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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

문학교육학검색

KOREAN LITERATURE EDUCATION RESEARCH


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 기타제어문
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-487x
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 6권 0호 (2000)
5,400
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We know that life is social and historical. So, understanding of literature is a prelude of going the larger world. In this point, I want to say like this : literature education in modern age must be a self-realization. But literature has diverse meaning. We Knows that most literature work can`t have educational element. Education emphasize student`s innate ability, and what he learned from society. We can`t say that what students have is wholly reasonable. So literature education must be like this : we have to use all kinds of literature, modern and classic, Western and Eastern. In this point, I say that the percent of modern literature in literature education is too high. And we have to interpretate these works in new perspective. Most of all, new interpretation of classics in modernized perspective. But, I think it will be very difficult. To construct a new educational program will be more difficult. We need long time to perform this project. But it is very important that we certificate the important of this effort.

문학교육의 민족성과 세계성 / 제 1 부 - 세계화 논리와 문학교육 : 21C 문학교육의 전망

정재찬(Jae Chan Jung)
한국문학교육학회|문학교육학  6권 0호, 2000 pp. 49-76 ( 총 28 pages)
6,800
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I remember that Barthes emphasized the culture of amateur. I think that this shows the importance of reconstruction tof he connection between reader and writer in text production. When Barthes emphasized amateurism, he considered students as amateur. But who likes literature, he dosen`t want to remain at raw degree. But it is not the point. More important thing is that they really like it. They lively fall into the world. The most important thing in writing education is writing by oneself. But, in this place we have to understand the teenager`s character. To understand this, I would like to think about computer. We have to understand Why the teenager falling into computer. I think you`ve heard about Starcraft, the game which captured teenager. We can say that Starcraft was a syndrome. But we have to know the it is not a monologue but a dialogue. It is not a skill but a creation. It is the reason why they like it, The performing of genom project means that we can make another creation, and it will be a hybryd. But literature education always wants to be a pure thing. I think this difference shows our problem, why we have to change.
5,600
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This paper aims to explore literature education from the view point of National Literature Criticism First of all, several points of significance are examined related to literature education in general. I argue that literature is not appropriately educated in Korea mainly because it focuses exclusively on practical criticism based on literary texts only. That is to say, students have never been taken into consideration, who must play an active role in literature education. Thus, literature education fails to build dialogic communications between teachers and students. Instead, teachers forces certain literary theories to students unilaterally, which prevents students from developing critical reading. This is practically illustrated reviewing some literary texts in this paper. I suggest an alternative in which a value-oriented consciousness has specifically to be discussed in literature education particularly from the view point of National Literature Criticism. In order to do this, misunderstanding of National Literature Criticism, first of all, should be criticized Then I have tried to suggest an instructive image of National Literature on which literature education is desirably grounded. The characteristics of National Literature are scrutinized in terms of a literature aiming to create a desirable life of the people based on particular and concrete situations of the people. The relatedness of literature to reality and interests in life are discussed in detail. In this respect, it is illustrated that a socio-historical effectiveness of literature should be embodied in literature education by discussing literary texts. In particular, the cognitive aspect of language and its emotional affect is stressed in order to make a literature education total education of emotion discussing topics in humanities, society and history. The crisis of literature is openly debated at the present time. Therefore, a total reconsideration of literature education itself is strongly demanded at the moment, a partial response to the crisis is not enough at all. I have tried to build new literature education methodology to cope with the period of literature crisis in this paper.
6,700
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The Objective of literature education is to enhance the sensibility and awareness of the literary work. Further it aims to cultivate the self who is positively engage to the literary culture which is made through the production and reception of literary work. But the reality of literature education doesn`t content with the method and the practice. This monograph starts with the premise that literature education encourages the student to accepting the reality of life and heightening the quality of life. Through the basis of this premise, this monograph presents one way in imprinting the reality of life in literature education. Specially, the goal of literature education has to intent the formation of ethnic subject. For the purpose of this objective, it criticizes on literature education in aspects of relations with ethnic reality. And then, it designs the curriculum, discusses what is to be done in today`s literature education. This monograph is started from consciousness of crisis that members in korean nation is not to take hopeful view of life`s reality. In front of this reality, what the Literature and literature education is to do. One of answers in this question is that Literature and literature education can change the awareness of reality and the mate of life.
5,500
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The national emotion is traditional, but it is not a permanent racial characteristic. Among various emotions a specific one which represents national realties typically becomes the national emotion. Having same emotion, constituents of community have solidarity and cope with the situation. So national emotion is a historical substance. Literature is an important media that can spread national emotion and make constituents of community have strong ties emotionally. Korean folk song Arirang is a good example. All Koreans have been unified emotionally by Arirang throughout 20th century. Singing Arirang koreans struggled with foreign invasion and criticised national contradictions. Therefore in literature education it is important for learners to have experience of emotions which have represented national realties typically in national history. National emotion is not an object of knowledge. Learners must experience that, and become bearer of that in order to cope with realities actively and come into close relation with constituents of community.
5,700
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The aims of this article is to derive an aspect of conception and expression from the korean modern novels, and by that to speaks for our nation`s property towards conception and expression. In this process two participant factor was intervened, one is narrative another is authorship. The one is the question that what is the standard for distinguishing between universality and particularity, the other is the question that what select between individual(author) and mass as a source of national property. This article applicate a methodological term `inner form` to solve this problems. This article presents two possible form of `inner form` as a conception and expression, one is the language based in the power as a device of expressing oppositional value system, another is spacial imagination. By the one, the approach method for shaping a critical mind concerned with the korean language and national literature is realized. And the other organize the property of korean modern literature for by that korean literature is transferred not being separated with the history and reality of korean society.
