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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

러시아어문학연구논집검색

Russian Language and Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 노어노문
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-1188
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 60권 0호 (2018)
6,500
초록보기
The relationship between life and art is an important problem that has been constantly discussed since the beginning of the history of art. This was a serious ideological issue not only for the romantic aesthetics, progressive realists and their contemporaries of the 19th century, but also for the founders of symbolism. V. Ivanov, poet, philosopher and critic who played a key role in the development of the early 20th century Russian symbolist movement, could not move away from this atmosphere, either. Therefore in this article, before analyzing his work Tantalos, we will examine an ideological background of Ivanov who encountered with a turning point of the century, and will show how his philosophical understanding of the age affected his aesthetics. I will present a comprehensive analysis of his drama-tragedy Tantalos in relation with his aesthetics.
6,800
초록보기
This paper focuses on Pavel Smerdyakov's personality in Dostoevsky's last novel The Brothers Karamazov. At first, we analyze his characteristic peculiarities(mysophobia, 'contemplation' etc.) and ideology expressed in his behaviour and conversations with the others. And then we examine the secret relationship of Ivan and Smerdyakov from latter's point of view. Through detailed analysis it turns out that the initiative is taken not by Ivan but by Smerdyakov. Particularly, it's quite interesting that after a catastrophe the real murderer with a kind of pride gradually begins to despise his 'young master'. Nevertheless, he finishes his life, committing a suicide. We try to find the key to such a riddle, reading his meeting ('confession de foi') with his potential lover(Marya Kondratievna) closely, and the argument of a prosecutor and a lawyer. In conclusion, we discuss the meaning of his 'aesthetic death' in the whole structure of the novel.
11,600
초록보기
This paper is devoted to study N. Dyakovs’s play 『Wedding with a Dowry』; the comedy is analyzed in terms of conflict and competition, satire and criticism, entertainment and education, what should explain compromise and tension between the contemporary theater policy and the Soviet comedy. In the 『Wedding with a Dowry』, Olga and Maxim's strife is different from the traditional conflict of the drama; while they have a common goal of improving agricultural productivity and achieving production goals, the enthusiastic heros of comedy, who have strong competition spirit, own different views on how to achieve the goal: The conflict of comedy is replaced by socialist competition between two young activist leaders of collective farms. As a result, 『Wedding with a Dowry』 became a comedy of conflict-free. Since 1945, satire has become virtually impossible in Soviet theater, and the criticism overwhelms satire instead. Criticism and self-criticism were the means for evaluating social practice and overcoming individual errors and deficiencies. In the ‘Zdanovshchina’s period of Soviet literature, criticism and self-criticism had to become the principle of dramaturgy, what resulted in anomalous changes and modifications not only in the content of the Soviet comedy but also in the form: The process of < error-criticism-self criticism-rebirth > became a structural feature of the comedy plot and the laughter of comedy has weakened. When Diyakonov was writing the comedy 『Wedding with a Dowry』, he should consider the drama policy demands to deal with the modern themes of the Soviet Union and the characteristics of the comedy genre, which should provide laughter and entertainment. In his comedy, education is centered around the modern theme of agriculture; on the other hand, the comic situation is minimized. Kurotskin, who plays a central role in singing, dancing, and music, is also the object of character comic of the comedy; the proposal scene for Maksim produces the comic effect. Education and entertainment, which are integrated in the ending wedding scenes, should create the effect of emotion among the audience. But the truth of the impression of the ending is doubtful. Because emotion contributes to beautifying and varnishing of reality of the Soviet Union.
7,100
초록보기
This paper aims to examine the causes of the golden age of women writers in the post-Soviet era and the way women writers portray human beings and history. Unlike in the past, women writers focused on a ‘Little man’ and pursued a new strategy to resist Master Narratives of the Soviet Union, which is defined as ‘Petit Narrative’ in the paper. In this respect, the works of Alexievich and Ulitskaya were analyzed. Soviet utopia was strengthened by a variety of historical events including revolutions, civil wars, and World Wars but in the midst of these, individuals were left scarred and their lives were shattered. Women writers took notice of the very shattered consciousness of individuals. They listened carefully to the ‘different’ voice of the ‘little men’ not to the historical arguments. Alexievich payed attention to the inner scar of individuals in ‘voice of utopia’ cycles and developed documentary fiction recording their voice. Ulitskaya used the history of Soviet utopia as inadvertent backgrounds in her novel titled ‘Medea and Her Children’ and described more intensely and fascinatingly an epic life of little men than the history of the empire. Like this using ‘Petit Narrative’, women writers present the relationship between individuals and history in the light of subversion and open the door to new possibilities for the 21st century literature.

