In this paper, a comprehensive study on Bulgarian taboo words was conducted. A total of 105 Bulgarian representative taboo words collected through the internet resources and literatures were studied from the formal and semantic research aspects. In the second half of the study, the strengths of Bulgarian taboo words meaning were analyzed numerically with a total score of 100, and the top 30 strongest strengths meaning words were introduced. In addition, nine most weak meaning examples are presented also below.
Based on the author’s preliminary study, the original words and meanings are described, and then the semantic characteristics and strengths of the individual examples are defined through the large and small categories. In terms of morphology, Bulgarian taboo words had all forms of vocabulary, phrases, and sentences, and especially there were many taboo words of one sentence unit. In terms of semantics, the largest number was the sexual vocabulary. There were many vocabularies that corresponded to physical degradation and human degradation. For example, relationships with mother and other relatives, body language vocabulary related to sexuality, and vocabulary related to sex. There were many taboo words depicting homosexuals, mainly male homosexual expressions. As a minority of the Bulgarians, the vocabulary of Gypsies was also presented as sexual vocabulary and discriminative vocabulary. In the case of profanity and profanity which are widely used in vernacular, it is confirmed that animal related things such as 'dog' and 'donkey' are also appearing.
I was worried about whether Bulgarian taboo words could be quantified in terms of strength(semantic tensity). The results of the research on strength on the Internet and the results of small-scale surveys are described in tables and examples. Sexual vocabulary was dominant in the vocabulary and sentence of taboo strong intensity. Of the top 30 examples, 19 were sexual vocabulary. The others also indirectly related to sexual meaning, including homosexuals, gypsies, and everyday profanity and profanity. In the case of the lower part, it was a feature that the study found out that the profanity and profanity were the main subjects rather than the sexual vocabulary.