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> 미국소설학회 > 미국소설 > 23권 3호

미국소설검색

American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 23권 3호 (2016)

윌라 캐서의 남성인물 분석: 네 장편 주인공들을 중심으로

김용수 ( Young Soo Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  23권 3호, 2016 pp. 5-36 ( 총 32 pages)
7,200
초록보기
Willa Cather is known to be an American feminist novelist whose major works are about female characters who challenge and overcome their surrounding hardships with their undaunted will and courage. But, ironically, her first novel was about a man who undergoes a mid-life crisis as he becomes skeptical about his professional success and wealth when he meets his first lover, which reflects Cather`s inner conflict when she resolved to start a new life as a full-time novelist. Dissatisfied with Alexander`s Bridge, she turned to female protagonists from the Midwest in her following novels, which led to her fame as a novelist of nostalgia missing the lost past values. But she returned to male protagonists in One of Ours, The Professor`s House and Death Comes for the Archbishop after 1922. The 1920s in America was the Jazz Age when economic boom nourished materialism and low hedonistic culture, which disillusioned Cather and made her turn to the past ideal values. The momentum of her turn to male protagonists was the death of her cousin Grosvenor in World War I, which shocked and gave her an idea on an innocent Midwest youth whose disenchantment with his crude milieu leads him to yearn for French high culture and willingly die for his ideals. Professor`s House presents a famed old scholar who loses his energy and will to live in a materialistic world after accomplishing his masterpiece and looks backward for the lost values. He is dejected to the point of isolating himself from his family and being tempted to commit suicide. On the other hand, Archbishop Latour and his assistant and friend Father Vaillant in Death Comes for the Archbishop are the calm spectators on life who finally succeed in overcoming mundane ambition for fame and achievement. They are distinguished from other priests who are avaricious and corrupted pursuing worldly values, and they rebuild the collapsed Christianity in the newly-won territory of Southwest based on their respect for aboriginal culture and belief and devoting themselves to the perpetual values they believe. Through these three novels, Cather presents us the male protagonists whose belief in the lost values and ideals lead to different results and makes us to ponder on her meditation on the lifelong pursuit for true values.

근교소설의 전복적 텍스트로서 이창래의 『가족』 읽기

김진경 ( Jin Kyeong Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  23권 3호, 2016 pp. 37-62 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
This paper proposes to read Aloft as a `subversive` successor of the suburbia novel tradition. A white middle-class protagonist Jerry Battle, detailed interest in the uniformity of Long Island suburban life, alienation and desire for flight from his reality are some typical characteristics of the suburbia novel. Suburbia novels have been traditionally considered a white-centered genre in that they depict, with sympathy, the alienation and psychological poverty in the midst of material plenty felt and complained of by white middle-class suburban people. Jurca terms this feeling of `homeless at home` as `white diaspora` and criticizes the suburbia novel arguing that it justifies white dominance by converting those privileged people into victims of the suburban system. What makes Aloft a subversive text are its description of suburbs as racialized space and its focus on the oppression and exploitation of racial others by a white male protagonist and its aftermath. Jerry`s selfish retreat from reality and worldly cares, whose metaphor is his occasional flight in his Cessna, is challenged by the muted anger of his Korean wife Daisy`s suicide, the moving-out of his Puerto Rican lover Rita after 20 years of serving his family, and the stubborn denial of treatment for treatable cancer, and eventual death, of his daughter Theresa. Jerry matures after experiencing these crises, and brings all his remaining family into his house and helps them out with their respective difficulties. His active engaging in the `battle` with reality, along with the `communication` and `being nice to each other` performed by Jerry`s newly-formed family, is distinctly different from the prevalent affect of white diaspora in traditional suburbia novels. In conclusion, Aloft takes up the tradition of the suburbia novel to subvert its white-oriented assumptions and explore its new possibilities in a multicultural society.
6,600
초록보기
Dubbed “the forgotten war that never ended,” the Korean War is replete with senses of ambivalence, deferral, and repressed memory that resist Manichean constructions such as victim and perpetrator, national and foreign, friendly fire and enemy attack. Only a month into the war, it had become a commonplace assumption among U.S. military personnel that North Korean soldiers were masquerading as peasants and blending into refugee streams as a means of attacking troops from the rear; such suspicions foreground the No Gun Ri massacre, wherein 300 refugees were murdered by U.S. troops. Jayne Anne Phillips`s Lark and Termite reimagines the tragedy from an American soldier`s standpoint and maps the catastrophic legacies of the Korean War via his disabled son, whose birth in rural West Virginia coincides with his father`s death. In Toni Morrison`s Home, on the other hand, a Black soldier`s wartime violence perpetrated to a Korean refugee girl lays bare how the Korean War was also a contested site of racism both inside and outside the U.S. Such refugee frames are divergently at the forefront of Chang-rae Lee`s The Surrendered, which likewise features a U.S. soldier in a humanitarian role and narrates a Korean War orphan`s journey from stateless war subject to Korean American. By reading these three recent American novels together, this essay productively explores the intersection between war, disability narrative, and transnational homecoming. Charting the enduring effects of Korean War vis-a-vis the disabled subject, Lark and Termite, Home, and The Surrendered offer an oblique and still-relevant critique of U.S. exceptionalism, soldier liberation, and militarized humanitarianism.