도스토예프스키와 톨스토이 시학에 나타난 공감의 문제 연구

조혜경
6,600
초록보기
This paper is focused on the sympathy in Dostoevsky’s and Tolstoy’s poetics. For Dostoevsky, sympathy is based on the social dimension, which is connected with his experience. Though the writer may have thought of the many prisoners he met in Siberian as his own and others, he saw in them the ‘Marey’ that he had met in his childhood, and the spirituality that lies within Marey is no different from his faith. In other words, Dostoevsky discovered that they also have faith in common and that it is the main code of understanding them and a link that can be one with them. It differs from the intellectuals of the time in which the writer lived, in order to approach the people, in the sense of reason, logic, or any justification. For Tolstoy, on the other hand, sympathy can be considered in terms of morality and practice. Tolstoy’s sympathy extends from the individual to the social level, whereas Dostoevsky’s sympathy moves from the social dimension to the individual dimension. Through his personal experience and enlightenment, he emphasizes sympathy in the process of practicing what he realizes in society. In other words, after sympathy, he tried to practice his sympathy and realization. It was not for the Russian people or the Slavs, but for the whole human race. In this sense, Tolstoy tried to overcome the partiality of empathy and tried to obtain universality of sympathy. In particular, Tolstoy emphasizes that patriotism is an example of bias in empathy and should be guarded.

삶의 우발성과 ‘밝은 슬픔’

최종술
6,500
초록보기
Несмотря на то, что А. Пушкин верит в жизнь и хвалит ее, его поэзия пронизана трагическим чувством ее пустоты. “Светлая печаль”, эмоционально-смысловая доминанта в пушкинском жизневосприятии, таким образом, является выражением жизнеутверждания, преодолевшего нигилистическое отношение к жизни. В данной статье освещаются философские базисы “светлой печали” Пушкина в контекстах древнегреческой трагедии, любви к судьбе(Amor Fati) у Ницше и в экзистенциализме, и, в частности, случайного материализма Луи Альтюссера. Для того, чтобы принять жизнь как есть, приходится утвердить то, что жизнь - это случайность. В основе пушкинской веры в жизнь, преодоляющей разочарование и отчаяние в нее, лежит его жизненная философия, одобряющая саму случайность человеческого бытия, следовательно, сопоставимая с философией столкновения Луи Альтюссера. У Пушкина одобрение случайностей в жизни человечества неразрывно связано с верой в Провидение. О гуманитарном смысле пушкинской теодицеи речь пойдет в другой статье.
7,500
초록보기
This article is dedicated to the problems of the political unconscious in 18th century Russia. For this purpose, I will shed new light to the satirical drama of Denis Fonvizin whose name is famous for the Enlightenment thinker and writer in the era of Catherine II. Literary critics have evaluated his works as a fidelity to the Moral Reason of Enlightenment, but we have to raise a question against it. We can find the critical arguments for another interpretation that the Minor gave covert support to the Economic Reason opening the broad road for the Modern Capitalism. Fonvizin’s Enlightenment which tried to found the rule of law against despotism, brought about the desire for the Rich in place of the aristocratic Duty. Finally, we can see that the Reason of State stood behind the Economic Reason, because Modern State needed the huge capital for becoming one of the World Powers. In this sense, we can call it the entangled moments of the Enlightenment in 18th Russia. This is the reason why we have to investigate the reverse pages of History from the perspective of the political unconscious.
초록보기
This paper is an analysis of the contemporary aspects of the public consciousness about the Russian Revolution in 1917. The main focus of the study is the historical perception and assessment of the modern Russian public on the Russian revolution and its current implications. In this context this study reviewed the detailed results of Russian public opinion polls periodically conducted by Russian public opinion research center(ВЦИОМ) and Levada-Center(Левада-центр) from the dissolution of the Soviet Union to the present. The public consciousness about Russian revolution has undergone quite a bit of change in the evolution of history that has come to this day after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and there are certain trends within it. The public perception of modern Russia on the October Revolution is seen as somewhat plain, diverse, and sometimes contradictory. However, the collective perception of the public is not biased or overly subjective and can be considered to be quite moderate and objective, and therefore can be considered very realistic. Today, as the October Revolution celebrates its 100th anniversary, The Russian public consider a grand historical event in 1917 as a historical lesson that produced ideal and tragedy, fully remember the historical reality of monumental event, critically reflect on the present echoes and ultimately dream the new ideal of the future. In this sense, as another unfinished project for a better world, the Russian Revolution is still meaningful to us as well.

