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> 미국소설학회 > 미국소설 > 18권 1호

미국소설검색

American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 18권 1호 (2011)

잭 케루악의 『길 위에서』: 타자화를 통한 백인 남성성의 재확립

권지은 ( Ji Eun Kwon )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 1호, 2011 pp. 5-28 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
초록보기
This paper discusses On the Road as an attempt of the white male to reinscribe his racial and sexual identities. The process of identity formation in the text takes the form of self-marginalization, in which the white-male individuals maintain a critical distance from society by associating themselves with marginal spaces occupied by Others. This self-marginalization from the center enables them to escape from socially-given identities, from domesticated masculinity to the too-much-civilized whiteness. By distancing themselves from society and the identities it entails, the white male protagonists strive to acquire a new form of genuine identity uncorruptible by the social order. This gesture of social criticism has led many critics to regard this text as a fundamentally dissenting gesture against American middle-class white values, embodying the true spirit of the Beat Generation. However, the problematic that On the Road reveals is that, in structuring his social critique, Kerouac reaffirms, if unwittingly, the discourses of mainstream America that the works so hard to undermine. This is most keenly felt in his identification with racial Others. Although he finds a powerful impulse against the post-war American society in racial marginality, he nevertheless ends up reinforcing the imperial gaze of white men on the colonized. More to the point, Kerouac`s imperialized description of Others is exactly the vehicle through which the white male protagonists can restate their individualist freedom in contrast to the confined Otherness. Given that, this paper aims to demonstrate that On the Road is, in an ultimate sense, less a socially dissenting text than an attempt to find an imagined solution to the problem of white male`s assailed identity.

미국 원주민 소설에 재현된 폭력과 기독교: 루이스 어드릭의 『사랑의 모약』중심 연구

김봉은 ( Bong Eun Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 1호, 2011 pp. 29-50 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
This paper focuses on the delicate relation between violence and Christianity represented in Louise Erdrich`s first novel Love Medicine. Although Erdrich often uses such Christian concepts as Easter, the convent, Catholic sisters and the saint, spreading violence over them, critics have hardly attempted to analyze them. That Erdrich constantly undermines and satirizes what is said in her text may have caused critics to avert from wrestling with controversial issues. Rene Girard in Violence and the Sacred explains that many scholars try not to tackle the religious elements while acknowledging their significance, for they do not want to encounter uncomfortable moments for the incomprehensible connection among Jewish justice, Christian mercy, original sin, redemption and rebirth. Girard`s theory that violence is the heart and soul of religion, which sanctifies violence imposed upon sacrificial offerings and thus helps the community stay in peace afresh illumines Erdrich`s intricate treatment of violence and Christianity in Love Medicine. The concrete examination of the Catholic convent, Sister Leopolda and the saint in the second chapter "Saint Mary" will show that Erdrich satirizes major Christian concepts to cleanse the latent anxiety, conflict, anger and guilt for the violence exercised under the Christian flag in American past.

현대 미국 흑인여성문학의 생태적 지평: 밤바라의 『소금먹는 사람들』과 치유공동체

박미선 ( Mi Sun Park )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 1호, 2011 pp. 51-73 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
With Alice Walker and Toni Morrison, Toni Cade Bambara has been acclaimed as one of the triumvirate of contemporary African American women witers emerging since 1960s. In The Salt Eaters (1980), Bambara explores the effects of African American civil rights movements on African Americans by tracing the historical changes within the movements. The novel identifies self-transformation and wholeness as the missing elements in the progressive movements of 1960s and the early 1970s. The novel also suggests that to achieve of the goals of African American political activism, African Americans have to respond to the new challenges of the last quarter of the 20th century, including increasing fragmentation, endangered environments, and the threat of nuclear contamination. In this article, I introduce a glocal perspective to Bambara scholarship by focusing on the ways in which Bambara connects the local and the global in The Salt Eaters. Providing a glocal reading of The Salt Eaters, I discuss how Bambara reflects African American political activism in the particular context of contemporary U.S. and then how she connects the particular experience of contemporary African Americans to environmental injustice and ecological consciousness which have both local and global dimensions.

월리엄 포크너 소설에 드러나는 몸의 탈영토화: 『팔월의 빛』을 중심으로

조동인 ( Dong In Cho )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 1호, 2011 pp. 75-97 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This study is to examine the meanings of deterritorialization of the body in William Faulkner`s novel, Light in August. Human bodies can be interpreted as organic matter containing their own confined realms in the physical world of phenomenon. However, the body of Joe Christmas in the text can be noticed to cross the boarders between the other and the subject, center and margin. His identity also saways between the black and the white without taking its own stable realm of being. His bloodline is not clearly revealed due to his unclear ancestry. But this ambiguousness of him can be positively interpreted as the mechanism to dismantle the establishment of center and margin, and the realms of the other and the subject. Joe`s castration by Percy Grimm is quite notable in the sense that his severed body symbolizes the deconstructed torso trespassing the line between normality and abnormality, reason and unreason. Joe`s body clearly seems to transgress the boundary of distinction or the differentiated realms of center and margin. The emasculation of his organ also signifies "the body without organs" which freely roams the chasm of borderlines. It is quite true that the fluid corpse of Joe Christmas comes and goes over the confirmed and confined spheres while subverting and deterritorializing settled recognitive frame of modem reasoning and consciousness.

