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> 대한언어학회 > 언어학 > 25권 3호

언어학검색

The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1225-7141
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 25권 3호 (2017)

NS and NNS Apology Strategies in English

( Kyongseon Jeon )
대한언어학회|언어학  25권 3호, 2017 pp. 1-23 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
The current study explores how native (NS) and non-native speakers (NNS) of English use different apology strategies in different contexts. Twenty NSs and 20 NNSs completed a written Discourse Completion Task (DCT). The analyses of data focused on various apology strategies such as the use of explicit expression of apology, explanation of situation, acknowledgment of responsibility, offer of repair, and promise of forbearance. The analysis also looked at modifications on apologies using downgraders and intensifiers. The results indicated both NS and NNS respondents used very similar apology strategies although NNSs relied slightly more on explicit expressions of apology than NSs. Both groups chose different strategies depending on the situation presented on the written DCT, indicating sensitivity to social factors such as social distance and power, and severity of offense. The current study suggests directions for future research focusing on sociocultural factors and L2 proficiency which might determine the production of L2 pragmatic conventions by NS and NNS respondents.

Development of Two Young Korean Learners’ English Grammar: A One-year-long Case Study

( In Lee )
대한언어학회|언어학  25권 3호, 2017 pp. 25-50 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
The purpose of this study was to find out how young Korean learners of English developed their English grammar. One boy in G6 and his sister in G4 were selected as language informants. Their spontaneous utterances were collected for one year from February 2015 to January 2016, at intervals of a month, and analyzed with respect to the following criteria: (i) the total number of Tokens, (ii) the total number of Analysis of Speech units (AS-units), (iii) changes in the use of NPs and VPs, and (iv) changes in the use of AS-units. To trace each informant’s developmental process, NPs and VPs s/he used at three points were classified as well-formed or ill-formed while AS-units were grouped into three: well-formed, ill-formed, and incomplete. The analysis of their spontaneous utterances showed that both learners’ English grammar improved not only quantitatively, but also qualitatively. Especially, the girl’s grammar remarkably improved.

The Role of Korean -(n)un in Comprehending Negated Disjunction on the Direct Object Position

( On-soon Lee )
대한언어학회|언어학  25권 3호, 2017 pp. 51-68 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
A Korean sentence like John-un ice cream-ina kheyik-ul an mek-ess-ta (‘John did not eat ice cream or cake’) is temporarily ambiguous, permitting either the conjunctive interpretation (‘John ate neither ice cream nor cake’) or the disjunctive interpretation (‘John did not eat ice cream or John did not eat cake’). Yet theoretically, the topic marker -(n)un on the direct object position (‘ice cream-ina kheyik’) forces the contrastive focus reading (Han, 1996). To assess the semantic effect of the Korean topic marker -(n)un in resolving this temporary ambiguity, a self-paced reading experiment with a Truth-Value Judgment Task was conducted with thirty native Korean-speaking adults. The participants chose the conjunctive interpretation more often in the topic-marked condition than in the accusative-marked condition. Moreover, their judgment times were shorter in the topic-marked condition. These results suggest that the semantic information carried by the topic marker -(n)un (i.e., contrastive focus) helps to resolve the temporary ambiguity of such sentences by reducing the processing load they impose.

English Sentential Subject Extraposition: Toward a ‘How Far' and ‘Why' View

( Seung Han Lee ) , ( Chul Joo Uhm )
대한언어학회|언어학  25권 3호, 2017 pp. 69-91 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
English sentential subject extraposition is a marked feature, but it is quite a systematic structure. This study aims to provide an extraposition occurrence environment and a plausible trigger for the extraposition of a sentential subject. To this end, we first identify a total of 414 examples of COCA corpus, and then discuss their predicates as well as sentential types. An adjectival predicate (52.2%) is frequently employed without a strict semantic restriction, whereas that-clause (55.8%) and to-infinitival clause (35.5%) are mostly extraposed at the sentence-final position. From this corpus data, we suggest that the extraposition occurs across no more than the first complement of a head verb if and only if the complement is not a clause. In addition, the extraposition is assumed to be triggered in order to maximize focus effect (i.e., degree of pitch increase) rather than its grammatical weight, information structure, or BNFC constraint. The essence of the extraposition can be interpreted without solely grounds of the complex syntactic constituents or the discourse-new/old structures. In other words, in order to achieve a speaker's desired result to put an emphasis on a main predicate, he or she employs the rise of pitch on the main predicate, thereby extraposing a sentential subject.

