This study aims to analyze the migrants who returned to Russia from the CIS during the time of the Soviet Union, and it especially aims to analyze the migrants' survival and the labor policies directly related to them. However, this analysis is not a utility analysis that analyzes the economic value and the economic advantages and disadvantages of the policy.
Russia is no entering into a new multicultural era whether they want it or not. This study aims to examine the fundamental identity (正體性) and direction (方向性) of the migrant labor policy Russia had during the Soviet Union times during this flow in the eras.
If so, what is the identity of the migrant worker policy of Russia? By looking through the time and the environment it was created, the Russian migrant policy can be a good medium for understanding the Russian race, human rights, and other people's views, rather than just one economic and social policy. Therefore, this study strived to use the analysis of the characteristics of the policy as the basic propel strategy.
Representative migrant workers' policies during the Soviet period include residence registration system, work permit system and quota system for migrant workers. The three representative policies of migrant workers were selected as the basic analysis policy of this study, and the characteristics and direction of the whole policy were analyzed by analyzing the similarities and differences of each policy. Also, even though on the surface these policies were carried out by using the same consumers (Migrant workers who returned from CIS) as the subject, practically, the subjects were racially divided into Slavic and non-Slavic. Thus, this study viewed in the perspective of looking at how each policy was applied to both the Slavic and the non-Slavic.
Regardless of the conditions, environments, and the racial divisions of the policy consumers, there was an undeniable common point that from the past to the present, 'migrant workers' were always the weak and were always the stranger. During the processes of drafting and carrying out each policy, depending on the political and economic environments, the policies were applied either with benefits or disadvantages to the migrant workers. In addition, the policy was implemented differently according to the Slavic and to the non-Slavic. However, it was just an advantage and disadvantage in the presence of discrimination; it was not a change in the fundamental view of the other.
Therefore, when analyzing the Russian migrant workers' policy in the Soviet era, we can observe the tendency toward the weak and the strangers in Russia and clearly understand the hidden intentions. By understanding identity and direction, we can understand the current Russian multicultural policies and further predict the future Russian multicultural policy.