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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

미국소설검색

American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 4권 0호 (1997)

고 장왕록박사 추모기념호 : 머리말 ; 호손 학회 10 주년을 맞으며

최진영
미국소설학회|미국소설  4권 0호, 1997 pp. 2-2 ( 총 1 pages)
1,000
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N/A

Hawthorne 과 Melville 의 친교와 영향관계

박영의(Young Ui Park)
미국소설학회|미국소설  4권 0호, 1997 pp. 9-27 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
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Nathaniel Hawthorne and Herman Melville first met at a picnic on Monument Mountain in the Berkshires in Massachusetts on August 5, 1850. Participents also included were Oliver Wendel Holms, Evert Duyckinck, Cornelious Mathews, and Dudley Field. The picnic bears an important mark in American literature as well as on the life and the works of Melville, especially on Moby-Dick. For, if it weren`t for their historic meeting, there would not have been Moby-Dick as we have it today. The novel was first designed as a story on whalings and it was near completion in August of 1850 when they met. After reading Hawthorne`s Tales for the first time in July and meeting its author in August, Melville, however, started reworking on the novel delaying its publication till October the next year. Melville published the novel with a dedication to Hawthorne, his mentor, $quot;in token of my admiration for his genius.$quot; What $quot;fascinated and fixed$quot; the younger writer was the $quot;blackness$quot; in Hawthorne which Melville thought was derived from Calvinistic doctrines of the innate depravity of human nature and Original Sin. According to Sophia Hawthorne, Melville $quot;dashed his tumultuous waves of thought up against Mr. Hawthorne`s great, genial, comprehending silences.$quot; This habitual great $quot;silences$quot; made Melville think he was estranged and even $quot;rebuffed.$quot; After the publication of The Scarlet Letter in April 1850, the Hawthornes took residence at Lenox, Berkshires, six miles from Pitsfield where Melville moved from New York a month after meeting Hawthorne at the picnic and did mast of his reworking on Moby-Dick. Although their association in the Berkshires was brief, a little over a year, and their meetings not frequent enough to satisfy Melville`s craving intellectual need, the influence of their meetings on the reworking on Moby-Dick was great enough to transform the original fishery story to a grand symbolic epic of the White Whale.

The Blithedale Romance 의 전원주의적 해석

박양근(Yang Keun Park)
미국소설학회|미국소설  4권 0호, 1997 pp. 29-54 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
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Both American pastoralism and European pastoralism derive from Greek mythological pastoralism. However, American pastoralism soon developed complexity and psychology, particularly in the work of writers such as Robert Beverly, William Bryant, Cooper, Emerson and Thoreau. Their ideas form the foundation of American literature. Hawthorne is one of the most significant writers who contributed to the literary transformation of American pastoralism. He created a system of dual characterization in order to display the conflict between rualism and urbanism. He also employs the use of variant backgrounds in order to reveal organic responses to the actions of the characters. The Blithedale Romance uses two protagonists (Coverdale and Priscilla) and three antagonists (Hollingworth, Zenobia and Westervelt) in order to represent Hawthorne`s ambiguity towards the ideal of pastoralism and its order. Although the writer demonstrates a certain nostalgia for the purity and humanness evidenced in nature, he cannot but accept the inevitability of an industrial and commercial invasion of the countryside. These social aspects of this conflict are illustrated by various characters of Hawthorne`s. Priscilla`s natural disposition responds to a well landscape. Hawthorne`s narrator and alterego. Coverdale is transformed into another man on the farm in spite of his previous urban disposition. The two protagonists are closely connected through the use of natural images such as birds, flowers, and honey. On the other hand, Hollingsworth is seen to become impotent because of his selfish economic ambition. Zenobia drowns due ultimately to her artificial passion. Westervelt fades as a character because of his overdominent concern with industrialism and science. All the antagonists represent the effects of modernization in 19th century America.. In doing so, Hawthorne`s characters offer themselves as the prototype of other American pastoral novels and romances. The Blithedale Romance, despite certain literary defects, marks a watershed in the development of the modern pastoral. And Hawthorne emerges as a major pastoral novelist building a theater on the unoccupied land between the Imaginary and the Real.

1884 년의 Hawthorne : " The Artist of the Beautiful " 과 " Drowne`s Wooden Image " 의 비교 연구