영어 수업 컨설팅 관점에 관한 연구: 코퍼스 분석을 중심으로

김나유 ( Kim Nayu ) , 이희철 ( Lee Heechul )
대한언어학회|언어학  25권 3호, 2017 pp. 93-112 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
The aim of this study was to research English class consultants’ points of view by analyzing corpus data from cases of English classes. To investigate it, this study conducted quantitative research by analyzing corpus data from 103 reports (30,953 tokens, 8,922 types) written by consultants who had monitored English classes, and qualitative one by reviewing thirteen cases from each report. This research found that the consultants focused more on student’s behavior and activity than teachers’ one, and paid more attention to the aim of the class rather than students’ learning strategies on process of whole class. Moreover, the consultants placed much value on student’s learning motivation, and gave student’s confidence and will of participating in class much weight. In addition, time management was regarded as a significant component in organizing class by the consultants. On the dimension of four skills activities, the consultants presented specific improvement of reading instruction, but introduced vague and abstract direction of speaking and writing instruction to the teachers. The findings of this research imply that the viewpoint of consulting class needs more to include teachers’ behavior, student’s strategies, flexibility of time management and specific ways to innovate speaking and writing instruction.

최근 최소주의에 입각한 고대영어와 현대영어 어순 차이의 통합적 설명

김대익 ( Kim Daeik )
대한언어학회|언어학  25권 3호, 2017 pp. 113-132 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
The aim of this paper is to give an explanatory account of the differences in word order between Old English (OE) and Present-Day English (PE) in terms of the labeling algorithm advocated in Chomsky (2013, 2014). It has been argued in recent proposals that, with VO order in the main clause, OE exhibits OV or VO order in similar proportion in subordinate clauses where previous accounts considered only OV order to be a basic order. Given this revision, I propose that the differences in word order between OE and PE be attributed to the merge type in VP (VP-NP merge in OE vs. V-NP merge in PE), the difference in the number of the phases (monophase CP in OE vs. CP and vP phases in PE), and the status of feature inheritance (no feature inheritance in OE vs. feature inheritance in PE) when the label of the merge {X,Y} is determined in the labeling algorithm where sub-algorithms, such as minimal search and feature sharing, are activated.

동화 기반 · 활동 기반 연어 지도가 초등학생의 연어 습득에 미치는 영향

박청아 ( Park Chunga ) , 홍선호 ( Hong Sun-ho )
대한언어학회|언어학  25권 3호, 2017 pp. 133-151 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
초록보기
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of story-based and activity-based collocation instruction on collocation acquisition and affective domain of elementary fourth graders. The results of this study were as follows. Firstly, both experimental groups had significant improvement in collocation recognition and recall, but there was no significant differences between two groups. Secondly, experimental group 1 showed more positive effects on learning motivation, interest, confidence compared to experimental group 2. It is, therefore, necessary to enhance the awareness about the importance of collocation instruction and develop various collocation instruction methods and learning activities to acquire collocation more effectively.

한국어와 카자흐어의 감정표현 관용구 비교연구

아이게림 ( Belyalova, Aigerim )
대한언어학회|언어학  25권 3호, 2017 pp. 153-171 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
초록보기
Kazakh and Korean languages are typologically agglutinative languages and they are in the family of Altaic languages. So, systematically they have many syntactic and morphologic similarities. Based on these facts, the purpose of this study is to present the homogeneity and heterogeneity between the two languages through the comparison of Idiomatic Phrase which express emotions using human body parts. In this thesis after the reviewing previous research on Idiomatic Phrase they are categorized into five main emotional groups. They are joy, sadness, love, anger, and fear. An Idiomatic Phrase that uses a part of the human body describes not simply a body part, but also presents a variety of human emotions, actions, and lifestyles through it. I hope this study will be a starting point for many further studies of Idiomatic Phrase of the Korean and Kazakh languages.

새로운 한국어 존대 종결 어미 사용 양상

안정근 ( Ahn Jeong Khn )
대한언어학회|언어학  25권 3호, 2017 pp. 173-192 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
This study examines new forms of honorific final ending which have emerged in recent years in Modern Korean such as ‘-ta-yo’, ‘-haca-yo’, and ‘-ha-si-keyss-supni-ta.’ ‘-ta-yo’ is mostly used by young girls as an honorific final ending towards the adults, particularly the intimate ones including their parents and teachers. It is often used by their female teachers as well towards the intimates as a linguistic mechanism to lessen the awkwardness when they boast of something or try to become more intimate relation with them. ‘-haca-yo’ is generally used by young adults particularly on SNS (Social Network Service) when they ask, advise, recommend, or suggest others on the Net to do something together. ‘-ha-si-keyss-supni-ta’ is used usually by a person in authority in places such as school and church when he/she encourages, asks, advises, or recommends others to fulfill a promise or commands. As indicated, these new forms of honorific final ending in Modern Korean are exclusively used by some particular groups, i.e. ‘-ta-yo’ by young girls and their teachers, ‘-haca-yo’ by young adults, and ‘-ha-si-keyss-supni-ta’ by a person in authority, showing the politeness in language use towards others. They are often treated as wrong honorific final endings in Korean but there still is a possibility or potential for them to become right honorific ones sometime in the near future as witnessed in other Korean words such as ‘sakulsey’ (monthly rent) once treated as a wrong word but finally acknowledged to be right ones.
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