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> 미국소설학회 > 미국소설 > 19권 1호

미국소설검색

American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 19권 1호 (2012)

『나의 안토니아』에 나타난 대지와 몸의 자아

공명수 ( Myung Su Kong )
미국소설학회|미국소설  19권 1호, 2012 pp. 5-24 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
This paper aims at analyzing an inextricable relationship both with the land of Nebraska and with Antonia`s bodily self, which are invariably manifested in her passionate life of the land. Tending eleven sons and an orchard connected with a productive home and the fertile farmland, Antonia is dissolved into something complete and great in the land of Nebraska. That makes us feel the goodness of planting and tending and harvesting, all the strong things of her true heart coming out in her bodily experiences. But Antonia can be seen as the ordinary woman of the land rather than be cast both as the Mother of Earth and as the ecofeministic heroine. Antonia is not a spiritually symbolic character of being in search of the coexistence between nature and women as well as groping toward the notion of equality among them. On the other hand, Antonia represents a bodily experiential human beings of closely binding up with nature in special places and conditions. This reflects precisely the basic world-view that her body is an object that houses something holy. This view provides a new model for questioning the ecofeminie ideology, the Mother of Earth, the patriarchal social ideology, and the deep ecology.

창래 리의 『원어민』: 백인성의 탈신비화 작업

권지은 ( Ji Wun Kwon )
미국소설학회|미국소설  19권 1호, 2012 pp. 25-46 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
This paper approaches the whiteness presented in Chang-rae Lee`s The Native Speaker as one form of interpellated ideologies. Taking a cue from Louis Althusser`s Interpellation Theory in which all social members are interpellated into the social order and asked to perform socially-given roles in accordance with his/her subject position within the symbolic order (therefore, "imagined relations" with the symbolic order), this paper posits that the white people in The Native Speaker are also interpellated into the hierarchy of racial order to obtain the socially-constructed significances of whiteness and act accordingly. This assumption can be meaningful in the sense that whiteness has usually seen as a ``non-racial`` entity, whereas the colored are identified foremost by their specific racial features. As many critics have argued, whiteness stripped off and thus unmarked of its racial qualities takes the form of universality and even Americanness, in which it is less a kind of race than the symbolic measure to which other ``raced`` Others attempt to be equal. Lee closely follows the process this socially constructed whiteness, in which white people are interpellated into the racial order to reinstate the function of whiteness. Through this process, whiteness is not only posited as the non-raced authority to define and judge the racial identity of the colored, but it also acquires a form of racial neutrality based upon whiteness as a non-visualized form of race.

이바와 톱시: 『톰 아저씨의 오두막』의 이분법적 만화경

김봉은 ( Bong Eun Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  19권 1호, 2012 pp. 47-65 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
초록보기
Although it provoked the readers, deploring the slavery and the Fugitive Slave Law and setting an African American slave as a heroic protagonist, Harriet Beecher Stowe`s novel Uncle Tom`s Cabin was an extraordinary success. What is the main cause of the success? As one of the causes, many critics have indicated the author`s appeal to the readers` emotion with the vivid description of slave mothers` deadly suffering from losing their children, for which some critics have harshly criticized Stowe`s writing style as sentimental, exaggerating and simplifying. Focusing on two young characters, an angelic white girl, Evangeline St. Clare, and an African American slave girl, Topsy, and interpreting them as binary "kaleidoscope" Stoew intends to smash, this paper will bring forth a secret key to the success of Uncle Tom`s Cabin.

