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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

미국소설검색

American Fiction Studies


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-5784
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 호손연구(~2002) → 호손과 미국소설 연구(2003~) → 미국소설(2007~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 7권 0호 (2000)

차연 (差延)의 시학 : The Scarlet Letter 에 나타난 " A " 의 불확정적 유희

구은혜(Eun Hye Koo)
미국소설학회|미국소설  7권 0호, 2000 pp. 5-27 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
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The propose of this paper is not to prapabe an additional interpretation of Hawdorne`s The Scarlet letter but to explain its poetics by the employment of Jacques Derrida`s did$quot;. Above all, Derrida`s diffe´rance is a new word which incorporates two significations : $quot;to differ$quot; and $quot;to differ.$quot; is so called the space-time continuum in die context of meaning, and emphasizes a temporary appearance and the absence of transcendental signified 1n this light, words are the deferred presences of the things they mean, and their ring is guided in difference. In The Scarlet Later, the letter A`s absolute reality is deferred in terms of Deirida`s diffe´rance. Narrative of the text itself is developed by die traces of the letter $quot;A$quot;. At first, the $quot;A$quot; is introduced as a symbol of shame, but following Hester`s transformation, the signified of the $quot;A$quot; multiply. The signifier $quot;A$quot; has many signified as traces, ranging from the negative $quot;adulteress$quot; to die mae positive $quot;art$quot;, $quot;able$quot;, $quot;adored$quot;, or, $quot;angel$quot;. The $quot;A$quot; apes an inexhaustible chain of substitutions (adulteress, anguish, angel, able, adored, autonomy, ambiguity, etc.). Thus die presence of determinate meaning is wader all the time, but exists only as a trace. These indeterminate signified of the letter $quot;A$quot; are the multiplicity of the voices that signify $quot;A$quot; for America. Finally die fiction ends with the tombstone`s heraldic legend, $quot;On a FIELD, SABLE, THE LETTER A, GULES,$quot; which is actually not an ending at all. The indeterminate letter $quot;A$quot; exists only in different interpretations of the endless signification process. So a reader`s to the teed is a result of Hawthorne`s postmodern perception of reality, producing an inevitable indefinite interpretation. That is, the letter A, which is by design indeterminate, introduces diffe´rance as a necessary part of a reader`s response.

전환기 미국 사회와 Hawthorne 의 시대 인식 - The House of the Seven Gables 를 중심으로

김용수(Young Soo Kim)
미국소설학회|미국소설  7권 0호, 2000 pp. 29-49 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
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The House of the Seen Gables, las second novel(or rather, roar) except Fanshawe, is the author`s first attempt to treat the issues of his contemporary age. As is well known, Hawthome was so worried about the reading public`s negative reactions to the darkness and seriousness of The Scarlet Letter that he was cautious to let his next nomance become attractive to readers, which resulted in the happy ending and the uses of real names of places and places to heighten its reality. But he seemed to feel uncomfortable about realistic devices because reds might find fault with their incongruities with historical facts and real persons. He therefore asks readers to read the sic not as a novel bid as a romance which allows authors creative imagination and fictional setting and characters. But modern readers cannot reed this work merely as a romance, because it shows the turbulence of American society in transition and his contemporaries who suffered firm the mental confusion caused by die rapid of values and strove to adapt themselves to a new milieu. America in the middle of the 19th century underwent a great transition from an agricultural to an industrial society, and its central axis moved from political and religious leaders to the nameless public. Aristocratic leader gradually lost their influences, and the plebeians came to from a new central power that represented American democracy and egalitarianism.

호손의 생태학적 글쓰기와 독자의 녹색 글읽기

박양근(Yang Keun Park)
미국소설학회|미국소설  7권 0호, 2000 pp. 51-76 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
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Environmental interpretation of literary works enables the writer and the reader to rethink about the relationships between nature and man, and the writer and the reader. In American history, culture-oriented settlement became most evident in the 19th century. At the same time, a countermovement of environmental consciousness brought about green writing and green reading. A large number of works with nature-setting and nature-theme had been written by the major and minor novelists. Among them, Hawthome, even though less well-known than Emerson or Thoreau, tried to put his apathy to commercialism and Puritanism in his romances which were based on mythic, aesthetic pastoralism. However, such a limited frame is Hawthorne`s unavoidable alternative in order to approach ecological consciousness of those times. Futhermore, his fictions portray how the ecosystem can be deprived of life by mechanic exploration of recycl8ing nature. The Scarlet Letter is Hawthome`s Alpha-work which describes an allegory of the conflict between the energy of the earth and the sexuality of the female character. Hester partially succeeds in modifying the destructive male-centered culture by submitting herself into the nature of New England landscape. In The House of the Seven Gables, the habitants of the Pyncheon House move to a rural cottage, which means that the four characters understand that nature is more vital to their rebirth than comfortable commercialism of the urban city. On the contrary, The Blithedale Romonce showe Hawthome`s pessirmistic vision of the possible coexistence between man and nature in the future. Hawthome was not a forerunner of America`s ecological literary tradition, but he showed a model of green writing by dealing with nature as metaphor for the reader to appreciate ecological novels.