동물 우화와 여성의 말하기: 『그들의 눈은 신을 보고 있었다』의 6장을 중심으로

최순근 ( Sun Geun Choi )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 1호, 2011 pp. 99-120 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
This paper analyzes Their Eyes Were Watching God, Zora Neale Hurston`s most famous novel, focusing on the process of Janie`s obtaining the power to speak out, by using ``oral tradition`` and ``speaking animals`` prevalent in Afro-American culture. As black women writers have attracted public attention, and methods of literary assessment have changed and varied, the works of Hurston have been reevaluated by recent authors and critics, after years of unfair critical evaluation. Published in 1937, Their Eyes Were Watching God has been misunderstood by a patriarchal and racist literary culture. Thus, it has been the center of both acclaim and criticism, because it is a novel about a black woman who has the ability to speak out in a white, male-dominated society. Unlike other contemporary black writers, Hurston shoved an ongoing interest in black folklore throughout her life, and her fascination with it was central to the main female character, Janie`s acquisition of the speaking ability. Most critics have thought that Hurston was ``sloppy`` to use Afro-American folk tales in this novel, thus they have disregarded Chapter 6, which is the most important section in Janie`s acquiring speaking ability. Despite Hurston`s portraying the seemingly primitive black life in the text, hover, Hurston subverts the surface text by using Afro-American folk tales and oral tradition. After Janie became familiar with the oral tradition of the black people, she gained the ability to use proper words in certain situations and the ability to thereby protest male chauvinism, as well as the boldness to criticize Jody, her second husband. In addition, Hurston used talking buzzards, very famous and frequently spoken in black folklore, as a means of signifying male authority. These features of Their Eyes Were Watching God subvert the widespread social belief of female weakness and so-called ``Primitive`` black culture, and allow Janie to achieve her confident voice as a woman at the same time. Zora Neale Hurston created a powerful female character, who can express her feelings and thoughts ``by speaking``, and point out men`s misunderstandings about women through her voice acquired by Afro-American folk tales and oral tradition.

Man on the Go: A Reading of "The River" and "The Displaced Person"

( In Soon Choi )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 1호, 2011 pp. 121-134 ( 총 14 pages)
5,400
초록보기
This paper offers a reading of the two stories from O`Connor`s first collection of "stories about original sin," "A Good Man is Hard to Find" and Other Stories. The collection is the dramatization of the traveler`s encounter the demonic forces of darkness impeding the progress of his Godward journey to the "true country, which the Miter with Christian conviction will consider to be what is eternal and absolute." Delineating the course of man on the go, O`Connor surveys the modem road on which her characters are making their journey and reports it as "a territory held largely by the devil." Despite the darkly perilous nature of the journey, man`s fallen state compels him to be forever on the go-either toward further exile from or return to the "true country." Young Harry in "The River" finds his "Kingdom of Christ" by submerging himself into the river; Mrs. Shortley in "The Displaced Person" finds hers at the end of the road. The frightening deaths that befell to them signal the end of their long earthly journey from suffering to penance and at the same time the beginning of their spiritual journey to God. Their sudden, violent deaths are undoubtedly good ones since by losing their life they make a breakthrough from the sordid earthly existence and find themselves at "the tremendous frontiers of [their] true country." This way they make a great Christian paradox a literal reality: "He who loses his life will find it."
6,700
초록보기
Wallace Thurman, whom Langston Hughes hailed as a "strangely brilliant black boy," was an unconventional but popular writer during the Harlem Renaissance. This essay interrogates the black-Asian conjunction in Wallace Thurman`s The Blacker the Berry (1929). More specifically, I examine how Thurman`s novel seemingly elides the interaction within the racial margins in the racially diverse metropolis of New York City in the early twentieth century. In The Blacker the Berry, Thurman introduces a multiracial character, Alva, whose "mother had been an American mulatto [and] father a Filipino." In essence, Alva`s body becomes a site in which multiple race, ethnicity, and sexuality converge. However, other than imprinting "oriental" features on Alva, Thurman does not directly address his Asianness any further; no one in the novel, not even Alva himself, comments on his Asian heritage. It is interesting to see, nonetheless, how Alva complicates notions of black masculinity for Thurman, which is demonstrated by Thurman`s deployment of Alva as straddling masculinity and effeminacy; Emma Lou Morgan, Thurman`s heroine, locates Alva`s masculine appeal in his Asianness, even as his "Orientality" later becomes a marker of his sexual deviance. Moreover, even as Alva is mostly identified as black throughout the novel, his "oriental" features become prominent when he finds himself in compromising situations and thereby prompt his racial castration. Consequently, it becomes imperative to consider what is at stake for Thurman to obscure a specific part of Alva`s racial/ethnic heritage. In sum, this essay investigates Alva`s body as an apposite site wherein we can grapple with the reciprocity and the blurred boundaries between the binaries of race, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality.

