Nathaniel Hawthorne and Herman Melville first met at a picnic on Monument Mountain in the Berkshires in Massachusetts on August 5, 1850. Participents also included were Oliver Wendel Holms, Evert Duyckinck, Cornelious Mathews, and Dudley Field. The picnic bears an important mark in American literature as well as on the life and the works of Melville, especially on Moby-Dick. For, if it weren`t for their historic meeting, there would not have been Moby-Dick as we have it today. The novel was first designed as a story on whalings and it was near completion in August of 1850 when they met. After reading Hawthorne`s Tales for the first time in July and meeting its author in August, Melville, however, started reworking on the novel delaying its publication till October the next year. Melville published the novel with a dedication to Hawthorne, his mentor, $quot;in token of my admiration for his genius.$quot; What $quot;fascinated and fixed$quot; the younger writer was the $quot;blackness$quot; in Hawthorne which Melville thought was derived from Calvinistic doctrines of the innate depravity of human nature and Original Sin. According to Sophia Hawthorne, Melville $quot;dashed his tumultuous waves of thought up against Mr. Hawthorne`s great, genial, comprehending silences.$quot; This habitual great $quot;silences$quot; made Melville think he was estranged and even $quot;rebuffed.$quot; After the publication of The Scarlet Letter in April 1850, the Hawthornes took residence at Lenox, Berkshires, six miles from Pitsfield where Melville moved from New York a month after meeting Hawthorne at the picnic and did mast of his reworking on Moby-Dick. Although their association in the Berkshires was brief, a little over a year, and their meetings not frequent enough to satisfy Melville`s craving intellectual need, the influence of their meetings on the reworking on Moby-Dick was great enough to transform the original fishery story to a grand symbolic epic of the White Whale.