『나의 안토니아』의 자연과 노동 그리고 생태비평: 목가적 자연의 한계와 본질적 노동의 가능성

이준영 ( Jun Young Lee )
미국소설학회|미국소설  19권 1호, 2012 pp. 67-88 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
One of the unique features in Willa Cather`s My Antonia lies in its frequent dramatic portrayals and descriptions of nature, such as pastoral landscapes, changes of season, and agricultural scenery. Therefore, nature itself as the surrounding material and physical world has been regarded as one of the main characters including Antonia Shimerdas and Jim Burden in the novel. The dramatic representation of nature is mainly delivered from the eyes of Jim Burden, the sole narrator of the novel. However, it seems that the critical appraisal of rampant descriptions and portrayals of nature in My Antonia should be bound to beget dissatisfaction because Jim`s portrayals and descriptions of nature are contradictorily fragmented and dissociative without directionality and intrinsic interconnection presiding over themselves. In this article, the principal culprit of Jim`s problematic representation of nature is to be attributed to his pastoral recognition of nature rooted in the traditional dualism of nature and human beings. After the brief discussion about ecocritical evaluation of Cather`s works and ecocriticism itself as well, this paper attempts to analyse the portrayals and descriptions of nature in My Antonia. Thus the main objective of this article has a twofold nature: to criticize Jim`s dualism in his observative and separative attitude toward nature and to suggest a constructive way of overcoming the dualism. Unlike Jim, Antonia is an excellent worker who has performed intrinsic labor, which, as life activity, interconnects Antonia to nature dynamically. Therefore, this article concludes with an assertion that the intrinsic labor should be appreciated as a potential way of realizing man in nature and vice versa.

자연주의를 넘어서: 토니 모리슨의 『가장 푸른 눈』을 중심으로

임진희 ( Jin Hee Yim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  19권 1호, 2012 pp. 89-104 ( 총 16 pages)
5,600
초록보기
Toni Morrison describes two girls in her autobiographical novel, The Bluest Eye. Pecola is the typical heroine of naturalist novels. In naturalist novels, protagonists are demolished under the influence of the environment and heredity without will. Pecola is born from irresponsible parents who engage in self-hatred. Cholly, Pecola`s father, uses violence and does not take care of his family. Pauline, Pecola`s mother, neglects her duties as a housewife under the guise of a sincere Christian and a faithful maid for a rich white family. Pecola`s neighbors just follow the white people`s standards. They insult Pecola and regard her as a poor ugly black girl. Pecola desires to have blue eyes, the symbol of being white, in order to get out of her miserable situation. After her father rapes her, Pecola achieves her dream to have blue eyes in her insane mental state. Claudia is also a poor black girl. But unlike the Pecola`s family, there is love and an emotional bond within Claudia`s family. In looking after Claudia who is ill her mother inculcates the value of the home. She remains as somebody who does not want Claudia to die. Claudia`s father takes responsibility for his family and defends his daughters from a sexual predator. Claudia grows up developing courage and right judgement. She raises objections when African American adults follow the white people`s standards without questions. She criticizes her neighbors for not giving practical help to Pecola. Through Claudia, Morrison is able to prove that one who is raised with love and care cultivates the capability to overcome hardships and purify the polluted mind.

The Double Consciousness in Richard Wright`s Native Son and Toni Morrison`s Tar Baby

( Dong In Cho )
미국소설학회|미국소설  19권 1호, 2012 pp. 105-124 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
초록보기
This study explores the double consciousness represented in the two novels, Richard Wright`s Native Son and Toni Morrison`s Tar Baby. By the works, the writers understood education in North America as part of the project of capitalism, perpetuating the class structure necessary to maintain it. With the help of their novels, they deeply explores American educational frameworks and characters` double consciousness caused by the absurd system of education. In order to achieve emancipation education within the context of vast diversity and individual potentialities, the writers strongly claim and ask as follows. What do we mean when we say "democracy"? If a democracy is to be inclusive of all the voices in its realm, do our schools support this? How can we emancipate ourselves from our history of not making good on the promise of equality and freedom for all people? As an alternative for democratic education, they strongly suggest that we should develop empathy and a political commitment to overcome the double consciousness which means not only a split between irreconcilable national and cultural identities, but also a split between the mind and the body. Emancipation education for overcoming the double-consciousness is rigorous. It needs to acknowledge multiple meanings. However, having one answer and one interpretation shuts too many people out. If we teach empathy, the critical and moral imagination can transform identity.

The World on the Decline: A Teilhardian Reading of "A View of the Woods"

( In Soon Choi )
미국소설학회|미국소설  19권 1호, 2012 pp. 125-136 ( 총 12 pages)
5,200
초록보기
This paper attempts a Teilhardian reading of "A View of the Woods." Finding Teilhard`s evolutionary ideas to be "stimulating to her imagination," O`Connor adopted them for the stories collected in Everything that Rises Must Converge. At the heart of Teilhard`s vision there is an evolving world engaged in a constantly rising movement toward the Omega point of a universal convergence. The two key metaphors informing Teilhard`s vision of the evolving world are "rising" and "converging," which O`Connor twists ironically for this story: "rising" is twisted into declining and "converging" into collision. For a man of "egoism" who refuses to rise and converge with the others in accordance with the universal attraction toward the divine center, the world devolves; it goes on the decline. Such is the tragic case with Mark Fortune, the hubristic protagonist of "A View of the Woods."

