of fundamental Korean Chinese characters, I participated in this amendment project immediately applied from this scholastic year. This report, the white paper which put in order and consider the whole process and it`s backgrounds of the amendment of fundamental Korean Chinese characters etc., would be the historical resource in the history of the education of Korean Chinese classics. Also it will help to comprehend of the fundamental Korean Chinese characters applied from this year and contribute to open new horizon over the education of Korean Chinese classics. The proposal amended newly, maintaining 1,800 letters formation as before, is divided into 2 parts, 900 for junior and 900 for senior. The summary of main contents is as follows. ① New proposal is amended, on the basis of the proposal of The Ministry of Culture & Tourism and of The Educational Society of Korean Chinese Classics, through public hearings and public-opinion polls. ② We excepted 44 letters from 1,800 letters formation established on the 16th of August 1978 and supplemented 44 letters to it. We excepted 4 letters `硯貳壹楓` from the Korean Chinese characters for junior, 40 letters `憩戈瓜鷗閨濃潭桐洛爛藍朗蠻矛沐栢汎膚弗酸森盾升阿梧刃雌蠶笛蹟滄悽稚琢兎弦灰喉噫熙` from the Korean Chinese characters for senior. ③ We made it a rule to observe the existing characters formation in the case of division between characters for junior and that of senior but 4 letters `李朴舌革` for senior were adjusted to that of junior. ④ 44 letters newly supplemented `乞隔牽繫狂軌糾塗屯騰獵隷僚侮冒伴覆誓逝攝垂搜押躍閱擁凝宰殿竊奏珠鑄震滯逮遞秒卓誕把偏嫌衡` are for senior. ⑤ In the case of characters used in proper nouns, for example person`s name or the name of a place, teacher must educate without regard to new proposal. ⑥ In the case of publishing textbook of Korean Chinese classics for high school education, we permitted to add letter only within 1% of 1,800 letters newly applied but certainly it must include 44 letters which were excluded before. ⑦ 44 letters excluded, for the effectiveness of education and the publishing textbook, have to be educated in addition to the proposal. As it were, because in the compilation of textbook the supplement of letters is permitted within 100 letters, 44 letters excluded before can be taught by this permission. In spite of that regulation there are several inconvenient aspects. ① The Ministry of Education(at that time) in charge of educational administration didn`t attempt actively the amendment of fundamental Korean Chinese characters for high school education, instead of it The Ministry of Culture & Tourism presented new proposal to The Ministry of Education and then the process of amendment was began passively by The Ministry of Education. From now on, in case the amendment of fundamental Korean Chinese characters for education is necessary, The Ministry of Education & Human Resources has to lead that project actively. ② The 1,800 letters formation of fundamenta

