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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

현대영어영문학검색

Journal of The English Language and Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-7620
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학연구 → 현대영어영문학
논문제목
수록 범위 : 55권 4호 (2011)

하디(Hardy) 시에 나타난 염세주의와 자애

김경순 ( Kyoung Soon Kim )
6,100
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Hardy shows his central vision of a universe governed by the purposeless movements of a blind, unconscious force that he called the Immanent Will. His poems reflect a profound sense of human loss and sorrow and convey the bitter ironies inflicted upon humans by the Immanent Will, the blind force that he felt drives the world, which makes critics call Hardy a pessimist. His pessimism derives from loss of faith in the benevolent, anthropomorphic God of Christian orthodoxy. And also the loneliness and isolation of human beings cause Hardy`s pessimism. Hardy himself denied that he was a pessimist, calling himself a "meliorist," one who believes that the world may be made better by human effort. Beyond this mood of his poems which illustrate the perversity of fate and the disastrous or ironic coincidence, he presents the importance of altruism. charity and loving- kindness as a mean of ameliorating the human lot. The spirit of loving-kindness, Hardy advocates, should be the basis of all human relations. Much more suffering can be avoided and the human lot can be improved if we are kind and sympathetic to each other. So, Hardy is a real humanist or as he called himself, an evolutionary meliorist. (Woosuk University)

문학번역의 가독성 연구: 토마스 하디의 『더버빌가의 테스』를 중심으로

김명균 ( Myung Kyun Kim ) , 손중선 ( Joong Sun Sohn )
6,200
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The purpose of this paper is to look into the translation works of Thomas Hardy`s Tess of the D`urbervilles and find out how readability is fulfilled in them. For our analysis we chose five Korean translations of Thomas Hardy`s Tess of the D`urbervilles, which is famous for its main character`s tragic factors. We excerpted from the translation works comparable examples distinctively showing appropriate or inappropriate readability after translation of the source text. The examples include translation of terms of quantity, proper and non-proper names, proverbs, etc. in the source text. This paper suggests that the translator may choose either faithfulness or readability as a translation strategy but either one should not be sacrificed, and that readability is more important in translation and, whenever necessary, supplementary information can be and needs to be offered to the reader for better understanding of the source text. (Daegu University of Foreign Studies·Daegu National University of Education)

『시스터 캐리』에서 반여성적 환경과 여성의 정체성 추구의 문제

민경택 ( Kyung Taek Min )
6,200
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This article aims to analyze the problems of the anti-feminist environment and search for women`s identity in Sister Carrie. In his most works, Theodore Dreiser usually uses large cities as an important spatial setting to represent poor conditions for human beings to live in. He especially creates an anti-feminist environment by using Chicago and New York in Sister Carrie. There are huge dreams, lusts, and vanities being wanted by people in these cities. Though she has an unquenchable strong desire for material goods such as luxury clothes and adornments, Carrie cannot gratify her thirst because of her poverty and humble situation. She enjoys the benefits of wealth offered by Drouet and Hurstwood, but she gradually attempts to be independent from them by using her acting talents on the stage. She is transformed into the subject of desire from the object of desire. Even though it is not perfect, in the end, she acquires her identity through overcoming various anti-feminist obstacles revealed in the cities and the distorted opinions of male characters and the narrator which are concealed skillfully in naturalism. (Chungnam National University)

『마지막 주문』: 역사의 카니발적 재구성

박금희 ( Geum Hee Park )
6,300
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Graham Swift tries to assess christianity-oriented, ruling class-centered and patriarchal aspects of history and the main values supporting it in one of his best novels, Last Orders. He thinks that such values have been overestimated, focusing on or defending only the interests of the ruling groups while the world is changing radically, and so they need to evaluated in different perspectives. Thus, he chooses people belonging to lower-middle class as his main characters and reevaluate important socio-political ideas through them, such as Christian and patriarchal ones about death and family in their positions. Their jobs are a butcher, a used car dealer, an insurance salesman, an undertaker and a grocer. The travel from Bermodsey to Margate to keep a promise with late Jack makes them visit some historic places and think what history means in their real life, which, correctly speaking, shows how history intervenes and influences common people`s life. Swift does such things by describing the generation conflicts between Jack and his adopted son Vince through many devices, such as monologues, stream of consciousness, and dialects. Above all, he composes their conflicts humorously and carnivalesquely as Rabelais and Dickens, which the existing hierarchy of socio-political values is showed reversely and lets us reestimate history in different social positions. (Chonnam National University)

원어민 영어 수업에 대한 초,중학생들의 만족도 조사

박은수 ( Eun Soo Park )
6,000
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There have been different views on whether the native teachers of English are the best language teachers. Studies on the effectiveness of native English teachers, their self-perceptions, or performance, have only been conducted recently. A neglected, but essential, viewpoint on this issue comes from students themselves. Therefore, the present study investigated the students` satisfaction about English classes taught by native speakers of English. A total of 658 students (393 males and 263 females) were surveyed. The subjects included 241 students from elementary schools, and 417 students from middle schools. The questionnaire was developed by focusing on three areas: the students` satisfaction about learning experiences in class, the students` satisfaction with instruction, and the students` satisfaction about achievement. The results revealed that the students` satisfaction about English classes taught by native speakers of English was relatively low. It can inferred that being a native speaker does not make one automatically a competent teacher of the language. It suggests more comprehensive consideration of native English teachers` pedagogical training and teaching skills. (Kyungnam University)

