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American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 24권 1호 (2017)

『아메리칸 사이코』와 백인 남성 위기담론의 역설

권지은 ( Jieun Kwon )
미국소설학회|미국소설  24권 1호, 2017 pp. 5-31 ( 총 27 pages)
6,700
초록보기
This paper aims to explore the cultural concept of “white male crisis” and its impact on Bret Easton Ellis`s American Psycho. By ideologically re-defining the American white male as a “new minority” group assaulted by women, immigrants, and non-Caucasian citizens, a number of white men have claimed that they are the most persecuted group in the US. American Psycho has been largely regarded, in both popular and academic fields, as a work that manifests this cultural phenonenon. Contrary to the general consensus, this paper is based upon the preposition that this work actually debunks the problematic of white male crisis by revealing its ideological limitation. This is most penchant in the concept of white male as an Other-ized group. Not only does the novel show that the grouping of white male is an attempt to ideologically transform the crisis of subject to the crisis of white male, but it also implies that the category is, in itself, an identity that can be constituted only as a form of negativity against non-white and non-male identities, and thus it lacks its own positive characteristics.

『만조의 바다 위에서』에 나타난 초국가적 자본주의와 생명/죽음 정치

이귀우 ( Gui-woo Lee )
미국소설학회|미국소설  24권 1호, 2017 pp. 33-54 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
Chang-rae Lee`s most recent novel is not a SF fiction a la Le Guin, but certainly speculative and set in the dystopian future America. For all the dystopian features of the novel, it is based upon the author`s solid reading of present-day American and global socio-political-economic situation. This essay aims to analyze the socio-political aspects of the world constructed in On Such a Full Sea, drawing on the Foucaudian concept of bio/necropolitics, and the concept of “expulsions” from Saskia Sassen`s sociological study of transnational global economy. These concepts help to understand how the novel`s future world got to be there. This essay ultimately argues that Chang-rae Lee presents the three different classes in the novel as all trapped in a highly stratified society, and analyzes how he portrays the spiritual and psychological consequences of living in such a world. It is Fan`s risk-taking departure from the cloistered production facility, called B-Mor, that spurred the B-Morians to call into question where they are. The narrator “we,” in the first person plural form, finds the possibility of change in the freedom of soul that Fan witnesses in a few people she encounters in her journey. Through their communal art work of legend-making about Fan, the B-Morians start to make sense of themselves, and begin to change their understanding of the world.

Becoming American by Exorcising “Indian” Ghosts in Mira Jacob`s The Sleepwalker`s Guide to Dancing

( Kyung-sook Boo )
미국소설학회|미국소설  24권 1호, 2017 pp. 55-83 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
초록보기
Mira Jacob`s 2014 debut novel, The Sleepwalker`s Guide to Dancing, spans several decades piecing together the story of the Eapens` immigration from India to America as Syrian Christian Indians (St. Thomas Christians from India, also known as the Suriani). Throughout the novel, Thomas and Kamala Eapens use the word “American” in a vaguely racialized manner to indicate people other than Suriani “Indians,” usually white, yet the novel constantly uses “Indian” to refer to both Indian Americans and American Indians without distinction. The central locations of the novel, Albuquerque and Seattle, sites of historical dislocation of indigenous peoples and ongoing settler colonialism, renders this slippage as doubly problematic. The conflation of “Indian” is further complicated through Amina, the Eapens` daughter, who has to exorcise the ghosts of Bobby McCloud, a leader of the Puyallup tribe of Tacoma Indians whose suicide in a garish “Cherokee male” costume from Sally`s Party Supply she happened to capture on film, and of Akhil, her brother, “the Indian James Dean,” who committed suicide as a teenager and who once told Amina that “Indians don`t leave” because “they`re into the whole live forever-in-misery thing” before she can move on with her life and claim American belonging for herself. As Amina negotiates what it means to be American as a non-white immigrant dislocated herself by the legacy of colonialism participating in the settler colonialism that dislocated the indigenous population, she realizes that she has to exorcise the ghosts of both Indians, Bobby and Akhil, in order to become American. Thus, Amina`s narrative, as an extension and continuation of her parents, the Eapens`, demonstrates how non-white and non-Western European immigrants can also choose active participation in settler colonialism and its logic of elimination as an expedited path to belonging in America.