제 6 차 교육과정에 따른 고등학교 한문교과서의 < 한자 , 한자어 > 영역 단원 분석

안재철(Jae Chul Ahn)
한국한문교육학회|한문교육연구  16권 0호, 2001 pp. 87-121 ( 총 35 pages)
7,500
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The purpose of this paper is to systematically review the structure of high school Chinese Writing text produced in accordance with the 6th curriculum revision. This paper suggests a way to be desired in producing a Chinese Writing text in future. With current materials of I (II) type of high school Chinese Writing text, this paper reviewed `internal system` of the text, focusing on `unit arrangement` and `unit configuration` (This study reviewed the Chinese Characters·Words Written in Chinese Characters only). As a result of review of potential problems of the text system, the solutions as a conclusion includes: 1.Conclusion 1)Current unit arrangement of Chinese Writing text of high school should be set up taking into account the high school`s Chinese Writing level and class frequency allotted. This paper suggests that larger units of 9 to 11 and smaller units of 3 to 4 are proper. 2)In terms of units for Chinese Characters·Words Written in Chinese Characters, larger units should be composed with 1 and 2 units and smaller units with 4 to 9 units in case that 900 Chinese characters are a basic to teach and learn. This level of unit classification seems to be appropriate when it comes to configuration of . 3)The system of units of current high schools Chinese Writing I is: `Larger Units List - Larger Units Overview - Larger Units Study Objectives - Smaller Units List - Smaller Units Study Objectives - Text - (Study-Advanced Study-Complementary Study) - Drills - Executive Summary - Evaluation of Larger Unit Concerned`. However, this study suggests a desirable system of the units of current high school`s Chinese Writing I as: `Larger Units List - Larger Units Overview - Larger Units Study Objectives - Smaller Units List - Smaller Units Study Objectives - Explanation of Smaller Units = Text - (*Support stage for explanation of the text: study - Important Phrase Explanation - Application - Supplementary·Advanced Study) - Drills - Executive Summary of a larger Unit - Evaluation of Smaller Unit Concerned`. 4)In general, a study of a text can be accomplished when studies of a text policies, text system, text structure, text content, and text internal/external systems are integrated together. In order for a text to be called on play, a text that impacts a lot the teaching and learning should be studied in a various and integral manners. Based on this kind of study, a text should be produced. In the event of evaluation of the text produced, a regulation should be made so that qualified evaluators can join in the evaluation of the text in a fair manner. 5)As far as the system of the current text of the high school`s Chinese writing is concerned, it shows that the text has been developed to improve students` perception function and reading skill of the Chinese writing. I hope, by follow-up studies on and an school/class application, the text of Chinese writing would be effectively and systematically set up in future. 2. Recommendations 1)It is recommended that a `studying objectives` of a future authorized textbook of Chinese writing be set up in cope with a `content system` and a `content` of the `Chinese Curriculum`. Also, a `studying contents` should be developed in accordance with a `studying objectives`. `Evaluation list` should be fully matched with a `studying objectives`. 2)In evaluation for selection of a textbook to be authorized, an evaluation committee should be organized only with qualified and experienced members so that a better quality of a text should be authorized through a fair evaluation in cope with `Text book publication evaluation criteria`. 3)As a part of efforts well meeting the Information age, this paper suggests that an `electronic textbook` be adapted in future curriculum for utilization of a deeper, larger volume or unlimited data.

중학교 한문과 학습평가의 시안

고승희(Seung Hee Ko)
한국한문교육학회|한문교육연구  16권 0호, 2001 pp. 123-163 ( 총 41 pages)
11,600
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This thesis deals with the evaluation methods of Chinese character as a subject in middle school. Most of the traditional evaluation methods have been multi-choice types or short-answer types and had more focuses on memorizing fragmentary knowledge, which has lowered students interests in the subject and failed to achieve the ultimate purpose of Chinese character education. The purpose of this study is to improve the traditional evaluation methods. This thesis is primarily divided into two parts. First, the problems in the evaluation patterns are pointed out, on the basis of analyses of the existing evaluation methods in middle school textbooks. Second, new evaluation methods of Chinese character education in middle school are suggested. The evaluation methods suggested in this thesis have the following features. Fist, these methods can be applied to the lessons in the classroom as part of teaching, so that they can raise the efficiency of learning. Second, interesting factors are added to the methods and the methods are varied so that they can stimulate students interests in and motives on Chinese character study. Third, the methods develop students ability to use Chinese characters in their daily life. Forth, the methods develop students thinking faculty and originality. A pedagogical theories on evaluation methods of Chinese character as a subject is not yet established. Accordingly, this study has certain limits resulted from the fact that little precedent theoretical bases exist. And classes per week to practice these methods which researcher suggested are not enough. In this thesis, however, new types of evaluation method are suggested, which are expected to make a contribution to the practical side of Chinese character education. Furthermore, it is the researcher`s hope that more systematic study on the evaluation methods of Chinese character shall be carried out.