Master, She Wrote: Theodora Bosanquet`s Henry James in Henry James at Work

( Ki Yoon Jang )
미국소설학회|미국소설  19권 1호, 2012 pp. 137-155 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
초록보기
Henry James died almost a century ago, but he still has a great impact upon literary studies and critical theories as if alive. Recently, his presence becomes more palpable as the biographical novels about him gain a wide range of popularity. Those novels testify to what Sean Burke calls "the return of the author," or the resurrection of the Barthesian dead author through readers` re-interpretation of her or his biographical dimensions. The return of James the dead author, however, already occurred by means of his last and longest-lasting amanuensis, Theodora Bosanquet. In 1924 she wrote a memoir of James, Henry James at Work, based on her working experience as his typewriter for 10 years until he died. Though one of the earliest biographical writings about James, the memoir has not been attracting much scholarly attention except for its being a factual account of the later stage of the Master`s life and career. This essay, borrowing Burke`s insight, proposes to take the memoir as Bosanquet`s readerly attempt to re-construct James`s life and person and resuscitate his authorial being. For that purpose, the essay examines various narratorial strategies that Bosanquet employs to present a less authoritarian and more reader-sensitive image of James and to encourage her readers to conceive multiple personae of James based on their readings of the memoir.

Thomas Jefferson and the Genre of Chronicles: A Study of Notes on the State of Virginia

( Woo Sung Kang )
미국소설학회|미국소설  19권 1호, 2012 pp. 157-177 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
This paper explores Thomas Jefferson`s Notes on the State of Virginia as a narrative example of American genre of chronicle, focusing on the discursive complexity and thematic peculiarity. Jefferson`s prose writings are generally considered the manifestation of a typical Enlightenment style whose rational argumentation denotes a combination of scientific rigor with aesthetic contemplation. With the commitment to democratic ideal, Jefferson`s Notes intends to respond to European prejudice towards American nature. Rebutting the familiar paradigm of American depravity, Jefferson demonstrates the natural abundance of American continent and links it to the cultural and political specificity of America. Especially, Notes concentrates on the problem of slavery in America and tries to correct public misconceptions of slavery as an institution. His discourse about slavery oscillates between moral indictment and the criticism of civilization itself, resulting in the mixed style of writing distancing from the conventional discourse disguised with scientific argumentation. Aesthetic contemplation about American natural environment subsidizes such a narrative move, enhancing philosophical speculation into a sublime style. His style of chronicle ultimately records the meanderings of his thinking with complex and subtle mixture of scientific contemplation and sublime description. This paper concludes that Jefferson`s prose writing amounts to a representative ideal of American genre of chronicle in that it displays the subtle combination of scientific argumentation and sublime style of writing.

The Unreal of Reality: Spectacular City and Its Theatricality in Theodore Dreiser`s Sister Carrie

( Yun Jin Lee )
미국소설학회|미국소설  19권 1호, 2012 pp. 179-201 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
Examining Dreiser`s representation of the core cultural experiences in modern America, this paper illuminates the question of modern vision how new lines of visibility and new visual experiences formed by capitalist urban spaces and the period`s technological developments take on decisive significance in fostering a particular organizing of the social order, of subjectivity and social relations in modern America. In giving expression to the city as a site of both a place and a way of life by dramatizing the scenes, structures and topography of the cityscape which impinge upon the minds of his characters, Dreiser analyzes the enforcing mechanism of visual power of the city and the varied implications of the cultural transformations of the urban experience which are at once celebrated and condemned in Sister Carrie. Whereas fascinated by the improved visibility, plentitude of visual forms and visual stimuli presented in urban space, Dreiser simultaneously foregrounds the urban setting as a problematic site where reality is associated with "dramatic spectacles." Emphasizing the theatricality of the urban spectacles, Dreiser also demonstrates how the urban spectacle comes to be the most highly developed power which infuses capitalist ideology into every aspect of daily life, and how it reshapes the topography of individuals` desire and consciousness through controlling its visual imagery.
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