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> 미국소설학회 > 미국소설 > 18권 3호

미국소설검색

American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 18권 3호 (2011)

개고기와 애완견: 어빈 웰시의 「링컨공원의 개들」에 나타난 세계시민주의의 한계와 가능성

김수연 ( Soo Yeon Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 3호, 2011 pp. 5-29 ( 총 25 pages)
6,500
초록보기
Set in the multicultural Chicago, Welsh`s short story revolves around an amusing tiff between the Korean chef of a restaurant, "Mystic Asia." and Kendra, a white blonde woman who accuses the chef of kidnapping and cooking her pet dog. This seemingly innocuous episode of cultural misunderstanding, however, invites the reader to reexamine the difficulty of forming a cosmopolitan community as well as the new possibility of such community opened up by Welsh`s story. This essay undertakes two tasks. First, it briefly analyzes the flawed portrayal of Korea in David Mitchell`s Cloud Atlas, a contemporary novel misleadingly celebrated for its embodiment of cosmopolitanism. In so doing, my essay asserts the need of distinguishing between Mitchell`s utopian novel and Welsh`s story that thoroughly investigates the downside of multiculturalism. The latter part of the essay borrows from Jean-Luc Nancy`s concept of "inoperative community" in order to explain the problematic relationships displayed by the characters of Welsh`s story. I conclude that "The D.O.G.S. of Lincoln Park" provides a better example of cosmopolitan literature than Mitchell`s touristic novel does. This is because cosmopolitan literature emerges in revealing the daily culture war of different people(s) and portraying an "inoperative community" composed of the incompatible people(s).

레즐리 실코의 『죽은 자들의 연감』: 아메리카 인디언 문화 부활선언문

노헌균 ( Heong Yun Rho )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 3호, 2011 pp. 31-54 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
초록보기
Leslie Marmon Silko reviews the past 500 years of American culture since Christopher Columbus`s arrival in the Bahamas in 1492 in Almanac of the Dead. Rather than accepting the dominant Euro-American conception of cultural imperialism in the Americas, Silko is indignant in the whole sphere of colonization to Native Americans, muckraking every evil project done to them deliberately, and accusing the Euro-Americans of the exploitation they have made in the guise of civilization. Silko identifies the Euro-Americans as "vampire capitalists" who are descendants of "the misogynistic, arrogantly hierarchical, and egocentric traditions of Western liberal individualism." In order to save Native Americans from the European capitalists and colonialists, Silko strongly insists that politically radical actions like Ghost Dance and guerilla tactics are highly urgent before Native Americans completely disappear in the Americas. Silko borrows the ideas of regeneration of Native American culture from such traditional Native American thinkers as Dee Brown, Paula Gunn Allen, Arnold Krupat, and A. LaVonne Brown Ruoff. Combining the four theoreticians` arguments together, Silko implies throughout the novel that the Americas should be returned to their native inhabitants.

융의 분석심리학을 통해 본 허조그의 글쓰기 전략

손기표 ( Ki Pyo Son )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 3호, 2011 pp. 55-76 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
Herzog`s writing in Bellow`s Herzog can be considered as a healing process seen from Jung`s analytical psychology. According to Jung, there should be harmony between consciousness and the unconscious in the psyche. The ego of consciousness controls the realm of consciousness, but complexes and archetypes in the unconscious are beyond the ego`s control. Actually they are autonomous and energy-charged. No communication between these two causes nervous breakdown or insanity. One of the ways to keep harmony between consciousness and the unconscious is active imagination. Active imagination means that the ego falls down to the unconscious to encounter various archetypes, makes them images, and brings them to consciousness by writing or drawing. Moses Herzog, on the verge of nervous breakdown from getting divorced from Madeleine, his second wife, who had affairs with Gersbach, his closest friend, starts traveling to his unconscious by writing letters and notes. In his inner world, he encounters various fragments of emotion called archetypes that want to have their own images to go out to the conscious world. The archetypes he encounters are made images of Mother, Daisy, Madeleine, and Ramona. By writing numerous letters to many different people, he succeeds in reconciling his consciousness with the unconscious. The effective protagonist, Herzog, reflects Saul Bellow`s ego according to Jung`s analytical psychology. Therefore, Herzog`s writing as a healing process is eventually Bellow`s. His writing is strategy to recover the unbalanced relationship between his consciousness and the unconscious.