한문교과교육에서 「 한자의 짜임 」 지도 방법의 일고찰 - 상형자지사자를 중심으로 -

송병렬(Pyoung Nyoul Song)
한국한문교육학회|한문교육연구  16권 0호, 2001 pp. 165-189 ( 총 25 pages)
6,500
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In middle school education on Liu Shu(六書 : six writings), six types of characters in terms of their composition, has been focused on pictographs, indicatives, ideographs, and phonetic compounds. And its current concept and textbooks must include `concept` for understanding the creation principle of Chinese characters and method of understanding the concept`. Current textbooks give a clear explanation of the concept. But it`s a fallacy to explain the process of characters` change in style and creation principle of pictographs and indicatives at the same time. And current textbooks and curriculum manuals just arrange knowledge of Chinese characters in a row, only to make it insufficient to indicate principle for understanding the concept. Among six writings, pictographs and indicatives imply a principle of representing shape of signs around our daily lives. Technique and principle of representation as image cuta, and signs in common. Therefore, in spite of difference between characters and picture, image cuts are available for learning Chinese characters. As practical daily lives. By interpreting those image cuts and pictures on the signs, students easily realized the principle of representation as image, and I told them the principle is also applied to pictographs and indicatives. I confirmed that learning effect can be improved when principle of creation of Chinese characters is given definitely. And even more cleary when students learn by experience in their lives.

고등학교 한문교과서의 몇 가지 문제점에 대하여

김숭호(Soong Ho Kim)
한국한문교육학회|한문교육연구  16권 0호, 2001 pp. 191-216 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
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The purpose of this paper is to study some problems of Sino-Korean textbooks of high school. For this, I researched problems in 11 kinds 22 textbooks of high school, revised by sixth curriculum. For first, the problems of grammar for textbooks; second, the problems of citation for the textbooks; third, the problems of Korean translation for the textbooks. Through this study, I could get the results as follows; Fist, as for the problems of grammar for textbooks, there are some errors in confusion of Sino-Korean grammar terminology and analysis of Sino-Konean sentence pattern. Second as the problems of citation for the textbooks, there are some errors in mistake of Text and clerical error of a quotation. Third as the problems of Korean translation for the textbooks, there are some errors in Korean translation of the sentences. Therefore, I trade to suggest the solution to the problems. We can expect the following effects through this paper: First, the authors of Sino-Korean textbooks will realize that they have to do their work accurately and seriously and examine the textbooks carefully. Second, when the high school teachers find out obvious mistakes in the textbooks, they can correct the mistakes and they can have the critical viewpoints about the textbooks. Also, the authors and the examiners of the textbooks will get the same advantages. I expect that further study in this field will help to make better textbooks. The study in this field will be helpful in the making of the new textbooks for the Seventh Educational curriculum. In this paper, I analysed 11 kinds 22 textbooks of high school textbooks. However, I an not sure whether my opinion and solution are correct or not. I am looking forward to critical opinions from the specialists in the education of Sino-Korean and composition.
6,500
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This paper analyze Poem(175 pieces) listed in Chinese Characters Textbooks which is currently used in High Schools and examine the problems of these Poem. Basically speaking, only one wrong character or contents which are fault or incomplete must not be found in Textbooks. Because Textbook is an object of trust that is perfect and absolute in both students and teachers. So the study of finding some mistakes in explanation or translation of Poem listed in Chinese Character Textbooks and the effort of correcting these mistakes are very worth. Of course, it is not true that there has not been any papers indicating the problems of Poem in Chinese Character Textbooks till now. However most of those papers were analyzing past Textbooks which is based on the fifth education curriculum. The new Chinese Character Textbooks based on seventh education curriculum will be used in 2002. So at this time stage of new compilation, it is surely necessary to correct the mistakes which is found in current Chinese Character Textbooks based on sixth education curriculum. The important contents of this paper could be divided into four parts as follows. Fist, The study on a writer. Second, Mistakes in explanation. Third, Mistakes in translation or analysis and Inadequate vocabulary. The major category of this paper is restricted within 175 pieces Poem listed in Chinese Character Textbooks. Although most of the explanation about Poem may be correct, it is true that there are some parts which may not be sufficient. So the study on these insufficient parts will be considerably helpful to the compilation work of High School Chinese Character Textbooks which will be newly reorganized in accordance with seventh education curriculum.

