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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

현대영어영문학검색

Journal of The English Language and Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-7620
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학연구 → 현대영어영문학
논문제목
수록 범위 : 46권 1호 (2002)
6,400
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The choreopoem is the significant theatrical strategy of Shange that combines poetry, chant, song and dance. It is distinctly African-American heritage and cultural reality which arouses an emotional response in an audience. Shange`s presentation of this form show her artistic and political goal of defining her own identity. One of Shange`s dramaturgy is a rejection of standard English. Language has been used as the most powerful tool to maintain the dominate ideologies. Shange rejects white standard English intentionally. She wanted to attack and maim the language that she was taught to hate herself. She uses black vernacular by creating her own rules of capitalizations, punctuation, word order and syntax. for colored girls who have considered suicide/ when the rainbow is enuf is her representative play. A collection of twenty poems, songs and narratives for colored girls represents a communal act in which seven women, arrayed in all the colors of the rainbow, take up their roles, celebrate their joys and share their losses. Each perfomer is only identified by a color. An interesting fact is that in the rainbow indigo is replaced by brown. The color of brown symbolizes the skin tone of black people and also relates the anguish of colored people. They had to face various violent situations such as a rape, abortion, loneliness, rejection and domestic violence. Rape and abortion are the most painful and traumatic examples of women experiences. Ironically, they are suffering physical and mental pain of the violent situation and the emotional hurt of the victimization they experienced. Even though Shange attacks the violent behavior of some black men, she points out women`s own responsibility for their suffering at the same time. Shange also said that women should have a self-confidence. In "no assistance" women don`t want to be dependant on men`s assistance or guidance. Shange also defies the notions of sexuality and virginity. In "graduation nite", she recognizes that sexual awakening is empowering, and considers sexual experience as a powerful initiatory ritual for the female. Sexuality need not be shameful or hidden, it should be celebrated according to Shange. Other counter-hegemonic ideas of Shange`s play are singing and dancing. Music or singing is considered as a second language of survival for black people. Dancing is one of the cultural realities for balck people. In "sechita", black night club dancer sechita is represented by Shange from the changing image of a prostitute to a goddess of creativity. "a nite with beau willie brown", is the most controversial story in this play. It deals with wife beater who drops his two children out of the fifth floor window because his girlfriend crystal refuses to marry him. In the end, "a laying on the hands", has all characters holding hands and singing together. They are unified by shared experiences and speak of self-love and sisterhood. The symbolic image of unification, the rainbow, which comes after a storm, connotes the possibility of women`s power and discovers the beauty within themselves.

제보적 의문문의 문장강세

송석만 ( Suck Man Song )
5,600
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This study is to examine the formal and pragmatic principles which govern the placement of sentence accent in information questions. It is presumed that the relevant principles cohere with the theory of information structure of the information question at the time of an utterance. This theory concerns the morphosyntactic and prosodic encoding of the topic, focus and activation statuses of referents in discourse. The placement of sentence accent depends on the three kinds of pragmatic presuppositions, namely, knowledge presupposition, consciousness presupposition, and topicality presupposition, which correspond to different kinds of assumptions a speaker may have with regard to the addressee`s state of mind at the time of an utterance. Information questions present a challenge to a theory of information structure. Their prosodic structure cannot be described in terms of the function that is ordinarily attributed to sentence accent, namely focus marking. In order to understand the problem of information question prosody, we need to understand the function of sentence accent in general (Ladd 1978, Selkirk 1984, Rochemont 1986). And we also need to acknowledge the three types of focus-articulation: argument focus, predicate focus, and sentence focus (Lambrecht 1994). Information questions have idiosyncratic prosodic properties: they require the marking of topic rather than focus status, but they permit the prosodic marking of focus in different contexts. At the same time, information questions appear to inherit general prosodic properties: an account of the placement of sentence accent in information questions requires reference to general principles which are also invoked by the declarative constructions.