"잊혀진 전쟁"과 세계화를 넘어: 폴 윤의 『원스 더 쇼어』에 나타난 역사와 소통

유재은 ( Jae Eun Yoo )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 3호, 2011 pp. 77-103 ( 총 27 pages)
6,700
초록보기
The publication of Paul Yoon`s first book, Once the Shore, heralded the arrival of a remarkable new voice in the Korean American literature scene. This essay examines the unique manner in which this collection of short stories "re-presents" the traumatic modern history of Korea. On an imaginary Korean island where Once the Shore is set, the memory of the violent Korean past Japanese imperialism, World War II, American military occupation, the Korean War, etc. is all but lost. In the story "Once the Shore," this historical amnesia, along with American imperialism and global tourism, alienate the traumatized main characters from each other. Despite their complete difference, however, they manage to show kindness to each other, which leads to significant moments of ethical communication. This unconventional form of communication disrupts the conventional boundaries created by nationality and ethnicity, while prompting a re-evaluation and re-interpretation of the past and present. Thus exploring the impact of foreign mostly American power on an isolated yet global space, Yoon sets the trauma of Korean history in the international context, and seeks to resolve it through transnational connections between different individuals. Even though a complete and transparent understanding of each other is rendered impossible, the acts of kindness to the human Other begin the process of remembering and healing.

An Anti-Hero Searching for Life, Self, and "Thee" in Anne Tyler`s A Patchwork Planet

( Hee Jung Cha )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 3호, 2011 pp. 105-126 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
Anne Tyler is one of the most significant contemporary writers and a highly prolific writer who has published 18 novels to date. She is also known as an intensely private writer labeled the Greta Garbo of the literary world who rarely does book tours, avoids publicity, and does not grant face-to-face interviews. In spite of the richness of her work and sizeable popular audience, she received little scholarly assessment and academic discussion analysis until the 1990s. Tyler`s novels are not only readable and enjoyable but also thought-provoking. Her various characters are painfully realistic, eccentric, and ironically charming. Family relationships are at the core in nearly all her novels set in Baltimore, but her characters end up establishing identity in opposition of family myth. In order to introduce and define Tyler as a masterful fictional realist and a humanist, this paper critically reads her 1998 novel, A Patchwork Planet, which tells of an unheroic, eccentric, uncertain, and lonely protagonist from an affluent American family. Especially, the paper suggests that Shakespeare`s speaker in "Sonnet 29" and Tyler`s narrator in A Patchwork Planet are similar. As self-observers, the insecure young men in 17th century England and 20th century America undergo the ongoing process of self-affirmation and self-development. While emphasizing the individual relationships with others outside one`s immediate family, Tyler realistically portrays the inward journey of the narrator in which he is overwhelmed by loneliness, isolation, and defeat and then gradually comes to terms with self-integrity and self-worth.

Figurative Approach to the Road Represented in Henry James`s The American and The Portrait of a Lady

( Dong In Cho )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 3호, 2011 pp. 127-144 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
Henry James used the motif of the road as an apt expression on characters` development, plots` expansion, and imagery in his two novels. His novels displayed the road of the spirit at its most interior. He explored two individuals in his two works, seldom deviating from the straight road which led his characters to the self-knowledge necessary to attaining completeness. In The American, Newman has gained an expanded self-awareness in his exposure to the European culture, and this expansion opened his consciousness to the spiritual road which lie before him. In The Portrait of a Lady, Isabel Archer has achieved the totality of her own existence because of the road which she chose. Through situation of suffocation she chose, she comes to have the internal maturation which is able to assume the road of her life under her own direction.

The Troubled Discourse of Motherhood in Harriet Jacobs` Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself

( Min Jung Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 3호, 2011 pp. 145-173 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
초록보기
Readers have commended Harriet Jacobs` Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself (1861) rightfully for several reasons. In addition to the incorporation and rewriting of various genres of her time, such as the male slave narrative, sentimental narrative, and abolitionist writing, Jacobs` autobiographical narrative is, unmistakably, a highly well-constructed and written text with a unifying theme and a consistent narrative voice. Telling the slave experience as a young girl who is vulnerable to the abuses of a shameless slave master, Jacobs develops the discourses of womanhood and motherhood as the central organizing themes in her narrative. Critics have thus credited Jacobs` carefully selective use of the discourse of motherhood as specifically embraced and promoted by her narrative persona Linda Brent. Jacobs` fictional self is generally read as an artful and skillful narrator whose faithful adherence to the ideology of proper womanhood and motherhood becomes a means of effectively securing the sympathetic readerly attention of the white middle-class women in the North. In this paper, while examining Jacobs` willful appropriation of reified motherhood through which she builds her narrative and establishes her narrative authority, I concentrate on instances in the text when motherhood poses as a problem. Through an analysis of how unlike her protagonist, Jacobs` own life experiences and actions cannot always be governed solely by her duties as a mother, I point to the tensions in the narrative between Jacobs as a writer and Linda Brent her autobiographical persona. My interest is not to argue for the flaws in Jacobs` writing, but to illustrate how the representational limits of motherhood in the narrative cannot be read in distinction from the racialized relations and history from which Jacobs` work evolves and to which it responds.