김용수(Young Soo Kim)
미국소설학회|미국소설  4권 0호, 1997 pp. 55-76 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
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Hawthorne`s short stories $quot;The Artist of the Beautiful$quot; and $quot;Drowne`s Wooden Image$quot; were both written in 1844. Except that they were published in the same year, these two stories attract our attention as they deal with similar themes of artists, their relationship with viewers, and their duties, and they show both positive and negative attributes that are in contrast to each other in many ways. Hawthorne`s portraits of these artists are inseparably connected to his circumstances at the time of writing. Privately, between his marriage in 1842 and the birth of his daughter Una in 1844, he suffered from financial difficulties which resulted in the family`s separation from Boston to Salem. And in the 1840s when Americans enjoyed material prosperity owing to rapid industrialization based on their pragmatic ways of thought, spiritual and abstract values were relatively neglected, and artistic activities were fairly shrunk by the general mood of deeming them as unproductive and ineffective. Artists suffered from the viewers` indifference to their vision that resulted in their financial as well as spiritual difficulties. But, when viewed on the part of the society and its public, artists also had certain duties as its members to contribute to it. Therefore, Hawthorne`s dilemma revealed in the above stories was how an artist could retain his artistic vision without sacrificing his connection with its viewers. The main characters of these two stories, Owen and Drowne, have different and contrastive attitudes and ideas to art and artwork. Owen is presented as a pure and sincere artist whose creative vision is realized in an artificial butterfly but is refused by dull viewers; Drowne is an artisan turned artist whose one-time creative power, infused by his love for its model, is realized in the head figure that connects him to his viewers but is lost forever after that. The former is criticized because he doesn`t make any active attempt to convey his vision to common viewers; the latter is censured because of his lack of creative imagination in his artifacts except his single genuine work of art. Thus, these two stories show how difficult it is for an artist to maintain both his creative power and his communion with the public in an ideal state, which was also Hawthorne`s personal dilemma as an earnest writer.

수정주의 소설시학 : 「 블라이드데일 로멘스 」와 「 보스턴 사람들 」

함연진(Yeon Jin Hahm)
미국소설학회|미국소설  4권 0호, 1997 pp. 77-103 ( 총 27 pages)
6,700
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As Harold Bloom points out, the history of fruitful literary influence is to be said a history of anxiety and self-saving caricature, of distortion, of perverse, wilful revisionism without which modern fiction as such could not exist. To some extent, it is true that James has built Hawthorne into the generative processes of his art. To conceive, in James`s case, is to conceive with Hawthorne`s aid: to imagine a narrative world is to have recourse to Hawthorne`s imaginings; to know his subjects is to grasp them in Hawthorne`s light. Once the Hawthorne-James relation is established, it is customary to turn to their books and watch how they interact. The Blithedale Romance and The Bostonians were selected for this kind of research in this paper. My own strong sense is that the difference in the way James`s novel bears influence is not explicable in terms of influence alone. The altered form of literary traditionality is one of a whole set of related transformations in turn reflect James`s inauguration of not just a different way of writing but a different way of thinking about the kind of work that writing it. Not surprisingly, Blithedale becomes the central Hawthorne text for James. The Bostonians, a novel in which every effort to enlist another in a cause masks a move to enlist that other in the service of one`s desires, concisely reenacts what James takes to be the lesson of Blithedale: the unconcious way in which the search for the common good may cover a hundred interested impulses and personal motives. What James specifically lifts out of Blithedale is Hawthorne`s way of representing the operation of abstract ideas in dramatic action. Methodological superiority is one more advantage James can claim in his ongoing struggle with Hawthorne, and during his realist phase it is the tactical weapon he relies on most heavily. By affirming the value of realism`s $quot;closer notation,$quot; he can construe Hawthorne`s fiction as, in effect, unachieved-suggestive idea, but imperfect in its relation. Every blurred element in Blithedale becomes an element James can show off his superior initiation by correcting, so his goal in The Bostonians is to refashion and rewrite Blithedale in such a way as to leave nothing vague.

Nathaniel Hawthorne 의 작품에 나타난 이상적 인간형 - 여성인물을 중심으로 -

천연희(Yeon Hee Cheon)
미국소설학회|미국소설  4권 0호, 1997 pp. 105-132 ( 총 28 pages)
6,800
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Nathaniel Hawthorne shows a progressive, liberal and modern attitude towards relationship between man and woman. He exibits a sympathetic understanding of women`s troubles and plights and understand the power of feminity as it relates to both woman and man. This study is to examine the androgynous nature of Hawthorne and his characters. Hawthorne possessed many of the inherent characteristics usually considered as the feminine traits--tenderness, sensitivity and intuition. He was an androgyne not only in his fiction world but also in reality. In his works Hawthorne shows men`s egoism and false pride which is often hidden by an obsessive desire for perfection. These tend to ultimately distroy both women and men themselves. Men`s failure to accept women`s love and counsel leads to their own isolation and plight. Through the study on the women characters in his writing, I concluded that Hawthorne understand the need of love and necessity for individuals to accept both masculine and feminine in their own nature for the brighter male-female relationship. In this sense, Hawthorne is a true androgyne.

The Many - Colored me - Taward a Poetics of Multiplicity in the American Renaissance

(Ik Tu Park)
미국소설학회|미국소설  4권 0호, 1997 pp. 133-162 ( 총 30 pages)
7,000
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N/A

A Dualistic Vision in Hawthorne`s The Blithedale Romance

(Ui Rak Kim)
미국소설학회|미국소설  4권 0호, 1997 pp. 163-186 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
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N/A

Nathaniel Hawthorne`s Art of Romance and Its Problems in The Blithedale Romance

(In Chan Park)
미국소설학회|미국소설  4권 0호, 1997 pp. 187-197 ( 총 11 pages)
5,100
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N/A

Hitorical Antithesis in " Roger Malvin`s Burial "

(Young Hee Chang)
미국소설학회|미국소설  4권 0호, 1997 pp. 199-216 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
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N/A
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