The Scarlet Letter 에 대한 다양한 접근 방법

박영의(Young Ui Park)
미국소설학회|미국소설  7권 0호, 2000 pp. 77-95 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
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The objective of this paper is to introduce diverse approaches to the analytical study of The Scarlet Letter: anti-Christian lion, moral-Philosophical interpretation, psychological, interpretation romantic and femanistic interpretation, dialogic and deconstruction theory lion, formalistic interpretation including symbolism, irony and ambiguity, and the Lest is the reader-response interpretation, including reception theory and a comparative study with different cultural backgrounds and tradition such as Eastern philosophy and religion. Due to the limited space of the paper, the analyses of the text with these are rather brief. It is hoped that the examples of this study may serve a general guideline especially for the students of English literature. The guideline of the analyses of the text may be applied to the other texts of interest.

Hawthorne 시학의 위상

박익두(Ik Tu Park)
미국소설학회|미국소설  7권 0호, 2000 pp. 97-116 ( 총 20 pages)
6,000
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My attempt to define the presence and significance of Hawthorne`s poetics of multiplicity in the light of postmodern context presumes two perspectives of approach-synchrony and diachrony-after Saussure`s schemes of coexisting values inherent in the axis of simultaneities, and the diachronic way implies an effort to discover a dynamic force of continuity in the axis of successions. A synchronic approach to Hawthorne`s poetics shows a common denominator of the value of multiplicity shared in contemporary ethos. His poetics posits first of all the inscrutability of Reality, or "Indeterminacy." The assertion that there is nothing knowable or true in itself directs us to the contemporary, postmodern ethos that Reality is not an imitation but a creative process of invention. The indeterminate, invented forms of discourse inevitably lead to the multiple world of relativity, discontinuity, self-multiplication, and irony, corresponding to Hawthome`s multiple shadowings of Reality. A diachronic approach to Hawthome`s poetics presents a possibility of affirming his poetics of multiplicity as an aesthetic metamorphosis of historical ethos of American pluralism. The force of diversification in American consciousness, or "the Many asserting their primacy over the One," having originated in contradictory tendencies of American ethos, has effected dynamic driving influences on American cultural climate since the colonial times. Hawthome caught hold of this pluralism of contradictions as they are and persistently transformed the American ethos in his postmodem theory of Romance and its aesthetic practice in his works. It is, therefore, to be assumed that Hawthorne manifests himself as a present-day pluralist who has achieved a successful artistic transfiguration of American ethos of multiplicity.

