George Eliot wanted to offer a serious interpretation of life. To instruct her readers, she used the method of preaching and showing examples, presenting not morally perfect characters but ordinary human beings liable to error. And her sympathy for common things developed into her love for others. This paper is aimed to study the reciprocity of the individual and society in Silas Marner. Individuals are inescapably social beings shaped by their own actions, but shaped, too, by the pressure of the society in which they live and its history. From Spinoza, Wordsworth and Carlyle, she derved a pantheism in which God is immanent in the laws of nature and the mind of man. But denying the existence of God, she believed only in the right and wrong of human beheviour. Also George Eliot thought that human relationships were interwoven like a web, and it was inevitable for one`s actions to influence others. George Eliot`s punishment and rewards for characters are all for social betterment: virtue should be accepted as a good seed and vice should be rejected as an evil seed. George Eliot reached the conclusion that members of society have duties towards others, and that self-repression and even self-sacrifice are necessary for human happiness and social betterment. Of course, in Silas Marner, these come about through the agency of Love and fellowship. In conclusion, I think that her moral didacticism is projected in her works as self-discipline, a severe sense of duty, and the acceptance of retributive justice. I believe no novelist before her had so consciously and conscientiously tried to convey the inter-relatedness of social life-or the changing nature of individuals and their relationships.