Meridian, an “Anachronistic” Black Intellectual

( Jee Hyun An )
미국소설학회|미국소설  24권 1호, 2017 pp. 85-106 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
While conceding to the critical consensus that Meridian is an exploration of the internal workings of the Civil Rights Movement through the lens of the protagonist Meridian whose political awakening functions as the major arc of the story, this essay argues that Meridian is a rumination not on the Movement per se, but on what happens when the Movement is over. The text raises larger questions about the role of the black intellectual and his/her relationship with the community after a defined political movement has come to a close. Contrary to the notion that Meridian is transfixed in the still time of the Civil Rights Movement, the novel historicizes the Movement and presents us with a politicized present in which Meridian is committed to ameliorating poverty, rather than investing in a political project resting on racial solidarity. Unlike Truman or Lynne who under the guise of “race-men” or a Northern intellectual, “homogenizes” black “people,” Meridian inhabits the same material conditions as the poor. In this regard, Meridian`s determination to “be held by the past” does not connote an immersion in the African American heritage, but rather a commitment to helping the poor. This propels Meridian forward to a politicized future where terms of inequalities may be in a constant flux. As such, this essay recontexualizes Meridian in the political present, rather than interpreting it as a reflection of an unchanging and reified “past” Movement based on racial solidarity.

Finding Eliza: Hannah Webster Foster`s Seductive Libertinism in The Coquette

( Ki Yoon Jang )
미국소설학회|미국소설  24권 1호, 2017 pp. 107-138 ( 총 32 pages)
7,200
초록보기
Hannah Webster Foster`s 1797 novel, The Coquette, is considered as one of the most representative protofeminist works in American literature. That consideration ironically depends on the gender-biased reading of the novel that focuses on its female characters. Such reading merely reiterates the heroine Eliza Wharton`s arrested development under the dualistic view of woman as either a lady or a coquette enforced by other female characters, and confines feminist criticism within its own hermeneutic paradigm. This essay questions the validity of the women-centered interpretation of the novel, and proposes to regard one of the most traditional male figures of the sentimental novel, a libertine, as Foster`s progressive choice of medium to convey a truly protofeminist message. The essay applies the Americanized notion of libertine as a “womanly man” to Foster`s notorious rake Major Peter Sanford, and examines how his unmanly susceptibility to not only physical but more importantly emotional charms of Eliza serves to demonstrate her multifaceted personality as it is in his letters to the other rake Charles Deighton. The essay`s analysis of Foster`s libertine characters aims to illuminate her gender-transcending vision of both women and men as complex individuals.

The Politics of Natural Disasters in Gary Pak`s Children of a Fireland

( Mojca Penca )
미국소설학회|미국소설  24권 1호, 2017 pp. 139-170 ( 총 32 pages)
7,200
초록보기
Hawai`i is an example of a place where decolonization has yet to take place, and where sovereignty is very much a current issue. Gary Pak, hailed as one of the most prominent Asian-Hawaiian authors, identifies himself primarily as a local writer whose fiction addresses the issue of Hawai`i`s cultural and (neo)colonial politics. His 2004 novel Children of a Fireland, set in an imaginary town of Kanewai, takes under scrutiny the pervasive practices of (neo)colonialism and its disturbing effects on the environment and indigenous culture. This paper argues that the many natural disasters in the novel operate on a political, and not on a cultural level. The natural disasters are presented as supernatural, even fantastical events in order to expose not just the violent impact colonialism has had on both peoples and the land, but also the manner in which it was carried out through the divine sanction of the Church. Therefore, by way of mapping religion-Christianity vs. shamanism-onto the landscape of natural phenomena, and by demonstrating the novel`s strategic use of catastrophic events, this paper argues that all fantastical and environmental catastrophes can be traced back to US imperialism. When true decolonization cannot take place, the supernatural disasters, which happen at sites of monumental importance to indigenous history, restore the landscape to its precolonial state. Ultimately, the land can only be reclaimed through the imagination. By erasing marks of colonial history and by blurring, at least, temporarily the distinctions between the local and settler communities, the supernatural disasters offer a means of overcoming imperialism.
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