Hawthorne 과 Updike 작품의 주제 연구

정은주(Eun Joo Cheong)
미국소설학회|미국소설  7권 0호, 2000 pp. 117-135 ( 총 19 pages)
5,900
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The connection between John Updike and Nathaniel Hawthorne is easily found in the themes of religion, adultery and guiltiness, especially in the foam of sexual desires and religious sensibilities. These two writers commonly deal with die conflict of the body and soul. Hawthome`s charactes are literally divided between public and private self; interior and exterior world, body and soul. But Updike endeavors to transform The Scarlet Letter by affirming material impulses, thus reconciling body and soul. Reverend Marshfield in A Month of Sundays, Rogue Lambert in Roger`s Version, Sarah in S are contemporary Dimmesdale, Chillingworth, Fin The Scarlet Letter. In appropriating Hawthorne`s stories, Updike is afforded the opportunity only to deal with same themes, issues, characters and plot, but also to revise Hawthorne, to recast his nineteenth-century romance in the garb of contemporary realism bent upon repairing the split between the body and soul. Though Updike lacks Hawthorne`s irony and symbols, he nevertheless shares with Hawthorne odes crucial concerns, themes, and conflicts: the anxiety and fear of moral damnation; the conflict between the body and soul, and the interrelationship bets sex and religion. Contrary to Ha, who upholds the dichotomy of sex and religious beliefs, Updike emphasizes that die body area soul and sex and religion, can be united io a harmonious relationship.
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This article is to examine the meaning of initiation of young men from father`s authority in $quot;My Kinsmen, Major Molineux$quot; and $quot;Roger Melvin`s Burial$quot; and to internet the ambivalent attitude toward New England history of Nathaniel Hawthorne these two stales. Hawthorne had a deep interest in New England past, deliberately studied it, and mired it for his writing. For Hawthorne the New England history was decisive in fostering the essential American attitudes, types and ideals. For him the past was the moral fountainhead; however his attitudes toward history is ambivalent. He was proud of the national ancestor`s achievements in making of America. Yet, he could not ague with the self-ed optimism of the contemporary historians. They applauded the outer pity of their country and dismissed the ugly realities of the past. Hawthorne tiled to disclose us what it actually had been in the past of the ancestors. In these two tales, Hawthorn presents dye individuals who start initiation with the beekrauds of import historical events in establishing America. He explored the subject of the Revolution in $quot;My Kinsman,$quot; and the matter of the frontier in $quot;Roger Malvin.$quot; In $quot;My Kinsman$quot; he connects the of ale of America and the Revolution. Here Hawthorne not only brings history to bear on Robin$quot;s act but through him comments the morality of history. This tale involves a colonial town`s insurrection against British rules on a political level. This event frames the moos crucial tale which depicts an adolescent`s rebellion against father/kinsman`s power thus the personal level converges with the historical/political level in the end. In $quot;Roger Malvin$quot;, an Indian-fighter begins by defending the frontier the savage test ends by carrying an a war against the belief of the surrogate father and finally with himself With $quot;Rogue` Malvin$quot;, Hawthorne presents us a patriotic story of ideologically acceptable heroes can only be constructed by rejecting some of factual evidence, by $quot;casting certain circumstances judiciously into the shade$quot;(18). The quest of die two young men is similar; both attempt to escape die authority of the eldens, but they cannot confront their reality as it is, which mould make themselves in commend of their destiny. These two tales with young initiates expose the other side of the past the official historians disregard deliberately. By a making connection between initiation and historical incidents, Hawthorne provides a clear sight into the essential ambiguities of both. He understand the forefathers` pius purpose, but he repudiates their riotous/shady behaviors. Sustaining the ambiguous of vices, he leans to assort the inherent reality of ambivalence in history and instability of society`s apparently firm structure. He indirectly Proclaims than the ultimate truth could be dangerous, and it could be only diversely and commparatively interpreted.

" Roger Malvin`s Burial " 에 나타난 Hawthorne 의 죄악관

천연희(Yeon Hee Cheon)
미국소설학회|미국소설  7권 0호, 2000 pp. 163-179 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
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Nathaniel Hawthorne was conscious of his Puritan heritage. He relates his Puritan heritage to his awareness of evil and vision of sin. Hawthorne`s view of Original sin seems to combine the religious concept with the historical sense of the past. In his fiction, Hawthorne demonstrates that the wrong-doing of one ion lives into the successive ayes. That is, in his fiction Hawthorne combines the religious concept of sin with a historical sense of the past. In his fiction Hawthorne also shows that sin is universal, every person thus partaking of his or tier shine of evil and depravity. That is, if Adam`s sin desk to succeeding generations, then all of is mankind is innately depraved and united in the community of sin Another important aspect of Hawthorne`s vision of sin is the concept of the fortunate fall. That is, the experience of suffering caged by sin leads an individual to acknowledge his or her sinful state, thus to humble, and fundamentally to restore a proper relationship with God and society. In $quot;Roger Malvin`s Burial$quot; Hawthorne demonstrates his vision of sin dramatically and figuratively. Reuben`s awareness of guilt, which wises in his interaction with Roger, comes from the psychological tension 1the ideal of malt fiietalship and his selfish desire fag pcererving lus own existse. The more his $quot;selfish feeling$quot; this mind a the ideal of selfless devotioc, the mae inteely he suffers firm his guilty cascienoe. And his ebaxx inextricably linked with a sase of guilt. His sychological isolati intensifies his sense of egoism. The flatness and simplicity in the characterization of Reuben`s wife have ironic cruel effects upon Reuben, giving him $quot;an imaginary accusation.$quot; Dorcas`s persence is always connected with die memory of the unburied Roger. Thus he confronts a paradoxical situation in that his desire f happiness and love intensifies their consciousness of past guilt. The intense awareness of guilt, which Reuben experiences but conceals from his wife results in the barrenness of their marriage. Reuben is tortured by his own solitude and misanthropic feeling in his marriage. Reuben`s accidental murder of Crus has been interpreted as a symbolic act of atom. For it is clear that Reuben experiences a strong release of conscience at the time of his son`s death. Reuben`s spiritual renewal at the end of the story is fundamentally the Christian concept of redemption through suffering. The possibility of redamentally and the sacrificial killing of a son characterize Hawthorn`s story as an example of Christian literature.