애국계몽기 한자교과서 『 속성한자과본 』 분석 - 구성방식과 내용을 중심으로 -

임성원(Sung Won Lim)
한국한문교육학회|한문교육연구  16권 0호, 2001 pp. 243-284 ( 총 42 pages)
11,700
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『Short-course Chinese Character Text』 is the Textbook, of Chinese Character and Chinese Writing for children which was published at Patriotic Illumination Period. Patriotic Illumination Period is the period to get to meet the new turn by the introduction of modern Educational system the change of curriculum and the dispute of language and Chinese Writing from the viewpoint of Characteristic of history of Chinese Writing Education. 『Short-course Chinese Character Text』 shows the special form in composition method and contents out of the Chinese Writing textbooks to be made at the Period also. Composition methods are as follows; First, it is the book centering around Chinese character study, but it takes the organic composition methods, so that one may study by linking to Chinese character, Chinese language and Chinese writing. Second, it is receiving the merits of he classification methods by kinds and the compounding methods of set phrase of Chinese character which are the traditional composition methods of teaching material of Chinese writing with the characteristic of development. In the contents, the substantial knowledge to be necessary for daily life which gets out of the contents centering around former Confusion doctrine and the recognition of period actuality to inspire ethical consciousness which have been emphasized traditionally etc. are diverse. Thus, it is showing the character of populace illumination through Chinese writing study well. The educational meaning that the composition method and contents out of 『Short-course Chinese Character Text』 have may be found in that it considered the intellectual ability of learners by fitting to changing actuality. And especially, the elaborateness that composition method and shows has many merits to be able to refer for making Chinese Writing textbook in the future. 『Short-course Chinese Character Text』 is helpful to presenting the desirable direction that Chinese Writing education should advance at the actuality of nowadays that the policy of language and literature about Korean language and Chinese writing changes at all times still and that the dispute from the maintenance or abolition of Chinese writing curriculum to direction, contents and revenue index etc. doesn`t cease whenever the curriculum is revised because of this.

포은 (圃隱) 정몽주 (鄭夢周) 시의 품격 연구

하정승(Jung Seung Ha)
한국한문교육학회|한문교육연구  16권 0호, 2001 pp. 285-307 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
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Poeun-Jungmongju who was representative literary man, scholar, politician in the end of Korea Dynasty, shared the fate of Korea Dynasty. He is called the east founder of Sung- Confucianism. Because he ideologically took root in Sung- Confucianism. His poetry is criticized as Hobang(豪放), Juna(典雅), Kyonggun(勁健), Honhu(渾厚), Hwapyong(和平) by the next generation. This is connected with his ideological restraint. In this manuscript I regarded the dignity of Poeun`s poetry as Hobang(豪放), Pyoi(飄逸), Agum(雅健) and investigated cases in each point. Hobang(豪放) means the dignity which comes from the broad-minded and high spirited poet. Pyoil(飄逸) is the elegance of Pyosehanil(표쇄한일). It is the dignity formed when the poet lives alone, and blessed with four properties-Aun(雅韻), Gojung(高情), Chungsa(淸思), Myopil(妙筆). Agun(雅健) is the elegance of Junakyongun(典雅勁健). This is connected with the scholar of refined tastes- Wanghiji(王義之)`s Nanjung(蘭亭), Guyangsu(歐陽脩)`s Naksa(洛社), Bakgeoe(e(白居易)`s Hyangsan(香山). Youhyob(유협) considered Juna(典雅) as the dignity of a confucianist in << Munsimjoryong(文心彫龍)>>. Kyonggun(勁健) is the dignity which is able when the poet observe `Hangun(行健)` in <> and `Jonwoong(存雄)` in <>. This manuscript is wrote as a part of study of the dignity of Chinese poetry in the end of Korea Dynasty. The comparison the dignity of Poeun`s poetry and the dignity of other poet`s poetry in the same age is leaved as a problem to solve after this.