죽음에 대한 새로운 관점: 『아칸소의 곰』

양승주 ( Seung Joo Yang )
5,900
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This paper discusses how new perspectives on death are introduced in American society and related to social and cultural changes toward children in the history of American children`s theatre. This paper also discusses how characters show their responses and accept death in the Arkansaw Bear written by Aurand Harris, based on Elizabeth Kubler-Ross` five stage of grief: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. Harris`s play, not following all the five stages and not sinking into the stage of depression, moves toward a new direction that life and death can be connected through art, which shows the uniqueness of Harris as a playwright for children, rising above Kubler-Ross` psychiatry concerning death responses. By the device of play-within-a-play, Harris` play compares and contrasts adult`s and children`s view on death, and shows itself the justification for play`s own existence. This device helps Harris raise questions about the adult`s old view on death and stress the need of new perspectives through children`s eyes on death. (Koje College)

솔 벨로우의 소설에 나타난 도시/교외 공간의 미학

양현미 ( Hyun Mi Yang )
6,100
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This paper aims to examine how Saul Bellow presents the sub/urban space in his works. One of the most characteristics in Saul Bellow`s Novels is urbanism. Most of his protagonists have lived in Chicago and New York. Specially Chicago is the American melting pot, and Bellow`s own life there. These city lives accelerate the alienation and mental disorders of Bellow`s protagonists. These cities provide the battleground on which his protagonists struggle to find or hold on to their identity. Most of his novels including Herzog represents the contrast of urban and suburban space. The protagonist, Moses Herzog has suffered the identity crisis. While the urban space symbolizes the chaos of the protagonist, the suburban symbolizes the place of peace and rebirth such as Thoreau`s Walden. So Herzog intends to go out of the city and moves to Ludeyville, dreaming of his peaceful life. In Herzog the binary opposition of urban/suburban space, Chicago/Ludeyville, and Madeleine/Ramona represent. In Bellow`s novels, the city means the place of solitary and separation which Lehan argues as the characteristics of city. However, at the ends of Bellow`s novels his protagonists consider about coming back to their cities. Finally, they have affirmative attitudes of their lives, families, and their societies. Therefore, the city in Bellow`s novels is the place not of alienation but of reconciliation. (Joongbu University)

영어 강세이동에 대한 음성 실현 양상 연구: 단순 단어 강세 및 대조강세(접두사, 동사)를 중심으로

이남영 ( Nam Young Lee ) , 이은정 ( Eun Jung Lee )
6,400
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The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze stress shift on contrastive stress of prefixes, verbs, and word stress of English words. For the phonetic and phonological analysis of the actual stress phenomena, an experiment examining three English speakers and five Korean graduate students with stress placement of 32 English words has been conducted. Another purpose is to examine if Korean speakers can learn stress shift and investigate how to produce it in terms of fundamental frequency, intensity, and duration. In the case of type A, native speakers occurred stress shift of 90% in pitch(Hz), 73% in intensity(dB), and 37% in duration(m/sec). However, in the case of type A, Korean speakers made stress shift of 52% in pitch, 35.6% in intensity, and 12.9% in duration. In the case of type B, native speakers occurred stress shift of 83%, 69%, and 31.8% in each pitch, intensity, and duration. However, Korean speakers caused stress shift of 47.6%, 23%, 19% in each pitch, intensity, and duration. Finally, in the case of type C, native speakers made stress shift of 94%, 61%, and 27.5% in each pitch, intensity, and duration. Korean speakers caused stress shift of 61.5%, 36%, and 11.8% in each pitch, intensity, and duration. Therefore, this study suggests that Korean speakers need to learn the pattern of English rhythm with other activities in order to produce English more naturally and fluently. (Korea University · Konyang University)

장면층위 술어와 개체층위 술어의 존재 해석

이복희 ( Bok Hee Lee )
6,600
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This paper explores the role arguments and predicates play in determining the availability of an existential interpretation of a stative subject, one property distinguishing between the stage-level and individual-level behavior of predicates. It develops a theory of aktionsart in which quantization, the opposition of quantized and homogeneous structures, plays a central role in determining the aspectual behavior of stative predicates. It argues that the distinction between stage-level and individual-level states is determined compositionally, taking into account properties of the predicate, both verbal and adjectival, and its arguments. Pursuing an analogy between the availability of existential interpretation in states and telicity in events, I explore the possible role verbs in stative predicates play in determining the existential interpretation of their subject, ultimately arguing that there are no individual-level or stage-level verbs. (Catholic University of Daegu)

원어민영어교사 관리 및 정책 개발을 위한 델파이 연구

이종복 ( Jong Bok Lee ) , 전영주 ( Young Joo Jeon ) , 강경옥 ( Gyung Oak Kang )
7,200
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The purpose of this study is to explore the qualifications of NET in Korean classrooms perceived by the stakeholders such as English education theorists, practitioners and administrators. The methodology hired in this study is three step Delphi explained as follows: elicit essential expertise and abilities of native-speaking English teachers(NET) who are teaching English in public schools in Korea as grounds for setting up the direction of the policy of NET recruitment and management system. First, 24 experts in English education were selected and open questionnaires were distributed to investigate their professional opinions on the issue. Second, the result of open-questionnaires were structured into closed questionnaires. Third, the result of the second round of survey are further categorized with different rate of additional weights taking into consideration of participants` needs. Delphi Method was executed for investigating the professional and wide-range opinions of 24 experts group. After the survey questions are resulted from the Delphi panel, the questionnaires were distributed to 122 middle and high school English teachers. The required Elements for good NETs which had high level of approval and agreement among the panel through the three rounds of survey and pre-research were as follows: academic backgrounds; enthusiasm and readiness for good English class; awareness of the vocation as a teacher; and endeavors of lasting consistency for improving their teaching methods. (Mokwon University)
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