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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치


Journal of The English Language and Literature

  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-7620
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학연구 → 현대영어영문학
수록 범위 : 62권 3호 (2018)

The Two Sides of Portia in The Merchant of Venice

( Choi Dong-oh )
Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice is Shakespeare’s first comedy after he entered the ranks of the masters. The play has a few interesting elements for the readers: the funny scenes, the memorable characters, and the happy ending. This paper considers Portia as the most important character. Portia has the central position. She is related to all the characters, plots, and the whole issue. This paper argues that Portia has a complex character, and it traces the two sides of Portia’s character by examining the famous three scenes: the casket scene, the court scene, and the ring scene. Portia subjects herself to her dead father’s will, but she assumes male disguise and exercises her power over the male characters. The two sides of Portia’s character can be defined as the old image and the new image of woman. Portia shows that justice and mercy are equally needed to all human beings. Shakespeare seems to reveal, through the oppositions in Portia’s character, character as not a static but complex aspect of human nature. That Portia-of the sixteenth century-shows attributes of the modern woman proves Shakespeare’s superiority in reading human character. (Chungnam National University)

Poetry as/in Qualitative Research: Adapting Poetic Inquiry on Ethnographical Studies

( Hwang Yohan )
Over several decades, with a growing interest in the potential value of arts and literature among qualitative researchers, poetry that bears both aesthetic and literary nature has been broadly engaged in various research processes in many fields such as anthropology, communication, education, sociology, nursing, psychology, and social work. Through an in-depth review of the key scholars and (poet-) researchers who have used and written about the creation, implementation, and evaluation of poetry as a qualitative research method, this paper provides an explicit discussion of how a qualitative light is refracted through a Prism of Poetic Inquiry into the studies of human experience, emotion, voice and identity as well as how poetic inquiry reflexively spreads out into a process of data collection, analysis, and representation in a qualitative research tradition. Furthermore, this paper highlights the epistemological and phenomenological rays for cultural affordances of poetic inquiry in the work of ethnopoetics as a hybrid research method, which serves as a meeting plaza for poets, ethnographers and anthropologists. (Konyang University)

Peripheralization1 of Females in Frank Chin’s The Year of the Dragon

( Jeong Seo-in )
Frank Chin’s effort for constructing a new identity for Asian Americans, which for him was hyper-masculinity, has aroused huge polemics within Asian American scholarly discourse regarding gender, often being criticized for reinforcing and enlarging the already existing gender hegemony. This paper hopes to bring to light Chin’s play The Year of the Dragon by analyzing the playwright’s biased ideology in terms of gender, as much of the previous scholarly analysis on this play was mostly focused on model minority myth or the dispute between authenticity and fakeness of ethnicity. It explores how Chin’s endeavor to establish a masculine Chinese American identity through this play was made with the sacrifice of female characters. (Yonsei University)

Ellen Olenska as the Abject in Edith Wharton’s The Age of Innocence

( Lee Misun )
The purpose of this paper is to define Ellen as the abject and explain how she was abjected from New York society with Julia Kristeva’s theory of abjection. To explain why New York society considered Ellen as the other, this paper first tries to define what the word, ‘innocence’ meant in New York in the 1870s and then relate its meanings to other-ness and abjection. To New York where truth, personal opinions, imagination and difference were not allowed, Ellen Olenska returned from Europe seeking divorce and freedom from her unfaithful husband. She ignored the tradition, violated social codes, talked about the unpleasant truth, and associated with artists. She was the other which disturbed the system, order, and identity of New York society in the 1870s. Ellen as the other was about to endanger the social order which was based on marriages between families by way of becoming lovers with Newland Archer. He was in love with Ellen and planned to leave his wife, May who has pretended not to know about their passionate love. May told Ellen that she was pregnant even before it was certain in order to force Ellen to leave New York. At the farewell dinner party at May’s house, it became evident that the party was a rite of excluding the abject who disturbed the order. This process of exclusion of what disturbed the identity is abjection, and the isolated and excluded other is the abject. (Kyunghee University)

Eco-poetics in Whitman’s Sea Poems

( Lim Jin-a )
This study aims to read Whitman’s four major sea poems in the perspective of eco-poetics. Considering its etymological meanings derived from the ancient Greek terms and meaningful suggestions, eco-poetics is about overcoming division and seeking “a way of making a better place to live or for life itself with the other nonhuman being. One core concept for it is tallying. Seas and islands, where land meets water, and the part stands for the whole being, are the scenes of active tallying. Swamp, where decomposition and regeneration coexist, is another place of simmering co-work for survival. To Whitman, born and growing up in and around Long Island, seas are the place of his origin and renewal. With the swirling and flowing imagery, Whitman embodies tallying of eco-poetics in his major sea poems: “Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking” (1860), “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d” (1865-66), “As I Ebb’d with the Ocean of Life” (1860), and “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry” (1860). To achieve tallying in the poems, Whitman uses personification when conflicted with any limits and tries tallying by humility through self abnegation before nature. Descriptive narrative, where poet steps back and nature takes over the control, fulfills a core role of tallying in his major island poems. (Chungnam National University)
Some research indicates that extensive reading (ER) supports second language grammar and writing development. However, there is as yet limited research with adult English learners. Therefore, this research aims to evaluate the relationship between ER and the development of grammar knowledge and writing ability in post-secondary level EFL learners. The study addressed some limitations in previous research by providing access to a wider variety of books, including limited accountability and more teacher modeling. Korean postsecondary EFL learners engaged in ER over one semester. Their Grammar knowledge development was measured by gain scores from standardized pre- and post-tests of structure and written expressions. Essays were assessed using a rubric developed for EFL writers that included criteria for rhetorical organization, knowledge of lexis and idiomatic expressions, grammatical competence, mechanics, and register knowledge. Results were somewhat mixed. Pre and post grammar test comparisons revealed a significant difference in grammar knowledge. However, contrary to most prior research, all correlational results showed no significant relationship between the amount of time spent reading or number of words read and grammar knowledge gains or end-of-course essay grades. These findings suggest that using ER in a semester-long course for undergraduate EFL learners may not be enough to enhance their grammar knowledge development or writing ability. (Pusan National University)
This paper aims to read the media dominating world in Suzanne Collins’s famous novel The Hunger Games trilogy by the notion of Baudrillard’s simulation. Many critics already mentioned that The Hunger Games trilogy is filled with simulation, but there weren’t any essays delving deep into this subject; therefore, I try to seek more examples of simulation and analyze them, and also I push my discussion further to the problem of identity and the truth in this media dominating world. At first, this paper distinguishes that the world of the Panem, an imaginary country in the novels, is simulacra with thrown signs in light of Baudrillard’s analysis of the market economy and seduction. And then it examines how these signs serve the two different power groups, the government and rebels using media as a medium. Finally, this paper shows the effort of the main character, Katniss Everdeen, to survive in between these dominating groups. (Gyeongsang National University)