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This paper focuses on the education of classical Korean poetry, especially the relationship between poetical expression and its national characteristics. There are a lot of factors which are concerned in the process of poetical expression in the classical Korean poetry. It is divided into four factors, so to speak a talent, a character, a knowledge, a practice. We have to consider the mutual relation of genres. A sphere of poetical expression has been enlarged in the process which specific genre is effected by other genres. For examples, the genres as a classical Korean poetry written by the Korean alphabet and classical Korean poetry written by a Chinese character control the method of express and subject matters. Hut they were connected in and provided new incentive each other. Therefore we can say that a sphere of poetical expression has been enlarged according as the inconsistent impulse which depends on or refuses a convention of genre. The continuity between classical Korean literature and modem Korean literature is the method which can understand the characteristic of Korean literature. To make clear the structural relationship in the poetical expression is the way to understand the flow of Korean literature. A rhythm, a structure of poetical idea and specific method of expression is the problem which is connected in classical Korean poetry and modern Korean, poetry each other.
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An Important recurring motif of the Korean early modern verses, Nim, is not only a poetic material but also an emotional structure reflecting the special historical situations and social experiences. This study aims to survey the development of Nim into an emotional structure and its backgrounds in terms of the establishment of the modern subject. The poems studied here are those that were written from the period of Enlightening Patriotism till the early 1920s. The poems of the period of Enlightening Patriotism have the distinctive features of excluding Nim purposely and putting in its place such ideas as independence, restoration of sovereignty and patriotic enthusiasm Nim is shown in the poems of the 1920s can be divided into three layers. First, Nim is a form of idea which reclarifies the undaunted will and optimistic vision towards enlighrening ideals, blocking up the agitation and despair of the subject. Second, there is a poetic trend in which Nim appears as an absent Nim Such poems chiefly deal with the anxiety and split of the self caused by the division and trouble between the world and the self. They play an important role in inquiring into the inner world of the modern self, but are exposed to sentimentalism. The failure of the 1919 Independence Movement amplified sentimentalism and disillusionment, and Nim became a literary shelter for self-pity. Third, Nim is an object of belief which makes it possible to face up to the oppressing social realities and endure the split self. Such type of Nim finally found itself the general emotion of the Koreans and remained as an important poetic ideal establishing the modern verses.
5,700
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The literary critics and philosophers of East-asia believed the being of beings that is tao, tathagata and li. Their stable attitudes come from belief on the universal truth. Everyone who lived in the East-asian world had the universal textbook which was valid to all creatures before 19th century. Wonhyo thought that saddarma pundarika sutra must be a best textbook of all mankind. he analyzed the structure, content and style of that sutra. Toege recommended close reading to his disciples. He apprehended the whole content of text first, and then analyzed every part of text next. He also took account of parts when he grasped the meaning in its totality and vice versa. He always thought non controversial being would be more important than controversial beings. Yonam compared the art of writing with the art of war. Like soldier who exercises to march in file, to attack and to defend, writer has to collect, arrange and compose materials unceasingly. Every writer has to make his writings fresh and rare by interrelating texture and structure like a general who has to make his soldiers active by interrelating concrete conditions in detail and whole situation. Zeami searched for flower which symbolizes uppermost enlightenment in his education of drama. Education of drama is not only problem of technique but also problem of mind for him. He who wants to be an actor has to do penance to make his own flower of enlightenment bloom in his inner mind. If someone wants to perform his part with brilliance, he should open his inner eyes. Reality(monomane) would be one of minimum essentials to education of drama. But good actors are supposed to master grace from natural experience. The flower means the egolessness state of mind. It needs docta ignorantia in other words "don`t know mind". To study literary education of East-asia, mutual cooperations in the East-asian level will be an unavoidable necessity for scholars and teachers to collect and arrange the data. Unfortunately, there have not been productive dialogues on this issue among the scholars and teachers in the field, and this resulted in the lack of interdisciplinary joint work in literary education of East-asia. We regard not only universality of East-asia but also differences of individual unit of East-asia as of great importance. There have been many articles which mix Zhu Xi with Yulkok. What is the difference between Zhu Xi and Yulkok? There are many scholars who cannot answer this question. The scholars who do not take a context of East-asian culture into consideration cannot make a distinction between creative idea and imitation. We do not want to rationalize particular phase of literary education in Korea through isolated nationalistic point of view but to contribute to making rich the method and scope of literary education in East-asia through its concrete research.
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Ⅰ. A brief historic review : the Chinese literature education began with Confucious and his long-standing tradition. China is a country with an ancient civilization, and has an age-old tradition of literature education. In the ancient China, poetry was not only the leading literature form, but also an important teaching material. As the first collection of Chinese poems, The boo of songs had once been the obligatory teaching material. Confucious, the great educator and teacher, thought highly of literature education. He had taught over 3,000 students, 72 of whom achieved greatly. It is thus obvious that as early as the 6th century BC Chinese people began to attach great importance to the literature education. Ⅱ. The present situation of literature education in Chinese schools : problems and turns for better 1. problems ⅰ. There is no independent literature course in the curriculums and literature education is always subordinate ⅱ. Putting emphasis on imparting knowledge and instrumental reason but understanding aesthetic education and cultivation of humanism ⅲ. A creative subject turning into examination - based skill learning 2. turning-points ⅰ. Literature education circles censure middle school education, bringing to the attention of the high-levels ⅱ. Language and Literature teaching reform emphasizing literary 3. The tasks of Chinese literature education ⅰ. Further perfecting Language and Literature education. ⅱ. Improving students` ability to appreciate and interpret literary works has become a task of top priority for Language and Literature teachers in middle school. ⅲ. Reforming the examination system, leading to the sound development of the literature education.
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