Nathaniel Hawthorne uses biblical myths as reliable means for his search to find the ultimate truth and interpret the reality. So naturally, many biblical images can be found in his works. There are broader analogies between The Scarlet Letter and The Book of Esther. But the most remarkable clue that he uses The Book of Esther as a frame of reference is the name of Hester, who is named for the biblical name of Queen Esther. In addition to that, these books have many common characteristics in major characters, theme, genre, and the structure. Esther and Hester are described as beautiful and the most attractive women in each work. Having secrets to keep, they both at first are in low social status, whose religious beliefs are different from those of their societies. To have their requests granted, the heroines are ready to defend their rights to the death. Arthur Dimmesdale finds a counterpart in Mordecai in the Bible, in that they are both religious leaders of the people. The Bible says Mordacai, the cousin of Esther, raised her because she was orphaned. But according to the Septuagint version of the story, Esther and Mordecai are said to have a secret sexual relation as in the relation of Dimmesdale and Hester. As a version of Satan, Roger Chillingworth finds a counterpart in Haman, who lived in the pursuit of revenge, ruining himself in the course of his revenge against Mordecai. The theme of the Book of Esther is to explain and justify the celebration of Purim festival, the symbol of redemption of the chosen people Israel; the theme of Dimmesdale`s sermon, the climax of this work, is to prophesy the high and glorious destiny of the newly gathered people of God. The Book of Esther is unique among the books of the Old Testament not to include the word God, which is strange in that the purpose of the Bible is to disclose the grace of God and redemption of Jesus Christ. Likewise, The Scarlet Letter does not have the word adultery and the scene of seduction, even though it deals with the woman committing adultery.