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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

현대영어영문학검색

Journal of The English Language and Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-7620
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학연구 → 현대영어영문학
논문제목
수록 범위 : 46권 3호 (2002)

『누구를 위하여 종은 울리나』에 나타난 실존주의적 자아 인식

김인영 ( In Young Kim )
5,500
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This paper explores Hemingway`s existential individualism in For Whom the Bell Tolls that is based on the interdependency of human beings because the individual cannot become human by himself. For existentialists, an individual is never isolated from the others; yet he as an authentic form of true being commits himself to the action and takes responsibility of his own decision. For the individual who commits himself to the action, his whole existence depends on his decision at the present moment. Even though his existence should remain in the relationship with the others, the only way with which the individual stands against nothingness of the universe is to commit himself to the action. Hemingway as an existential writer presents Robert Jordan who appears as a "functionary" to complete his mission to destroy a bridge in Spain. Yet Jordan witnesses the voidness of the world at war and finds himself lost without any exit to escape from the world. His sexual relationship with Maria, however, gives him an insight of the significance of "now" as well as the possibility of individual salvation through his sexual relationship with Maria. As Jordan realizes that life is made up of infinite sequence of "now" and that he should commit himself to action at the present moment, he decides to sacrifice himself and confront death when his leg is broken. This decision is made not only for the guerilla including Maria to escape from the chase of the Fascist but for himself because he realizes that there is only one way of assuring his existence: a fully committed action against death. Hemingway in the novel emphasizes that the individual should value the present moment which gives the possibility of personal salvation from the voidness of the universe and that he should commit himself to action with his own will. Hemingway`s hero therefore becomes a man who gains his authenticity of being and whose existence is in the action.

자질기반의 전치사구 결속

박강희 ( Kang Hee Park )
5,500
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This paper aims at the modification of reflexivization rule by adding the concept like major constituent of main verbs direct argumentative area. The function of preposition is different according to the direct argumentative relation with a main verb and PPs has the feature [Mod(ified)]. By this point of view, Id like to suggest that preposition have the feature, P[Pred] or P[Arg], and especially, PP with the feature [Pred] have the feature [Mod]. Also I specify the binding of reflexives in PPs. Preposition with [Mod] is not involved in the direct argumentative area, of main verb. In result a reflexive in PPs beyond a direct argumentative area, a reflexive in NP and Korean reflexive in PPs are not coindexed with the direct argument of main verb, instead, pronominal element appears in that place and should be coindexed.

햄릿: Scourge and Minister

서길수 ( Kil Soo Suh )
5,600
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In any Shakespeare`s play we can see the action which triggers the complications of the plot. In his early tragedies, Shakespeare dealt with vice which represented the inevitable evil force in the world. In particular, the problem of evil, as his greatest concern, is represented through various shapes in his plays. The problem of evil, associated with Machiavelli, is addressed in Hamlet. Not only is Claudius a traitor, he has also married Hamlet`s mother, a marriage Hamlet regards as incestuous. Claudius is Shakespeare`s imaginative projection of the new species of man, with a new order of conscienceless unconscionable greed and self-seeking. Hamlet thus focuses on the evil that results from a lust for power and lustful instincts in life. Hamlet`s weakness may be that he `thinks too much` and cannot make up his mind. His sensitivity and noble qualities lead to his downfall. Not until the final moments of the play does he finally kill Claudius. He can simultaneously accomplish his own deepest purpose. Even if Hamlet was written during Shakespeare`s age, its characters are still valid during our time.

『유령선』의 탈식민주의적 읽기

손홍일 ( Hon Geal Sohn )
5,600
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The relationship between postcolonialism as a critical discourse and African American literary studies has been complicate and often attenuated. One of the reasons is that some aspects of the African Americans` historical experience do not correspond to those of other Third World peoples. Another reason is that postcolonial discourse as practiced by current well-known scholars shows a tendency of universalization, which refuses to recognize local differences. Nevertheless, there has been a long history of "internal colonialism" approach to the African American experience. Partly because of this, scholars now pay increasingly more attention to the potentiality of grafting postcolonialism to the study of African American literature. LeRoi Jones is generally regarded as the leading figure in the Black Arts Movement. The Movement can be seen as the peak of the "inner colonialism" approach to the African Americans` historical experience and cultural practices. The Movement was sparked by Jones` calling for Black Revolutionary Theater, which emphasized contribution to black liberation through functional and committed are. Jones` Dutchman was written and produced just before he started the crusade and, thus, warrants a postcolonial reading. The interaction between the white woman Lula and the black man Clay in Dutchman can be read as an enactment of the "imperial gaze" and accompanying "conversion" and "mimicry." The imperial gaze carries authority and power which make the colonial subject powerless. Conversion in colonial context refers to the process whereby the colonized appears to accept the imperial view, values, and cultural expectations. Homi Bhabha introduced the concept of mimicry to foreground the feeling of resistance concealed in conversion and its subversive potential. In their interactions, Lula assumes the invulnerable position of the imperial observer that affirms the binary structure of power, offering reward and punishment to Clay according to his response to her demands.

영어학습 성취도 예측인자 검증

안정영 ( Jung Young Ahn )
6,000
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The purpose of this study is to examine if any of these anxieties have any decisive factor influencing on the third graders in high schools, and, if any, what kinds of factors they have. The subjects of this study were the third year students of one boys` high school, two girls` high schools, and one co-ed high school which are located in Daejeon metropolitan city and Chungnam Province. The subjects are total 300. The results are as follows; only FLCAS proved to be a predictive factor. This shows that just English learning anxiety influences decisively the students preparing for the SAT.