Domesticity and Its Discontents in Uncle Tom`s Cabin

( Eui Young Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 1호, 2011 pp. 163-183 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
This paper examines Harriet Beecher Stowe`s use of domestic ideology in her abolitionist novel Uncle Tom`s Cabin. Domestic ideology in antebellum America was a pliable rhetoric that served to confine women to their homes but at the same time exalted their moral superiority. It presupposed that women could shape the moral sensibility of their husbands, sons, and brothers. This presupposition comes under scrutiny in Stowe`s novel. At the center of the novel is the strange case of Augustine St. Clare whose inability to achieve any of the social changes he envisions is a source of great puzzlement. Both in his discourse and as a character, St. Clare introduces the conflict between innate disposition and moral education. Domestic ideology is placed under crisis when men fail to serve as the conductor of Christian virtue. St. Clare`s obstinate and unexplainable apostacy brings to the surface the inner contradictions, anxiety, and discontents of domestic ideology. For the most part and especially in her concluding remarks, however, Stowe stays within the confines of domestic ideology. The novel`s immense success, therefore, comes at a price, as the fundamental contradiction at the heart of domestic ideology is raised only to be pissed over.

Translating Korean American Life Suki Kim`s The Interpreter

( Jeong Yun Ko )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 1호, 2011 pp. 185-205 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
The paper examines Korean American writer, Suki Kim`s debut novel, The Interpreter. In the novel, Kim presents tragic dissolution of a Korean American`s family. Interestingly, the family`s struggle and tragic breakdown is closely linked to their unaccomplished tasks of translating differences between Korean and American languages and culture. The paper analyzes how the immigrant parents` linguistic isolation triggers tragic social, economic, and cultural marginalization of the Korean American family. Besides, the parents` nostalgia for the lost home country and the resulting inability to come to terms with multi-cultural America makes the parents fail in becoming reliable cultural translator for their Korean American daughters, Suzy and Grace Park. The daughters, thus, fails to bridge the gap between their isolated Korean home and mainstream American culture they face outside their home. By depicting three characters` failures in their tasks of translating between Korean and American languages and culture, Suki Kim successfully problematizes the imbalance of power existing between Korean and American side of the hyphenated identity of Korean Americans. The piper examines these problematizations and the following hope of creating new de-hyphenated Korean American identity presented in the text.

Globalization and Deterritorialization-The Tears of the Amazon and Through the Arc of the Rain Forest

( Seon Ju Lee )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 1호, 2011 pp. 207-227 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
The MBC documentary, The Tears of the Amazon, aired early in the year 2010 and which has received much attention from audiences and Karen Tei Yamashita`s Through the Arc of the Rain Forest both have as their background the Amazon, taken over and destroyed by globalization powers. The present tragic situation of the 7 Amazon Indios tribes who have become environmental refugees of the disappearing jungle becomes the background knowledge of Yamashita`s novel and offers a deep understanding of the Amazon nature and the Indios. The two great works makes us reflect on the timely themes of globalization and deterritorialization in the worldwide chaos of present day 21st century. The two works of The Tears of the Amazon and Through the Arc of the Rain Forest compare in several aspects. They both deal with the process of deterritorialization which globalization impacts the peripheral regions. However, the documentary and the novel differ in portrying the degree of deterritorialization`s process The Tears of the Amazon focuses on the Amazon as an area where the affinity their lives have had with their region becomes eliminated. Through the Arc of the Rain Forest starts at a point in which the deterritorization has already occurred. The novel focuses on the inequality of deterritorization. The Amazon Indios experience deterritorization most acutely as they are positioned as marginal in the unequal processes of globalization. It is impossible to embody in the ordinary realism novel the impacts of globalization powers which transform the Amazon jungle into the land of harmful toxic minerals and later destroys it. If the amazing and vulnerable Indios life which adhered to the prototypical human life had seems to us as magic realism in The Tears of the Amazon, what brings about the uncanny of magic realism in Though the Arc of the Rain Forest is not the Amazon Indio but are the postmodem powers that invade into the Amazon to extort them to the full. The developed and then mutated figures of those with transnational capital and technology ho swarmed to the Amazon in order to extort human and material resources are expressed through magic realism. Despite shocking upheaval, Through the Arc of the Rain dreams of reterritorialization, in which characters search for ways to adapt to the transformed reality. If it had been the inflow of transnational cultural powers which had instilled uncanniness into the naive life experiences of the third world regional society, the social changes and restructuring of locality is developed through the melodrama form in Through the Arc of the Rain Forest.
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