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> 미국소설학회 > 미국소설 > 20권 2호

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American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 20권 2호 (2013)

제럴드 비즈너의 『그리버: 중국의 미국 원숭이왕』에 제시된 소서사의 탈주

김봉은 ( Bong Eun Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  20권 2호, 2013 pp. 5-30 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
Jean-Francois Lyotard claims, “The grand narrative has lost its credibility” for ``petit narratives,`` constantly violating the rules of language games, actively resist being totalized, simultaneously expressing multiple heterogeneity. Gerald Vizenor assembles petit narratives in his novel, Griever: An American Monkey King in China. The petit narratives about a Native American trickster`s traveling and teaching English in China in conjunction with the witty parody of The Journey to the West, a famous Chinese fantasy, derange various borders and allegorical concepts. To view Vizenor`s text in the light of Lyotard`s theories of the petit narrative, the sublime and the fantasy pedagogy, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari`s theories of becoming and the line of flight, and Gisela Brinker-Gabler`s theory of travel to encounter others reveals how Vizenor configures petit narratives and their ``flight`` from diverse existing constraints. The protagonist Griever situated in-between serving as a de-constructive pivot of multi-layered, multi-dimensional narratives, presenting the under-developed China in parallel with American Indian reservations and comparing the legendary Chinese monkey king with a post-indian trickster, helps the readers to step back and get liberated from their own reality and cure.

호모 사케르의 윤리: 창래 리의 『제스처 라이프』와『항복한 자』 연구

진주영 ( Ju Young Jin )
미국소설학회|미국소설  20권 2호, 2013 pp. 31-53 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This study explores Chang-rae Lee`s A Gesture Life and The Surrendered, by remaining attentive to the novels` shared subject matter of war and its enduring legacy reflected in the Korean American protagonists. To achieve the nuanced understanding of ethics which is not formulated negatively against the other, I illustrate how the male protagonists` relentless pursuit of assimilation leads to subsume the other, namely, the female characters, Korean comfort woman and war orphan, respectively, through the exclusionary politics. Firstly, I will address how the male characters in both novels end up reenforcing the status quo by faithfully following the putative logic of the Cold War such as American Exceptionalism and the Cold War containment policy. Secondly, I will highlight the ways in which the debasement of the female characters, whom I regard as “homo sacer” using Agamben`s term, and their subsequent deaths are undergirded by the double process of abjection, first by the sovereignty which engenders homo sacer and pits them against each other, then by the male characters, who act as agent of abjection for the sovereignty, while suturing themselves back into their “assigned places” of the system. The female characters project multiple versions of ethics, provisional and personal through and through, to reveal the poverty of the “ethical” intervention of the male characters.

Love Across the Color Lines: The Occlusion of Racial Tension in Susan Choi`s The Foreign Student

( Hye Yurn Chung )
미국소설학회|미국소설  20권 2호, 2013 pp. 55-70 ( 총 16 pages)
5,600
초록보기
Susan Choi`s The Foreign Student (1998) traces Chuck (Chang) Ahn`s journey from the war-stricken Korea to a small college town in Tennessee in the 1950s; it follows Chuck, previously displaced by the rhetorics of war and racial discrimination, as he searches for a sense of belonging in the heartland of America. Choi`s work is one among many others emerging in Asian American literary arena which stake out the south as another compelling locus of Asian America. Leaving aside for now if we can read Choi`s novel as “southern” (in the strictest sense), contexualizing The Foreign Student within the framework of southern literature not only extends our understanding of this understudied novel but its inclusion in the southern literary tradition reconceptualizes the south as a vibrant “multi-ethnic, polyglot” community, in which various ethnic, racial, sexual, social, and economic perspectives intersect and coalesce. In particular, this essay discusses how Choi`s novel aims to couch the intricacies of interracial intimacy within a heartrending love story. Chuck and Katherine are both compromised of their agency in this confined terrain of the south, weighed down by the history of its dependence on the slave economy, the perpetration and perpetuation of racial injustice, and the commodification of the “southern lady” trope. One is othered by his race while the other is marginalized by her gender. Choi`s insistence on idealizing romantic love inadvertently invites an omission of veiled contention in Chuck and Katherine`s interracial relationship, which is, upon closer inspection, fraught with racial and gender power struggle between these two protagonists.