A Modern Utopia and the Dissociation of an Individual Self in Manhattan Transfer and U.S.A.

( Jun Young Lee )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 3호, 2011 pp. 175-190 ( 총 16 pages)
5,600
초록보기
In his career as a novelist, John Dos Passos inquired into the relationship between fiction and history by using one of his distinctive but consistent ways: through cultivating multiple lives of various individuals, he tried to bring up the public and collective memory of the historical era, as well as its social landscape. Therefore, almost all characters from Manhattan Transfer and the U.S.A. trilogy are flat, inert, and dissociated individuals, which are in direct contrast to G. Lukacs`s character types of world-historical individuals who represent and symbolize dynamically socio-historical movements and paradigms. However, because of the historical shift from 19th-century competitive capitalism to modern monopoly capitalism, it is very persuasive to argue that Dos Passos`s flat, static, and dissociated individuals should be historically more accurate and precise than the bourgeois concept of autonomous individual which provided a ground for the Lukacian integrated and dynamic individuals. In fact, this dissolution of autonomous individuals into the dissociated ones was an overall tendency of modern novels since monopoly capitalism caused the gradual dissolution and disappearance of individual characters in modern novels. With the historical shift from competitive capitalism to monopoly one, the commodity culture and imperial politics of monopoly capitalism had conspired a utopian version of modern industrial society since the center of modern Utopian impulse is in the system of monopoly capitalism. Under the logic of monopoly capitalism, the dynamic movement of the modern Utopia had been replaced with the circulation of commodity in the market. In this modern Utopia, the celestial logic of commodity reification was to disperse the autonomous subjectivity of the individual into the expanding web of the market system by way of public media and commercial images of advertisement. In this historical situation, the autonomous self had a tendency to exist only in the dissociated form of fragmentation. Therefore, these dissociated selves in Dos Passos` novels such as Manhattan Transfer and U.S.A. could be seen as faithful realization of this modern environment. Using distinctive textual devises, such as fragmented montages, stream of consciousness, advertising images of commodity, and patched documentaries of public media, Dos Passos portrayed the dissociation of individual selves under the entropic Utopia of monopoly capitalism. In this modern Utopia, the reification of commodity logic was inducing the entropic death of individual selves. We can find out this dismal irony in the novels of John Dos Passos, especially Manhattan Transfer and his U.S.A. trilogy.

A Fractured Whole: Becoming Black Identities in Song of Solomon

( Seog Kwang Lee )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 3호, 2011 pp. 191-213 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This paper considers how Morrison explores black identities in her novel, Song of Solomon. What this essay discovers is that Morrison attempts to convey in the novel a black identity in such a way that the identity is shaped by different layers of history and community (places). These layers are related to their particular ways of existence translated to America through what is called diaspora; a swiftly forced move to the New World where they were required to build upon a new identity. Characters in the novel get involved in their personal search for individual identities in various ways which the author sets up with her sense of what she perceives a black identity in the World. What ensues is two distinctive views about the black identity. This essay examines the idea of separatism and essentialism in order to propose that the black identity is rather a segmented whole embracing different experiences and histories the black people in America have gone through.

John Cotton`s Discrepancies: Theocracy and Individual Freedom

( Kyung Jun Sung )
미국소설학회|미국소설  18권 3호, 2011 pp. 215-230 ( 총 16 pages)
5,600
초록보기
John Cotton is regarded as the chief spokesman of the Massachusetts theocracy and probably its major architect. However, he was, on the other hand, looked upon by his contemporary fellow ministers as the mastermind of the Antinomian Controversy, which shattered the early puritan society. This essay aims to examine the discrepancies in his writings and sermons to investigate his conflicting theological ideas toward his contemporary theocratic order and individual freedom. This essay also explores how his trouble-making discourse became, in Foucault`s terms, immanent in the dominant discourse of the pastoral power. This interrogation ultimately illuminates the nature of puritan pastoral power and the relationship between individual freedom and societal control in early American society. His writings and sermons demonstrate that, until the Antinomian Controversy, the discourse of theocratic order and the discourse that can oppose it must have co-existed in Cotton. Yet, as pastoral power muted the Antinomians, it must have disciplined Cotton by excluding his trouble-making discourse. This process demonstrates how the dominant discourse of pastoral power disciplined subjects and how societal power constrained individual freedom. This essay also illustrates the meaning of this process both on the individual and social level.
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