영어의 아동음절습득과 자음동화

이기석 ( Ki Suk Lee )
6,200
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This paper examines children`s early word data from Winitz and Irwin (1958), Weir (1962) and Ingram (1978) in order to survey their syllable types. Following this is the analysis of children`s syllable structure by observing their phonological development in such phenomena as the deletion of the coda and the addition of the onset, concluding that the markedness of syllable types increases in the order of CV, CVC, VC and V. Based on the syllable structure, this paper attempts to give an account of children`s consonant harmony by referring to their strong preference for a more unmarked prosodic structure and also to the characteristics of an acoustic feature `grave`, resulting in the significant difference in the frequency of children`s regressive assimilation between the coronal-to-velar and the labial-to-velar.

에밀리 디킨슨의 시간관과 죽음에의 동경

이미선 ( Mi Seon Lee )
5,900
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Emily Dickinson`s poetry is characterized in its compressed form and elaborate style. This kind of poetic quality is enforced with Dickinson`s very private and limited point of view. Here the phrase, private or limited, doesn`t mean that Dickinson`s poetry is confined to her consciousness of her own world. Her sight always penetrated into a deeper world around and beyond her surroundings. She was invariably concerned with the tension and conflict between time and life. Dickinson`s consciousness of time is one of the main themes in her poems. For Dickinson, time represents the limits of human beings and it destroys all of human values. Time also causes a thorough impossibility in human recognition. Dickinson presents death as a counterpart of time. She expresses death as having a role of delivering human consciousness out of time limits. And death is the sole passage for limited beings to escape from being mortal into immortal. Death, therefore, is indivisible with immortality, and time eternity. We can infer from her poems that Dickinson thought eternal time is timeless. Getting into the realm of timelessness, consciousness is to given a lasting life and ability. The poems in regard with time and death contain her deep concern of enlarging human conditions both in reality and in consciousness. To appreciate the relationship of time-death-eternity, therefore, is the first step into Dickinson`s world.

컴퓨터 보조 언어학습(CALL)과 자연언어처리

이창인 ( Chang In Lee )
6,000
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This paper aims to explore the connection between CALL(Computer-Aided Language Learning) and ICALL(Intelligent Computer-Aided Language Learning). For the exploration of this study, some characteristics, history, pros & cons and types of CALL are summarized and the parsing process from morphological to semantic phase is explained with a simple English sentence in the first and second part of the paper, respectively. As we can see from parsing procedure, ICALL programs prerequisite the solution of knowledge representation problems and some parsing problems caused from ambiguity, reference, repetition, and parsing grammar, etc.

유진 오닐의 『백만장자 마르코』: 동양사상 읽기

조용재 ( Yong Jae Cho )
5,300
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Orientalism, for Eugene O`Neil, is the most important and distinctive aspect of his art. He did considerable reading in Oriental philosophy and religion, and Terry Carline, mentor preaching a philosophy combining Nietzsche with the wisdom of the East, introduced Light on the Path to him, which enabled him to develop the wisdom and the mysticism of orientalism and the transcendental philosophy. In his search to replace a lost faith, Catholicism, he tried "the mysticism of the East". It was China and Lao Tse and Chuang Tse that fascinated him first. In 1937 he built a mansion and named it "Tao House". It was his final home and harbor. His Oriental backgrounds are Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, and Confucianism. The world of his tragedies is that of mysticism based on these Oriental thoughts and religions. The relevance of Marco Millions to Taoist thought is quite apparent in the play`s theme and structure. Dramatically, the Eastern philosophy of calm intuition and mysticism is contrasted with Western assertive action and rational practicality. He contrasted either the simplicity and the beauty of man`s natural instincts with the artificial materialism of his society. He contrasted, also, serene spiritualism of the East and the destructive materialism of the West. The conflict is epitomized in the love story involving the Occidental Marco Polo, corresponds to yang, the masculine, rational and active principle, and Princess Kukachin, who is feminine, passive, and spiritual, corresponds to the yin The relationship between her and him dramatizes the polarity of the conflict between East and West. The monistic Taoist influence on the play, also, extends to O`Neill`s portrait of Kublai Khan. In his attachment, the Khan violates Taoist precepts urging abstinence from relationship with anything but the Tao. And Chu Yin, the Khan`s advisor remains unperturbed, and consistently maintains the detachment of the Oriental sage. The Taoist connection of life to dream―also a belief of Hinduism and Buddhism―appears in Kukachin`s poetic lament preceding her final departure from Maco. The final scene of the play bring together the Taoist motifs of complementary polarities and life`s illusory nature. O`Neill`s thought on the base of Orientalism is that all men`s hopes are pipe dreams, illusions of Maya, source of all life, and man`s goal is a mystical experience resembling that of Nirvana, the discovery of meaning through the transcendence of all hopes and self illusions. In reality, O`Neill, through Marco Millions, suggests a vision to our life, a harmony united by larger cosmic cycles, between East and West, yin and yang, materialism and mysticism, change of phenomena and preservation of essence, practical experience and intuitive wisdom.