Images of “Darkness” as Inscriptions of Race in James Baldwin`s “Sonny`s Blues”

( Min Jung Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  20권 2호, 2013 pp. 71-93 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
A profound sense of despair overwriting the African American experience reverberates throughout James Baldwin`s fiction and essays. While Baldwin is best known for his critical insights into the African American experience as thematized throughout his novels, this paper examines one of his most popularly anthologized short story, “Sonny`s Blues,” as a commentary on the persistence of racial domination in its varied, menacing manifestations. The narrator in “Sonny Blues,” a black high school algebra teacher in Harlem, is presented as equipped with the trappings of middle-class success, and in contradistinction to his younger brother Sonny, a jazz pianist who has even served jail time for trafficking in and using drugs, whom the older brother can only view with disapproval. This paper argues, however, that through images of darkness pervasive throughout the story, Baldwin explores the conditions of black experience-as represented by the narrator Sonny`s older brother-as continually beset by fear, desperation, helplessness, denigration, and death, because of the far from realized American democracy that in fact perpetuates and tolerates black degradation and victimization in the service of white supremacy. While the overarching plot of the story is the narrator`s eventual acceptance of his younger brother and his lifestyle, I argue that “Sonny`s Blues” is not simply about the reconciliation of brotherly differences and conflict. I contend that Baldwin`s narrative is significantly about the story of a black man whose social and emotional separation from his black ghetto community is far from possible due to a critical double-consciousness that frustrates the condition of individual transcendence of race, because of the persistently vicious racial configurations of American society.

Nathaniel Hawthorne at the Boston Custom House

( Yongsung Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  20권 2호, 2013 pp. 95-112 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
In regard to Nathaniel Hawthorne at the Boston Custom House from 1839 to 1841, most biographical researches have mainly and limitedly dealt with familiar information about his secret engagement or metaphorical “marriage” to Sophia Peabody, news about his family, and the efforts that Elizabeth Peabody exerted to get him his job as Measurer of salt and coal so far. It is generally known that Hawthorne spent intolerable times of longing for Sophia, loneliness, dejection and solitude because of the separation from his love and the recognition of his failure as a writer. However, new details of that period by “Duncan” that this research argues will be helpful for modern readers to understand Hawthorne`s private social life at the Boston Custom House richly. Hawthorne had social relationships with his friends who did not perceive his secret engagement with Sophia, and enjoyed drinking with them at night at Madam Dunlap`s house, where there were “boxes” for private conversations. Contrary to Sophia`s imagination that Hawthorne spends hard times caused by the separation between them, the writer enjoyed his hard times which the word “hard” refers to “liquor” as well as “times.” In addition, “Duncan” enumerates the names of friends Hawthorne socialized with, and describes details of Hawthorne`s daily and nightly life at the Boston Custom House. He, furthermore, reports a new fact about William B. Pike`s progression on Hawthorne`s biography which conflicts with that of the editors of the Centenary Edition. From now on, it is needed for Hawthorne scholars to reconsider Hawthorne`s life at the Boston Custom House.

Frank Norris`s Epic Romance of American Naturalism: The Pastoral Ideal and Evolutionary Immanence in The Octopus

( Jun Young Lee )
미국소설학회|미국소설  20권 2호, 2013 pp. 115-138 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
초록보기
The Octopus, a major novel of Frank Norris, has been harshly criticized by many scholars for inconsistency in its thematic and moral philosophy, which eventually led to a structural defect at the close of the novel. Their criticisms are very insightful and convincing but not substantial enough to explain clearly the contradictory forces related to both the thematic philosophy and the structural style of The Octopus, not paying enough attention to Frank Norris`s philosophical background of American naturalism, which is significantly different from its European counterpart, as well as his unique view and usage of romance as a literary genre. The controversial inconsistency of The Octopus is mainly due to its epic project of solving conflicts between the various contending forces of industrial capitalism. Therefore, this essay specifies at first the contending forces of the American West in The Octopus. Secondly, the conflicts between the contending forces are analysed as an extension of a traditional conflict in American literature, the collision between the pastoral ideal and the industrial machine in the landscape of nature. Finally, Norris`s controversial but sublime project of solving these conflicts by his philosophy of American naturalism is reconsidered in terms of his belief in evolutionary immanence as well as his distinct usage of "romance" as a literary genre. Consequently, it is very convincing to see that the novel achieves a certain degree of success in transcending the conflicts both by creating a sense of totality overcoming the antithetical tension between the pastoral America and the industrial capitalism and by achieving the epic-scale literary combination of romance and naturalism.
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