The Scarlet Letter 에 나타난 Symbolism 의 현대적 조명

최대해(Dae Hae Choi)
미국소설학회|미국소설  7권 0호, 2000 pp. 181-193 ( 총 13 pages)
5,300
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The purpose of this paper is to examine Hawthorne`s symbolism in The Scarlet Letter. Nathaniel Hate tells his truths in symbolism. The novel repeatedly claims some deep meaning and of its symbolism. The pupose of such method is obviously to introduce multiple possibilities and hence to keep meaning. Symbols an range from the most obvious substitution of one thing for another. In Hawthorne`s use of symbols in The Scarlet Letter, we observe the author mating one of his most distinctive and significa caotributiams to the growth of American fiction. The symbolism in this novel implies many thins. Among such symbols is the letter A itself. In its initial form, it is a red cloth letter which is a literal symbol of the sin of adultery. But Hawthorne maces the A it mode variously symbolic before the novel ends. The letter A appears in a variety of forms and places. The letter A begins to become the symbol of $quot;helpfulness$quot; to some people, zest Adultery, but Able, Affection, Angel, Alpha, Abel, Adam, America. In describing nature and persons in The Scarlet Letter, Author often uses $quot;light and shadow$quot;: the most prominent of these is contrast of light mid dark Night is used as a symbol for concealment, and day is a symbol for exposure. Dimmesdal`s mounting the scaffold and standing with I-les and Pearl at night will not suffice: he (mows that his symbolic acceptance of his guilt nest take place in the daylight. The colors that are employed in this literary work are diverse. All the colors in the novel ace associated with one of mere natural of moral values, positive a negative. The most frequent colors are rad, black, gray, green, scarlet, crimson, purple, ruddy. The colors ted in these types of images are associated with natural good, moral good and spiritual good, natural evil and moral evil. $quot;Red$quot; stand for $quot;sin, passion, adultery, and the deep heart of Nature` and $quot;Black$quot; symbolizes $quot;evil, sin$quot; and represents emotions such as $quot;sad, inauspicious, sorrow, unhappiness.$quot; The colors of $quot;green, yellow, brown$quot; the colors as often find in Nature, are also used for representing the betty of vivid Nadine. The scaffold scene is equally symbolical. Hawthorne plans this scene to insane the dramatic equality of minister`s revelation. The minister strands revealed by light of day. This final scene is completed by the presence of the missing sinner, his guilt, and the world, symbolized by die people around the scaffold. The forest is also symbolic in a variety of way. The symbolic meanings of the forest can be analyzed from different points of view. The moral law does not coincide with the natural law. From this viewpoint, the forest is depicted as a place where witches gather, and where souls are signed away to devil. The forest represents the $quot;heathen$quot; forest. It is however the four major characters that Hawthorn`s pours as symbolist are brought into fullest play. Each of his major s symbolizes a certain view of sin and its effects on the human heat. Modem people may say that this literary work is indeed the work of symbolic romance, as it begins with, and ends with symbols.

The Blithedale Romance 에서 작중인물로서 Coverdale 의 역할

한혜경(Hye Kyung Han)
미국소설학회|미국소설  7권 0호, 2000 pp. 195-217 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
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In The Blithedale Romance, the four main characters, including Miles Coverdale, set out for Blithedale Faun ostensibly on a mission of reform and dedication to a communal living. They journey to Blithedale in a snowstorm that veils the conventionalism of the world in which they have lived Coverdale as narrator tells the story twelve years after the event. He is also a character in the story, in fact the most intriguing and important one in the author`s interest. Coverdale`s character is a complex but consistent whole. He is a calm observer, but his cold detachment excludes trim &n a mere vital role. Coverdale is a man whose emotional deficiency isolates him from the mainstream of life. He represents the antithesis of brotherly love, for his relations with other people are directed not by sympathy, but by aloofness, selfishness, and curiosity. Coverdale imagines that his pact has been that of the chorus in a classic play, which seems to be set aloof from the possibility of personal connections. The chorus in a classic drama has a right to observe all the actions, but Coverdale does not. He. tries to pry into the secrets of other souls. Coverdale not only watches Zenobia constantly but inquisitively provokes her with impertinent and provocative questions about her relationships with Hollingsworth and Priscilla. The Blithedale Romance begins with a significant episode in which Coverdale displays a disinclination for the Bithedale project. The novel ends with a statement that fer Blithedale Ianceal Covefdalc he will be willing to die far a just cause if only that the effort does not involve an unreasonable amount of trouble. There has been real change in Coverdale. Perhaps he becomes even more selfish and self-indulgent twelve years after the Blithedale enterprise. After in all, Coverdale is surety one of Hawthorne`s most prodigious achievements.
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