글로버메뉴 바로가기 본문 바로가기 하단메뉴 바로가기

논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

> 미국소설학회 > 미국소설 > 22권 3호

미국소설검색

American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 22권 3호 (2015)

윌리엄 포크너의 『팔월의 빛』에 나타나는 원환의 존재론적 의미 연구

김대중 ( Dae Joong Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  22권 3호, 2015 pp. 5-33 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
초록보기
This paper is to examine William Faulkner`s Light in August via searching for and analyzing ontological and bio-political meanings of ‘circle.’ After reviewing on various researches previously conducted on structural integrity of multi-narrative in Light in August, this paper argues that each narrative in the novel is potentially open to ‘connections’ to produce various understandings. This multi-connected narratives produce a literary plane, resonating with geopolitical and historical planes of Yoknapatapha County, on which binary ideological segments are furrowed and simultaneously threatened by flights of outsiders-Joe Christmas and Lena Grove. This paper concentrates on such inquiries as how Joe`s flights, despite being immersed in binary ideological segments, can contradictorily deconstruct these ideological segments and why his flights ends up with failures, revealing hidden meaning of restrained ontological circle Joe is enclosed within. And then, the paper, utilizing Giorgio Agamben`s bio-political concepts of ‘the open’ and ‘anthropological machine,’ explores how Joe`s will to become a human being falls prey to ‘animalization’ through the operation of anthropological machine and racism.

『길 위에서』 에 나타난 분열분석 카토그래피와 미학적 정치성

김순배 ( Soonbae Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  22권 3호, 2015 pp. 35-64 ( 총 30 pages)
7,000
초록보기
This essay investigates the stylistic and political characteristics of ontological connectivity in Jack Kerouac`s On the Road. Ontological connectivity of the text is unveiled through its distinctive narrative style and language in which interactive relationality of different beings is constantly deterritorialized or remapped. The exiled journey of Sal Paradise and Dean Moriarty along with the gang of madness indicates the constitutive process via excessive engagement and consumption with the relationship with others and capitalistic culture. The narratorial exile and cartographic mobilization are closely related to the life of the author as a vagabond who admitted himself to have francophone Canadian heritage though he was born to be an American in New England. Felix Guattari claims that the energetic engagement formulates the creatively assembled language of art which is not a representation or imitation of reality but a productive performance in and of itself. The French philosopher describes the American writer and his work as “the route of the American rhizome . . . successive lateral offshoots in immediate connection with an outside.” But I argue that their ontological mobilization is geared toward resisting fixed formality and hierarchization to concretize the ontological oneness beyond the locality of America, so as to virtually formulate and mediate new cartographies of the transnational and cosmopolitan space.

디스토피아에서의 디아스포라적 상상력: 『만조의 바다 위에서』 연구

김진경 ( Jin Kyeong Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  22권 3호, 2015 pp. 65-93 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
초록보기
Chang-rae Lee`s latest novel On Such a Full Sea departs from his previous four novels of diaspora and describes a dystopian future America with its rigid social and economic stratification represented by three mutually-exclusive districts of ‘Charter,’ ‘B-Mor,’ and ‘counties.’ This study aims to probe the characterization of the heroine Fan and the function of the plural first-person narrator ‘we’, and thereby reveal the theme of diasporic imagination which has been Lee`s persistent concern throughout his literary career. The central consciousness of the novel is the collective narrator ‘we’, who follows, records, interprets, and evaluates the adventures, across the border of those closed societies, of the atypical hero Fan whose consciousness and emotions remain unrevealed. It is the collective narrator ‘we’ who matures from a cynical and prejudiced mass to an actively engaging community with diasporic imagination which liberates them from the limitation of closed societies through the process of hybridization.