『성 아그네스 전야』 ("The Eve of St. Agnes") 의 화자 역할과 시적 진행 구조

오호진 ( Ho Jin Oh )
5,600
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This study aims to discuss the relationship between the narrator`s roles and the process of story in John Keats`s `The Eve of St. Agnes`. The narrator plays various roles in some dramatic scenes. With these roles, he leads readers to the correct understanding of the poem dramatically. He is an ironic narrator who imposes varying degrees of perspective on the story being told in the poem. Sometimes he may choose the posture of remaining largely invisible in many scenes of telling the story of this poem and may appear speaking in his own voice, and may make the story a reflection of his personal narratives. In other words, the narrator directly tells his own opinions on some situations of the poem to readers or characters, and also begs something of them. He gives some advices and maxims on its events to them. He prays to come true the same dreams with main characters, and shares some desires with readers. In conclusion, he shall be a main character, a reader, a main event, and a poet himself. These various roles of narrator make this poem be a dramatic one having the themes of relationship between the ideal love and the real love, the ideal world and the real world.

Hawthorne 의 상징적 아이러니

이기정 ( Ki Jeong Lee )
5,800
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It is true that the symbolic representation has an important artistic meaning in Nathaniel Hawthorne`s works. Through symbols or imageries, he understood almost everything around him and expressed them in his works. It seems that he could not disconnect between his ideas and symbolic objects because he thought that appearance of things are not all the reality, which may not be seen outwardly. The starting point for the plot of his works comes from his ideas, which are repeated, expanded, and revised through external evidences. In other words, Hawthorne often reveals ambiguously the spirits of the characters through numerous symbols expressed contrastively so that the interpretation of his symbolic expressions are also various. Although many critics has studied the symbolic expression in Hawthorne`s works so far, their interpretation is nothing but a traditional one or a merely help to distinguish between the author`s allegory and symbolism or separate them. However, Hawthorne`s symbols do not have their one meaning but can be frequently interpreted as reverse to traditional meanings. Therefore, Hawthorne`s symbols are combined or doubled with ironies, which make one of Hawthorne`s peculiar artistry. This study is to examine how Nathaniel Hawthorne`s symbols and ironies are mixed or doubled in his works, focusing on five tales including "Young Goodman Brown," and two romances, "The Scarlet Letter" and "The House of the Seven Gables."

하이퍼텍스트 소설 : 문학의 새로운 가능성을 향하여

한상수 ( Sang Soo Han )
5,900
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In 1992, Robert Coover declared(I`d like rather to say "dared to" declare) in a book review whose title was "The End of Books" that the print medium, a doomed and outdated technology was destined soon to be consigned forever to "those dusty unattended museums we now call libraries." In addition, he also trumpeted a brave new future for fiction, the so-called hypertext fiction, informing the readers that the traditional novel, as we know it, has come to its end and would be replaced by the former. After his daring exclamation, hypertext fiction became one of the major subjects for discourse in literary society. This paper deals with the possibility for a new literature, on the basis that within 2020 will come a new age in which even the equivalent of a computer workstation of today might cost only a few hundred dollars. If the future will be like this, no one can expect literature to be the same as the currently read and written printed books. Definitely, literature will be changed, whatever it will be. First, In this paper I have placed an emphasis on the co-relatedness of postmodernism and hypertext fiction. I agree absolutely with George P. Landow`s assertion that hypertext embodies many of the ideas and attitudes proposed by postmodernists, such as Barthes, Derrida, Foucault, and others.(Landow 73) Second, I have analyzed Michael Joyce`s afternoon, a story and Darren Bleuel`s Gav and Peloso`s Interactive Story as representative exploratory and constructive hypertexts. Finally, I asserts that some preparations for the coming of a new kind of literature should be made immediately, even though I don`t think hypertext fiction will be the ultimate form of literature.

Matthews 의 언어적 은유분석에 관하여

홍승욱 ( Seung Wouk Hong )
6,200
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This paper is to investigate Matthews` linguistic theory (1971) along with his criticism by Horrocks(1976), followed by my view. According to his two adequacy requirements, Matthews analyzes his metaphors linguistically. As his conclusion, he suggests (ⅰ) that a selectional restriction violation (deviance) is a necessary and sufficient condition, and (ⅱ) that it de-emphasizes the features which figure in its violation as well as those other features most closely associated with it. Horrocks (1976) rejects his two suggestions. He insists that Matthews` deviance can`t be necessary but sufficient, and that a deviance can be just as emphatic in the interpretation of metaphor. Here, I suggest that there can be no difference between semantic and pragmatic features, and that, by a speaker`s intention, any feature can be emphatically used.

양보와 다른 부사적 의미와의 관계

황인태 ( In Tae Hwang )
5,800
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`Concessive` is a general term for a clause which makes a concession, against which the proposition in the main clause is contrasted. That is, concession is, as one of the circumstantial meanings, the relation of meaning which can be observed when a preceding clause is followed by a clause which contains `unexpectedness`(`denial of expectation`), something opposite to the expectations and anticipations from the preceding clause. The concessive relation, however, can be described in at least three ways; first, as a specialized form of the conditional relation, or at least akin to it. In can also be seen as having affinities with cause. Further, it can be seen as a special form of the adversative relation. The present study attempts to elucidata the concessive relation from three perspectives, and also, based upon definiteness of the conditional meaning within the concessive clause, to classify and explain it as definite and indefinite.
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