강희맹의 시세계 연구

조영호(Young Ho Cho)
한국한문교육학회|한문교육연구  16권 0호, 2001 pp. 309-342 ( 총 34 pages)
7,400
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This thesis is to bring light on the characteristics of government officials` literature of the fifteenth century. In some other way of both the first stage when pressed with building key points for the country and the latter period when facing the political power transferred to the party of Sarym, since the middle of the fifteen century came the times for the government officials` literature, supported by the King Sejo who maintained a strong power and the King So˘ngjong who was fond of study. At those times were such influential representative literary men as Kim Soo-On, So˘Ko˘-Jung, Lee Seung-So and Kang Hee-Mang. They all agreed with the `Jae-do theory and recognized the necessity of literature under the predominance of morality, which is regarded as the different characteristics from the Jaedo theory from the end of Koryo˘period to the beginning of the fifteen century. This thesis explains what moral utilities, based on the speculation of neoconfucianism(So˘nglyhak), is included in Kang Hee-Mang`s poems, who was a government official and literary man in the middle of the fifteen century, under a whole outline of government officials` literature. Kang Hee-Mang emphasized literature on the value of leading the world to the right direction in the succession to the tradition of Jaedo theory and, therefore, insisted literature should function as a tool for holding something which guided the world to a right way and helping kings` virtue. He hoped that his poems could help build Confucian ideal world, and assumed that it would make poetry not treated as a trifle art any more. From this point of view, his poems naturally came to held the nature .of both controlling the world which might be helpful in improving the moral fiber and `Kwanpung` which was to look around public morals over those times. If the morality was considered as an universal order, based on the theory of So˘nglyhak, the literature itself was just recognized as something necessary to realize it. This suggests a different idea from the previous one that literature came to be given a high position for the purpose of contribution to highly admire the world already embodied by the theory of So˘nglyhak. However, the officials who were responsible for the stableness of king power and cultural affairs for the establishment of `Ye Ak(禮樂)` in the process of his practice, noticed the need to lessen tensional spirit. And this was as a whole realized through travelers` journals, paintings and planting flowers and herbs. But, they have strongly excluded all of those which make themselves lose the neutral status through appreciating things. Instead of giving pleasure to both ears and eyes in the pursue of pleasure, they tried to reconsider themselves which realizes `Jonyang Sungchal(存養省察)` and `IshinYangseng(怡神養性)`. This proves the fact that the officials tried to harmonize their life as governing people with life as purifying themselves. Moreover, it is an example which shows that his poetic spirit is equally applied to talents in paintings and other noble hobbies. In addition, he liberally expressed his wanting to escape from government services` fetters by writing poems when he was criticized and impeached. In this case, the themes of the poems were sadness and wanting to go back to rural life. These themes cannot be explained by `Jae-do` theory which is useful in making the world right. However, they form a great category of the volumes. For `Kang Hee-Mang`, in this point of view, Chinese poems could be appreciated to be having both public functions such as productive tool-possessing something which makes the world right and helping king`s virtue and private function which comes from expression of emotion and riddance of suffocating which comes from expressing outwardly without constraints.

「 영남효열부전 (嶺南孝烈婦傳) 」 연구

임완혁(Wan Hyuk Im)
한국한문교육학회|한문교육연구  16권 0호, 2001 pp. 343-371 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
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「Yongnam Hyo Yol Bu Jon(嶺南孝烈婦傳)」 is a work of Seo, Kyong Chang(徐慶昌), a yeohang poet in the later Chosun Dynasty, and depicts discord between a widow and her real parents with reality. This work draws the life of a woman who practices the value, transcending a feudal ideology, Yol, that human should maintain. There exist unofficial tales and stories handed by words of mouth that deal with above subject matters. 「Yongnam Hyo Yol Bu Jon」, however, is superior to other tales and stories in view of narratives such as, the framework of work, the appearance of characters, the awareness of main subject and so on. First of all, intimate framework and vivid appearance of characters reveal mental changes and discords of characters concretely. By this work of art, it is possible to confirm the spirit of feudal women who are to practice `the universal value of human` which surpasses `the formula of ideology`.
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