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> 미국소설학회 > 미국소설 > 26권 2호

미국소설검색

American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 26권 2호 (2019)

우울과 여성의 저항: 로울랜슨의 『억류와 귀환』

강우성 ( Woosung Kang )
미국소설학회|미국소설  26권 2호, 2019 pp. 5-31 ( 총 27 pages)
6,700
초록보기
This essay tries to re-read female narratives of the 17th century Puritan society in terms of their strategy of melancholic resistance. Focusing on the way the Puritan women upheld their identity as a woman in contradistinction from the patriarchal system of religious community, I would like to elaborate how the Puritan women’s writings are much more literary than those of their male counterparts. Especially, Mary Rowlandson’s narrative subtly but effectively deconstructs the Puritan taboo of blood mixing. Offering as it does what the Puritan patriarch wants to hear from her captivity and allowing their meta-narrative intervention, Rowlandson performs the role of a gentle woman, which revolves around the doubt about her chastity. Deliberately debasing herself below the human being and effacing her femininity, she succeeds dismantling the Purtian reader’s expectation of her womanhood. Far too excessive descriptions of her disgraceful sufferings as a survivor, who pushes herself into the extreme of instinctive animality, strangely disarm the ideological structure of the Puritan idea of modest femininity and sacrificial motherhood. In this sense, her narrative is not only the record of her realistic experience per se but also a counter-narrative against the 17th century American Puritan society. Rowlandson’s self-presentation as a melancholic, who displaces her denouncing gesture into a disguised self-debasement, aptly resists the time old contradiction in the Purtain patriarchy. Neither a scapegoat of motherhood nor a hero of the Puritan femininity, Rowlandson’s narrator simply justifies her survival as a woman.

엘리자베스 펠프스의 『열려있는 문』이 제시하는 여성들의 천국

안동현 ( Dong Hyun Ahn )
미국소설학회|미국소설  26권 2호, 2019 pp. 33-53 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
The national crisis of the Civil War resulted in unprecedented casualties. The church tried to console the bereaved family by giving them hope for the afterlife based on their orthodox doctrines of heaven, but they were unsuccessful. The Gates Ajar by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps was intended as a message of condolence to women suffering from the loss of their loved ones. Phelps presents heaven not as a place far from our real world, but as a place human, actual, and very close to living people. She presents this new view of heaven through Winifred. Winifred helps Mary overcome the grief of losing her brother Roy with this perspective. Winifred is a kind of alternative/lay minister who comforts suffering people and helps those in despair restore their faith. At the same time, she encourages Mary to be an independent individual. With Winifred’s help, Mary grows into a strong, self-sufficient woman. Phelps presents a woman’s independence and individuality as a virtue of the heavenly kingdom and describes the process of how Mary achieves it. In addition to presenting a feminine perspective different from the contemporary Christian churches’ view of heaven, Phelps also showcases positive feminine leadership through Winifred, and illustrates the sisterhood between Winifred and Mary. They encourage and rely on each other. This is another reason why The Gates Ajar is a significant feminist text.

타자/텍스트의 불가사의(enigma)와 퀴어한 읽기: 「바틀비」와 바틀비

윤조원 ( Joewon Yoon )
미국소설학회|미국소설  26권 2호, 2019 pp. 55-81 ( 총 27 pages)
6,700
초록보기
Herman Melville’s “Bartleby the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street” is a tale borne of Bartleby’s strange desire―a desire barely discernible, yet discernibly aspiring to negativity. This study is a foray into the modes of inscrutability that Melville mobilizes in Bartleby the character as well as in the tale itself. For this, I question implications of a wide-spread reading that relies upon the uncorroborated rumor regarding Bartleby’s career at the dead letter office. For such a reading complies to, and replicates, the lawyer-narrator’s suggestive strategy of reading Bartleby within the limits of normative and normatizing epistemology. Borrowing Leo Bersani’s critical notion, I view the lawyer’s ineffectual yet stubborn attempts to diagnose Bartleby, identify the etiology, and cure his malaise as a “redemptive” project. A redemptive approach assumes that an opaque text’s hidden meaning is in need of redemptive excavation. This hermeneutic model operates under the premise of transparent meaning while subjugating the enigmatic otherness into the category of the incomplete/pathological/abnormal. The enigma of Bartleby is a kind of perversion, insofar as perversion in the Freudian scheme is a refusal or failure to complete or adhere to the teleological trajectory of heterosexual productivity. Bartleby neither conforms to the teleological mandates of the lawyer’s Wall Street law office, nor falls into conceptual categories or (ab)normality readily available to him who complacently inhabit such a space. The narrator is both terrified and fascinated by Bartleby, but his fear of Bartleby’s unmanning effect compels him finally to subsume Bartleby into his order by sneakily resorting to the ungrounded rumor of Bartleby’s association with dead letters. By pathologizing what can only be termed Bartleby’s queerness, the narrator explains away his negative desire and thereby coerces sense out of what defies sense; and it is this redemptive hermeneutics of the narrator that structures his narrative. “Bartleby,” then, is an exemplary queer text which lays bare the very process in which queer becomes pathological for its very incommensurability― the process in which hegemonic epistemology attempts to domesticate an enigmatic text/other by turning it into a pathological object for redemption and lamentation.

A Romantic Impossibility: The Pitfalls and Values of Self-Construction in Moby Dick

( Hyeng Kun Kim )
미국소설학회|미국소설  26권 2호, 2019 pp. 83-105 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This paper centers around the idea of ‘self-construction,’ an attempt at which is made by the two main characters of Moby Dick: Ahab and Ishmael. The central argument is that this attempt at fleshing out one’s own identity and dignity, although bound for disintegration, is nevertheless pregnant with internal values. The endeavor proceeds from the “heartless voids and immensities of the universe,” in which humans are engendered ex nihilo and left to universal vulturism without knowing the whys and wherefores of their Being. Hence, the aforementioned characters in the novel seek to establish the order of their Selves by conquering the inscrutable world of Other. Nevertheless, the interpenetration of Self and Other baffles their endeavors to carve out the former by understanding the latter. This loss of demarcation between Self and Other engenders that “ungraspable phantom of life” which involves humanity in a circular toil. Despite the futility of the quest, nonetheless, undergirding their attempts at self-construction are two intrinsic values that defy the logic of teleological progression. First, the process of acting for a purpose imbues Ishmael’s life with an existential mainspring, preventing him from losing himself in the “Descartian vortices” of morbid nihilism. Second, the normative values that the assayers feel in their trial is held as a touchstone of truth that eclipses the calculation of result. In case of Ahab, his remonstration with God’s dereliction and irresponsibility emanates a crying pursuit of democratic justice for humanity. In this sense, the novel’s display of human failures is less a call for a categorical abandonment of what is bound to fail than an allusion to the lofty values that keep humans gravitating towards those ‘failures’ despite the futility.
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