토니 모리슨의 『술라』를 통해 살펴본 흑인 공동체 내의 남성과 여성의 결합

문샛별 ( Set Byul Moon )
미국소설학회|미국소설  22권 3호, 2015 pp. 95-124 ( 총 30 pages)
7,000
초록보기
This paper aims to examine black male and female characters and their vulnerable gender relationship between opposite sexes in Toni Morrison`s novel Sula by reviewing phases of their social, racial, gender, and economic status at the beginning of the twentieth century in Jim Crow America, and provide contextual and circumstantial understanding for black male characters. While many of black male characters of Morrison seem to fail to show strong and promising black role model in a family, I would first contextualize this gender/race failure in the larger frame of American society that did not allow black men to perform as a man. Morrison`s many man-woman relationships depicted in the novel would give a clue why black men are considered irresponsible, vulnerable and violent in Morrison criticism. The devastated black men in Morrison`s novels fail to provide a positive vision because of harsh racial discrimination in white-centered American society. In the main section of this essay, I would attempt to connect social emasculation resulting from discriminatory racial segregation and their failing relationships in a black community, the Bottom. As “black” and as “man,” the Bottom`s men are vulnerable for they cannot properly perform their masculine roles in their own black community. Even if they try to express their manhood by marrying a black woman and pursuing a job, their attempt fails and only serves to confirm the inferiority that the society imposes on them. Through these analyses, this paper aims to focus upon the complex, problematic status of black male characters in Morrison`s novel by analyzing major black couples who fails to communicate each other, start a family, and maintain it. By doing so, black people`s domestic problems, which once seem to be inherent in a personal sphere of insecurity, irresponsibility, incompetence, and lacks, are closely related to and derived from the white-centered society.

나다니엘 호손의 인간관과 자연관

백낙승 ( Nakseung Baek )
미국소설학회|미국소설  22권 3호, 2015 pp. 125-147 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This study aims to define Nathaniel Hawthorne`s view of Man and Nature in his literary works. Hawthorne having Puritan ancestors is evidently the heir of the Puritan tradition, but he has very critical consciousness against their dogmatic behavior patterns doing much damage to human nature. Like his Puritan ancestors, he has the Calvinistic belief that the Original Sin, committed by Adam and Eve, has resulted in everyone`s innate sinfulness. However, he seeks to establish this view as the basis for a compassionate view of the plights caused by human shared imperfections. In that sense, it may be safely assumed that he is the unwilling heir of the Puritan tradition. Hawthorne`s subject of criticism can be interpreted as all the human negative qualities violating the sanctity of human heart and denying the common heart of humanity rather than the Puritans or the transcendental extremists themselves. It must be noticed that Hawthorne employs the natural objects as symbols to effectively convey his central ideas. His literary strategy lies in evoking poetical associations in New England landscape. As stated in “The Custom-House” of The Scarlet Letter, the writer who is very sensitive to the spirituality of place intends to grasp human mental state projected into the natural landscape. In his fiction, it is interesting that most natural objects symbolically reflect human psyche. In The Scarlet Letter, the prison stands for sin and the cemetery for death, which is closely related to the Puritan dogmatism. On the contrary, the rosebush and the forest represents natural beauty and wildness, which parallels Hester Prynne`s beauty and her mental state unrestrained by Puritan law. Such instances can also be found in his other novels and short stories. Hawthorne`s themes center upon the predicament of individuals alienated from society, the fellowship essential to human survival, and the exploration of the possibility of achieving a regenerated community. He manages to adopt various natural objects as symbols of human psyche, to aesthetically present such themes.

욕망의 심연, 사랑의 비루함: 헨리 제임스의 결혼 서사와 『비둘기의 날개』

윤조원 ( Joewon Yoon )
미국소설학회|미국소설  22권 3호, 2015 pp. 149-178 ( 총 30 pages)
7,000
초록보기
Contending that the popularity of the marriage plot is a symptom of cultural compulsion to fill up the lack that is figured in and by ‘woman’ in the collective imaginary of modern bourgeois society, this essay critiques the gender politics of conventional marriage plot structured by the myth of the phallus. Placing Henry James`s novels against this problematics, this study analyzes two of James`s novels as narratives that appropriate the conventional marriage plot to critique its fundamental premises. The Portrait of a Lady (1881) begins by borrowing some shared premises of the marriage plot but end up creating a female protagonist who, dislocated from the course of a woman becoming a subject through a phallic union with a man, becomes a “Subject” instead through a profound post-marital disillusionment with phallic masculinity. The Wings of the Dove (1902) dismantles the conventional marriage plot by highlighting the impossibility of the hegemonic formula-i.e., that of translating desire into heterosexual love and love into heteronormative marriage. Because the normatizing narrative of marriage heavily rests on the man`s phallic performance, the conventional marriage plot also ironically creates a crisis for the male subject. James points to the abjection of love, as a possibility of the subject`s emptying itself out in the abyss of desire and thus of wresting itself away from the phallic narrative that anchors desire to the telos of marriage. James`s most radical critique of the marriage narrative, as seen in The Wings of the Dove, may be found in his poignant representation of masculine subjectivity undoing its own phallic notion of self in the abyss of intersecting desires that cannot be contained in the marriage plot.