동양은 서양에 도달했는가?:『동양 서양으로 가다』와 그 이후의 강용흘을 중심으로

최하영 ( Hayoung Choi )
미국소설학회|미국소설  23권 3호, 2016 pp. 89-114 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
Younghill Kang is considered as a frontier of Asian-American literature, especially, the founding father of Korean-American literature. Since the 1990s, the ambivalent claiming and disclaiming of America embedded in East Goes West has been newly appreciated, and the work was rediscovered as an essential canonical novel of Asian-American literature. Admitting prevalent critical acclaims for the work and Kang`s achievements, this essay, however, argues that Kang`s journey to the West did not arrive at the destined goal in spite of his Sisyphean labor. The self-coined phrase of his new identity, “Oriental Yankee,” with the contrast and contradiction the combination has, evokes a sense of an ominous ending to his American odyssey. Drawing on Edward Said`s argument in Orientalism, this article explores how Kang`s effort to establish himself as “an Eastern scholar in the West” was frustrated in the panoptic network of Orientalism, which revealed itself in the form of specific legal and institutional permission and prohibition, in his case, citizenship and professorship of university. Through an analysis of East Goes West, this article explores how Kang lets his persona, Chung Pa Han, employ skills of role playing and appropriate distance to get into the mainstream of American society. Also, this article shows how sensitively Kang senses all his efforts to know the West and to get accepted will be futile through an analysis of the dream in the ending and its seemingly awkward interpretation attached to it.

정동의 주체성: 캐더의 「폴의 사례」를 중심으로

한광택 ( Kwangtaek Han )
미국소설학회|미국소설  23권 3호, 2016 pp. 115-139 ( 총 25 pages)
6,500
초록보기
This essay examines how Willa Cather complicates and challenges the existing philosophical and theoretical notions of subjectivity by representing affective subjectivity of the titular protagonist in “Paul`s Case.” What Cather depicts about Paul`s ambiguous subjectivity, formative of and formed by its affective relations and responses to the world, indicates the way in which his subject oscillates between the conscious and the unconscious, as well as between subject and surroundings. By focusing on how Cather narrates such precarious ontological vacillation, I propose that she precisely captures and foreshadows the multifarious, contradictory aspects and operations of affective subjectivity so as to lead her readers to recognize the same constitutive contradictions within their affective subjectivity.

The Mulatto and Tabooed Desires: Reading James Weldon Johnson`s The Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man

( Kangyl Ko )
미국소설학회|미국소설  23권 3호, 2016 pp. 141-169 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
초록보기
This essay interrogates the dominant discourse of a mixed-race man`s sexuality under Jim Crow and its counter-discourse by exploring James Weldon Johnson`s The Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man (1912). Recent scholarship on the novel presents Johnson`s text as a somewhat conservative text in which the protagonist`s alleged deviation from normative racial identity and heterosexuality prefigures his tragic fate. Scholars such as Siobhan B. Somerville and Phillip Brian Harper contend that Johnson`s portrayal of his mulatto protagonist as a homosexual subject conforms to the logic of dominant white discourse in which homosexual and interracial sexuality are tabooed and stigmatized. Against those critical assessments of Johnson`s novel as a male version of the tragic mulatta narrative, my essay argues that The Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man challenges the cultural politics of racial segregation that racializes and sexualizes a light skinned black male subject. In doing so, I examine Johnson`s rhetorical strategy through which, I suggest, his narrative actually troubles the racist fantasy that pathologizes the protagonist`s biracial origins and sexuality. Specifically, I explore Johnson`s appropriation and strategic deployment of racist stereotypes associated with a mixed-race man, arguing that Johnson`s use of racist discourses criticizes rather than reifies the conservative politics that critics generally identify in The Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man.
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