The purpose of this study was to analyze the form and meaning of the peasant novels written during the Liberation of Korea and thereby, determine their literary achievements. For this purpose, those novels depicting peasants` life for the period from our national emancipation until the establishment of Government of the Republic of Korea were sampled to analyze their internal aspects, in particular, their motifs, tones, narrative techniques and point-of-view and thereby, discuss their literary validity . The results of this study can be summarized as follows; First, the peasant novels during the Liberation period were written in diverse ways with a central motif affecting their specific themes. The central motif may well be categorized into specific and negative, specific and positive, abstract and negative, and abstract and positive ones. Second, most of the peasant novels during the Liberation period show authors` own view of the world or ideology, in various point-of-view or different distance between narrators and characters. Authors` views of the world seem to play an important function in forming their themes. Most stories are unfolded by a third-person narrator, but authors` consciousness are revealed at distances controlled between narrators and characters. The more ideological and critical a work was, the distance between its narrators and characters was shorter, which means the work is more subjective. Third, the peasant novels during our national liberation period seem to have been very experimental and significant in our literary history despite they were written under a historic chaos. Many works experimented romantic or lyric tones as well as various narrative techniques. Some works show authors` spirit of experimentalism through which they pursued a literary value in order to overcome their peasant novels` ideological rigidity. All in all, this study may well be significant in that it analyze the peasant novels during the period of our national liberation for their themes and literary values beyond the simple socio-critical analysis.