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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

미국소설검색

American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 6권 0호 (1999)

현실과 허구의 공존 : The Scarlet Letter 의 역사성

김지원(Ji Won Kim)
미국소설학회|미국소설  6권 0호, 1999 pp. 5-28 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
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In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne`s desire to connect his narrative with history is first shown by the time frame he uses. When Hawthorne chose to write about seventeenth-century Boston, it was a community that recognized no clear line between the real world and what we might call fairyland. His explicit aim in this novel is that the $quot;Actual$quot; and the $quot;Imaginary$quot; may meet and reality and fiction can coexist. Hawthorne pretends to borrow his nan active`s authority by attributing its origin to a historical document. The implications of the narrator`s finding the scarlet letter in $quot;The Custom-House$quot; sketch are of considerable importance to the narrative. The symbolic status of the letter `A` begins to have a variety of meanings by the narrator`s emphasizing its literal existence. As the tone of $quot;The Custom-House$quot; begins to define the content of The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne becomes a character in that romance, and his voice echoes throughout the book with its complication of tones. Hawthorne means us to hear his voice about the most American radical woman. We finally meet Hester to be transformed into an agent of social cohesion after Dimmesdale`s metamorphosis, from secret rebel into public prophet. 1fie reason of Nester`s final conversion to the letter A is not directly stated, but it is clearly deliberate on Hawthorne`s part. In effect, Hawthorne invites us to participate in a free and voluntary symbol making. It is in this sense that no longer is the reader of The Scarlet Letter the passive recipient of those ideas that the author has planted in his text. For Hawthorne, the strongest reality of passion or guilt seems to be in the past, especially the history of New England. In The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne attempts to destroy our established conceptions of what history and fiction are, which suggests that our own reading of the novel is also historically determined. In the end, we can surely call Hawthorne one of the most historically-minded writers in America.

Hawthorne 의 가정주의로의 전이 : The House of the Seven Gables 의 새로 일기

박양근(Yang Keun Park)
미국소설학회|미국소설  6권 0호, 1999 pp. 29-46 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
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The recent critical studies show that Nathaniel Hawthorne was a writer in pursuit of art and domesticity both as man and writer. Accordingly, The House of the Seven Gables forms a sort of chain of alternating themes between Hawthorne`s pursuit of art and the quest for domesticity. This novel has the domestic theme of the quest for a home life, which reflects Hawthone`s life in Lenox, and also prevailed in the middle of 19th century America. In the novel, the not-houseless-but-homeless wanderers try to obtain mutual happiness within $quot;the circle of the hearth-fire.$quot; Hawthorne`s male characters prefer falling into the domestic influence of the $quot;blonde maiden$quot; within the home. The descent of Clifford is a psychological jump into the humanistic and worldly life. Holgrave, longing to rebuild his home, becomes entrapped in love`s web made by Phoebe. These surrogates are, therefore, a representative of a would-be family man and a side of $quot;two-Hawthornes,$quot; who were in turn an adventurous artist and a home-seeker throughout his life. This sort of interpretation is in accordance with autobiographical meanings of Hawthorne`s domestic literary themes. Thus, this novel signifies how the 19th century domestic movements and Hawthorne`s transition into domestic life are interwoven in the novel of a neutral territory.

The Scarlet Letter 와 포스트모던 시학

박인두(Ik Tu Park)
미국소설학회|미국소설  6권 0호, 1999 pp. 47-84 ( 총 38 pages)
7,800
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This paper aims at showing the positive relationship between Hawthorne`s poetics demonstrated in The Scarlet Letter and Postmodernist poetics. Hawthorne in the story makes in radically ironic ways the very idea of Reality (Being) problematic. Since literary Reality in the story is for him inscrutable, he is interested in it as it is shown in its multiple shadowing in the romance. The diversified shadowing of Reality, or $quot;the truth of the human heart,$quot; results in the poetics of multiplicity. The poetics achieves its aesthetic intention mainly in the multiple metamorphoses of $quot;A$quot; and major characters in the romance. The aesthetic assumptions of Postmodernist poetics show themselves ontologically and epistemologically corresponding to those of The Scarlet Letter. For Postmodernist poetics posits the unknowable Reality, or $quot;indeterminacy$quot; of Being. 1fie poetics, thus, tries to establish temporary and provisional shadowing of Reality-the non-referential mode of shadowing many truths of indeterminate Reality. Hence the indeterminate forms of discourse lead to the diversified world of relative perspectivism, decanonization-the world of plurality, which corresponds to Hawthorne`s multiplicity in the romance. Specifically, the postmodern features of the work manifest themselves in the various interpretations inherent in $quot;A$quot; and major characters. Like the letter itself, the romance dots not represent some self-possessed truth. On the contrary, the novel is its $quot;many readings.$quot; Hawthorne uses primarily three devices in the romance, which had been defined by him as $quot;a neutral territory. . . where the actual and the imaginary may meet.$quot; His plot as a series of scenes, his allegory with the possibility of multiple interpretations, and his ambiguity depicting his sense of unknowable Reality, find their equivalents in the poetics of Postmodernists. The romance as a genre shares common forms of episteme in postmodern $quot;New Gnosticism$quot;; the plot of the romance finds its equivalent in postmodern $quot;collage,$quot; $quot;fragmentation,$quot; and $quot;circular redundancy$quot;; allegory in the work shows postmodern $quot;immanence$quot;; and ambiguity in the story corresponds to postmodern $quot;indeterminacy.$quot; Last but not least, these features of postmodern poetics in The Scarlet Letter illustrate a paradigm of installation and subversion of historiographic metafiction, defined and elaborated by Linda Hutcheon in her studies in postmodern poetics.