전문대학 교양영어 교육에 대한 실태 연구: 대전지역을 중심으로

주양돈 ( Yang Don Ju )
6,000
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This paper aims at analyzing the management situation of English program for liberal arts in junior colleges in the Daejeon area and analyzing students attitudes toward the English program they took. For the study, four instructors and 425 college students from four junior colleges in Daejeon were given questionaires in order to get the data. The result revealed as follows: 1) Fifty one percent of the subjects were not satisfied (very unsatisfied and mostly unsatisfied) with the English class for liberal arts and the difference of the degree of satisfaction from each college students were significantly different. 2) The surveyed students whose majors were social studies, engineering, arts and physical education preferred English conversation (listening and speaking) class (30%) for their liberal arts, however, the students majoring in nursing and health preferred practical English for their majors. 3) Most of the students complained of big class sizes and wanted to divide the students into smaller groups. 4) The colleges don`t have effective management sytems of English program for liberal arts. The paper suggests that improved organization for the English program is required in order to arrange the budget and manpower for the effective management of the program. The big classes should be divided into smaller groups and the class division should be done based on the students levels. Various kinds of courses for English should be offered for the students to choose. The text should be well chosen or designed for the student-oriented and task-based lessons. The class should be more focused on improving students communicative ability.
12,700
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This study explores that care and sympathy presented in Wordsworth`s "The Ruined Cottage" can be valued as an ecofeminist environmental ethics. Focusing on the emotional extension of the pedlar`s care and sympathy from Margaret to the natural environment around the ruined cottage, this study shows that the poem portrays not only the oppression of woman and nature but also the liberation of both. Wordsworth`s simultaneous concern with Margaret and nature, this study hopes to suggest, enables readers to see that Wordsworth denied the oppositional dualism which subjugates women and the nonhuman into men and the human. Referring to some ecocritical readings and readings and Wordsworth`s revising process of "The Ruined Cottage," this study proposes that any reading of the poem should give much attention to Wordsworth`s identification of Margaret with nature. Ecocritics have tended to discuss the vitality of nature without any serious consideration of Margaret`s suffering, and some readers that have problematized Wordsworth`s revisions of the poem have argued against the poem for its incoherency or its seemingly non-political viewpoint. This study, however, argues that Wordsworth`s identification of Margaret with nature leads readers to observe the otherness of the other. The pedlar`s self-reflective meditation on Margaret suggests that Margaret and nature are not the absolute Other, but the relational others that participate in the formation of his subjective tranquility. "The Ruined Cottage" allows readers to criticize an anthropocentric and androcentric logic of domination that is bound to defend the dualistic belief that the self is separate and atomic. The pedlar`s care and sympathy show that such belief is concerned with a patriarchal value-hierarchical thinking that makes it possible to produce the domination of woman and the domination of nature. Within the frame of oppositional dualism, the self is always considered as superior, and the other as inferior. The oppositions of the human and the nonhuman and of men and women always work in this patriarchal conceptual frame. Even though his perception is imprisoned in this frame, the pedlar observes Margaret and nature being liberated from the oppressive thinking and finds his self indebted to the others. Attempting to erase the boundary between the self(human beings/men) and the other(nonhuman beings/women), Wordsworth suggests that any human or nonhuman individual is part of an ecological community.

ASIANZATION OF ENGLISH OR ENGLISHIZATION OF ASIAN LANGUAGES ?

( Chin W. Kim )
5,800
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Phin-feature Specification and Anaphoric Dependency

( Gunsoo Lee )
5,900
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