바틀비, 배달불능 편지

이광진 ( Kwangjin Lee )
미국소설학회|미국소설  22권 3호, 2015 pp. 179-201 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This paper attempts to interpret Herman Melville`s “Bartleby, the Scrivener: A Story of Wall-Street” by focusing on the story`s “sequel” and the dead letter it introduces. The sequel has been criticized by many critics as meaningless at best, but some suggest the dead letter (or the Dead Letter Office) as a critical clue to understand the story. This paper presents Bartleby as the dead letter to the lawyer, the narrator and employer of Bartleby. Based on recent research on the laid-offs, this paper attempts to reconstruct what Bartleby experienced psychologically when he appear in the narrator`s office. The research suggests he had trouble establishing a trust toward his boss and that he had a certain level of cynicism. By showing that Bartleby rejects the social values of his time and by comparing other writings on the dead letters with “Bartleby”, it argues that he is a message of the pre-industrial era delivered to the narrator who actively participates the main current of industrialization. The narrator, who senses something in Bartleby, is, in the end, unable to read and understand the message because he is already “dead” to the values of the previous era. Bartleby becomes a dead letter because the recipient is dead. The last line of the story, “Ah Bartleby! Ah humanity!” shows the narrator`s regretful realization of the meaning of Bartleby, but his realization comes too late.

해외입양 한인들과 국가의 치유적 대화

임진희 ( Jin Hee Yim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  22권 3호, 2015 pp. 203-225 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
Due to uncertainty and deprivation of one`s identity and existence, an adoptee experiences “ambiguous loss.” An overseas Korean adoptee is multifariously inscribed with unresolved components such as “the birth and adoptive nations,” and “biological and adoptive parents.” Feelings of guilt and shame derive from the overseas adoption; hence, the notion itself stands as a national trauma. Mutual communication and therapeutic discourses between the birth nations and adoptees can be observed by reading their life stories such as I Didn`t Know Who I was, a collection of personal essays and poems composed by the Korean adoptees after their “Motherland Tour,” and other transnational adoptees` narratives. In their candid confessions on adoption, the transracial and transcultural narratives converge on the ongoing controversial factors such as birth nation, adoptive country, birth parents, adoptive parents and adoption itself. In this paper, the recovery phases of one`s identity via his/her visit to the motherland shown in the adoptees` life stories and testimonial narratives are observed; moreover, examination of dialogues or discourses between an individual and the nations and also between birth and adoptive nations take place, which lead up to empathetic healing for all. The healing or consoling process of the narrative therapy for adoptees and the nations involves democratic tolerance or acceptance of multiple identities, which transcends dualistic rigidity, assimilation, and ethnic reductionism. Through the exploration of the intricate labyrinth of birth and adoptive nations and adoptees, the paper further explores the understanding of the socio-cultural constructions of adoption, the anxiety of belonging, and the deeply rooted trauma known as “loss without closure.”
6,800
초록보기
This study aims to explore how Herman Melville`s early travel writings, Typee (1846) and its sequel, Omoo (1847), on the one hand, contribute to the consolidation of American national identity as democratic people and, at the same time, appeal to contemporary colonialist impulse, focusing on his usage of two contradictory conceptions-the ‘Noble Savage’ and the ‘Ignoble Savage’-in representing the natives of the South Seas. First, this study investigates in what way Melville`s seemingly sympathetic portrayals of the aboriginal people in the South Seas are employed not only to criticize the imperial decadence, but to ingest and appropriate the virtues of so-called the “Noble Savage” as republican virtues. This study would uncover that the strategy of white Americans` association with the natives along with primitivism undeniably plays the significant role in forging national selfhood as democratic people of freedom, innocence, and simplicity, while negating European corrupt civilization and imperialism. Next, focusing attention on Tommo`s racially-charged colonialist usage of the rhetoric of the ‘Ignoble Savage’ which regards the natives as the animalistic, threatening Other, this study inquires how the previous association with the natives is in turn, or simultaneously, disapproved as a negative way of constructing American identity as civilized people. This study would allow us to comprehend Melville`s self-contradictory association and dissociation with the natives in his early novels are imbricated in a complex way concerning the matter of establishing national consciousness of the United States predicated on nationalism, and are not safely removed as well from his contemporary impulses and ideas of colonialism.
1