A Reading of Hawthorne`s The Blithedale Romance : Is Zenobia Another Veiled Lady ?

손정희(Jeong Hee Sohn)
미국소설학회|미국소설  6권 0호, 1999 pp. 85-109 ( 총 25 pages)
6,500
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N/A

" The Minister`s Black Veil " 에 나타난 Nathaniel Hawthorne 의 로맨스 이론

윤미경
미국소설학회|미국소설  6권 0호, 1999 pp. 111-122 ( 총 12 pages)
5,200
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N/A

성의 우화 - " Rappaccini`s Daughter " 를 중심으로 -

이은숙(Eun Sook Lee)
미국소설학회|미국소설  6권 0호, 1999 pp. 123-137 ( 총 15 pages)
5,500
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Many critics have argued that there are two types of women--`the fair lady` and `the dark lady`-in Hawthorne`s stories. They have insisted `the dark lady` is charming but dangerous so she is punished. If we follow this dichotomy, Beatrice in $quot;Rappaccini`s Daughter$quot; is `a dark lady`. She is dangerous and even a harmful being to the male protagonists. Hawthorne, however, never tells us whether she is actually poisonous or dangerous. By closing the story without further explanation on her it is assumed that what Hawthorne tries to show is not what she is but how she dies. On the first sight Giovanni identifies Beatrice with the purple flower in the garden. He dreams that bath are very dangerous in either shape. His dream and fancy are closely related with the patriarchal belief that woman is either an angel or a demon. `This is made clear through contradictory views on Beatrice by two father figures, Dr. Rappaccini and Baglioni. Their insistences accord with the patriarchal teaching on woman. Distracted by the teaching, Giovanni loses his faith in her and helps he other men drive her to death. Through the relation between Giovanni and Beatrice Hawthorne not only portrays woman`s destiny in the patriarchal society but insinuates man could be another victim.

The Scarlet Letter 와 「 에스더 」 ( The Book of Esther )

장인식(Ein Sik Chang)
미국소설학회|미국소설  6권 0호, 1999 pp. 139-159 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
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Nathaniel Hawthorne uses biblical myths as reliable means for his search to find the ultimate truth and interpret the reality. So naturally, many biblical images can be found in his works. There are broader analogies between The Scarlet Letter and The Book of Esther. But the most remarkable clue that he uses The Book of Esther as a frame of reference is the name of Hester, who is named for the biblical name of Queen Esther. In addition to that, these books have many common characteristics in major characters, theme, genre, and the structure. Esther and Hester are described as beautiful and the most attractive women in each work. Having secrets to keep, they both at first are in low social status, whose religious beliefs are different from those of their societies. To have their requests granted, the heroines are ready to defend their rights to the death. Arthur Dimmesdale finds a counterpart in Mordecai in the Bible, in that they are both religious leaders of the people. The Bible says Mordacai, the cousin of Esther, raised her because she was orphaned. But according to the Septuagint version of the story, Esther and Mordecai are said to have a secret sexual relation as in the relation of Dimmesdale and Hester. As a version of Satan, Roger Chillingworth finds a counterpart in Haman, who lived in the pursuit of revenge, ruining himself in the course of his revenge against Mordecai. The theme of the Book of Esther is to explain and justify the celebration of Purim festival, the symbol of redemption of the chosen people Israel; the theme of Dimmesdale`s sermon, the climax of this work, is to prophesy the high and glorious destiny of the newly gathered people of God. The Book of Esther is unique among the books of the Old Testament not to include the word God, which is strange in that the purpose of the Bible is to disclose the grace of God and redemption of Jesus Christ. Likewise, The Scarlet Letter does not have the word adultery and the scene of seduction, even though it deals with the woman committing adultery.

목 잘린 검사관의 넋두리 : Hawthorne 의 " The Custom - House " 에 나타난 풍자

한혜경(Hye Kyung Han)
미국소설학회|미국소설  6권 0호, 1999 pp. 161-181 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
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Nathaniel Hawthorne`s $quot;The Custom-House$quot; shows some experience in practical affairs and some interest in contemporary politics. 1fie objects against whom the narrator harbors grievances divide roughly into three parts: the Puritan ancestors, the customs officers, and the political enemies. Hawthorne has inherited a strong sense of guilt as a result of his earliest Puritan forefathers. The narrator does in fact say that he takes shame upon himself for his forefathers` deeds. Here he says that his own presence on the family tree as an $quot;idler$quot; will be, to his ancestors, sufficient retribution for their sins. The narrator`s character-sketch demonstrates his ability to write witty and biting satires. He is also disturbed at the poor quality of customs officers. He tells us, first of all, that they are nearly all old men. He certainly recognizes that the Inspector possesses nothing more than a few basic instincts. Just as the Inspector is unique for his animal spirits, so the Collector in his spiritual repose seems remote from the others. During the third year as Surveyor, the Whig candidate is elected to the Presidency. The narrator loses his position, according to the long-established custom of the spoiled system. Although he explains in much detail how very glad he is to be free of his boring work, there is a bit of the `sour grapes` attitude about the whole affair. He feels bitter about being fired from his post as Surveyor of the Salem Custom-House. $quot;The Custom-House$quot; does more than introduce thems to be developed in the romance that follows. In fact, the connection between the preface and the romance is a slight and artificial one, but essay is interesting and valuable in its own right. Partly because of its brightly satirical style , many of his contemporaries prefer $quot; The Custom-House$quot; to Scarlet Letter.
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