자카르파트 지역 소수민족의 우크라이나어 구사

정영주
6,600
초록보기
Юго-Западный край Закарпатской области был присоединен к Украине во время Сталина. Во времена существования Советсткого Союза русский язык был приоритетен, поэтому преподавание украинского практически не производилось, а после объявления независимости страна не питала достоточный интерес к осуществлению программ по преподаванию государственного языка, что привело к неэффективности образовательной системы. Венгерский, румынский и другие языки, в отличие от русского не являются славянскими языками, поэтому для жителей требовалась отдельная образовательная программа, однако в стране не удалось наладить ее, а также издать и обеспечить учебниками, воспитать учителей и т.д. Данная проблема была постоянно поднимаема локальными педагогами, однако в украинском обществе это не нашло отклика. Автор поставил цель поиска решения для образовательного органа и правительства Украины, изучив текущее состояние преподавания украинского языка и его использования среди национальных меньшинств в Закарпатье. Для этого во второй главе рассмотрится вкратце история края, а в третьей главе осветится ситуация с языком в той местности. Также мы определим сложные моменты в преподавании и задачи образования официальному языку граждан. В четвертой главе мы подытожим представленное.
6,900
초록보기
The purpose of this article was to examine changes of the concept of friend in Russian language and culture - focused on the principal words used to express a friend from the ancient times - as well as characteristics of Russian concept of friend. товарищ, originated from Turkish and meaning ‘business partner’ in the beginning, has experienced diverse semantic changes over the course of long time. Especially during the Soviet Union period, it underwent such a large change that it was even considered to be a new word, and high symbolism and value of this word reflects demand of the time for ideal human relationship and friendship. подруга, with no proper equivalence in Korean, also cherishes unique characteristics of Russian culture. It's often considered to be feminine form of друг, but between them exists semantic imbalance apart from gender difference. This article sought to find the essence of this imbalance from feminine implications contained in подруга. Through the existence of the word подруга and its semantic characteristic, this study found, Russians perceived lives of women in Russian culture and their stereotyped socializing methods. друг, a typical word expressing concept of friend in Russia has diverse characteristics too. This study finds the most remarkable semantic quality of this word from the elements of ‘help’ and ‘communication’. The former element was already possessed in the ancient times and yet has become further activated until today's modern society via the Soviet Union period. Its another characteristic would be the significance of ‘communication’ друг contains amid interrelations of правда and душа considered to be other key words in Russian culture.
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