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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

아랍어와 아랍문학검색

ARABIC LANGUAGE & LITERATURE


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 아랍어문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-0882
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 15권 1호 (2011)

레바논의 프랑스어 수용 양상 연구

윤용수 ( Yong Su Youn )
6,900
초록보기
The Imperial countries in 19th century tried to spread their culture and the languages into the overseas settlements to make strong their domination. France also carried out the same policy in Lebanon. They tried to diffuse their culture and language to change the Lebanese into the French by the assimilation. Although France`s occupation of Lebanon was a short period(1920-1943), the French language in Lebanon became the actually the official language even after the Lebanon`s independence in 1943. This situation was due to the Lebanon`s peculiar historical background that has the multi-cultural and languages characters and France`s language policy in Lebanon. I think that the language policy fulfilled by France in Lebanon played a great role to make the French language`s status in Lebanon. Therefore I tried to analysis the Lebanon`s adoption of the French language and the Lebanese`s recognition of the French language. The language contact between the Arabic the French language in Lebanon and the Lebanon`s adoption will provide the useful materials to research the various phenomenons when the heterogeneous languages meet. Also. It will be very useful to understand the Lebanon`s identity that has many difficulties to decide until now.

아랍어 품사의 유형론적 특징

정규영 ( Kyu Young Jung )
5,800
초록보기
The Arabic words can be classified into 3 Classes; Nominal classes, Verbal classes and Invariable classes. The main problem in classifying Arabic words is probably the division of the Noun and Adjective. There is a language where the division of the Noun and Adjective does not exist like Korean, while English is very clear in this division. Arabic belongs to a language group difficult to clearly divide the Noun and Adjective. Typologically speaking, Arabic belongs to a language group in which the Copula verb does not exist. In Arabic, the definite article clearly exists, while the indefinite article was never developed as in Korean. Arabic belongs to a prepositional language group including English and most European languages. Meanwhile, Korean is a typically postpositional language. Empty it has not developed fully in Arabic, and so the sentence of ``It rains`` can only be expressed ``The sky rains.`` in Arabic. In Arabic the reflexive phrase is realized by using special forms of derivative verbs for example, verb Ⅶ and verb Ⅹ because the reflexive pronouns were not fully developed in Arabic. In this study, I tried to avoid using the term ``part of speech`` because the term is not proper in two ways; first, it is too comprehensive and second, it is vague so may refer to words, phrases or even sentences. I saw tht It was rather proper to use another term; word classes and sentence.
6,700
초록보기
On the hypothesis that the Egyptian writer ``Ala`` al-Aswani`s ``Imarah Ya `` qubiyan (The Yacoubian Building. 2002) affected to some extent the Egyptian Revolution in January 2011, this research deals with several analogous problems of Egyptian society as posed in the novel and which may have instigated the Revolution. Among the Egyptian`s economic and societal problems, dictatorship presents itself as a persistent and chronic issue of the people. Similarly, the novel depicted a dictator described as ``Mr. Big Man``, who wields omnipotent power and controls the economy and leading sheikhs. As a result, important figures of society became accustomed to using illegal means to seek their own self interests and flattering Mr. Big Man to maintain their livelihoods. Meanwhile, the people of the lower classes in the novel -who are represented by the poor inhabitants living on the roof of the Yacoubian Building- are bitterly isolated from the Egyptian society. Confronted regularly with discrimination, they ponder endlessly about where to get the next loaf of bread. One such inhabitant is Taha al-Shadhili, a young man of the lower classes, who grew disillusioned with the unfairness and unjustness of society. Finding comfort in religion, he finally succumbs and joins an Islamic radical group. I find that the key problems posed in the novel almost coincide with the real problems of Egyptian society, which were the immediate causes of the January Revolution, including the former president`s Husni Mubarak`s prolonged dictatorship, evasive political corruption, brutality of police power, and pervasive economic difficulties for the citizens. This study validates my arguments that the novel inspired and to some extent provoked the Egyptian citizens to review their current wretchedness, to discover the causes of their economic problems, and to eventually promote the Revolution.
6,200
초록보기
This paper studies the Intertextuality between Arabic novels`『Bab `al-Safinah』and 『`Awlad Haratina』` and the Quran. These two notable Arabic novels were selected for their frequent quoting of verses from the Quran and reference to the people in the Quran. The former novel 『Door of the Ship』was written by Sa`ad al-Qirsh, and the latter『Our Neighborhood Kids』by Najib MaHfuz. This study applies intertextuality theory, one of the modern literature critical theories, through the adoption of research methodology. This paper studies the text of the Quran revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in 610 AD. Since then, the Quran has influenced all areas of the Arab and Islamic world and influence, especially in the novels of Arabic literature, notably Sa`ad al-Qirsh`s『Door of the ship (□□□□)』and Najib MaHfuz`s 『Our Neighborhood Kids』, both from Egypt. As a result, this researcher concluded that when Arab writers quote verses from the Quran in the modern Arabic novel, Quranic text is changed when expressing criticism, humor, sarcasm, and ridicule by using indirect periphrastic expressions, rather than quote the Quran directly, In contrast, writing through intertextuality between the Quran and Arabic literarature that gives enjoyment to the Islamic reader·receiver who lives with the Quran in daily life is found in the style of the writer.
초록보기
The image of the city became the main theme, and started to play an important rhetoric role in poetic works during the Second World War period in the modern Egyptian poetry. As a result of the war, changes in the Arab world occurred not only in politics, economics, society and history, but also in literature. Korean literature has changed after the Second World War too, but, as much as I know, the city didn`t become the main theme in poetry, the main reason, as I think, is that Arabic poetry followed the steps of the modern western poetry, classic, romantic, realistic, and the free verse, while the modern Korean poetry kept his own view point from one side, and made a successful connection with literature from the whole world, from the other side. In his first anthology "City without heart" Hejazy he has two views of the city. The first was a rejection of the city, and a yearning to return to his village and be with the people there. The second was the development of a compromise with the city. The poet felt real love and through his growing acceptance, he managed to see the good side of the city alongside the bad. The city of Kim Kwang Kyu is wetness for what happened to Korea and Korean society back further more three or four decades, where, for example, pollution and death were everywhere sensed and reported, so his poems offer an impressive selfportrait of a society in which everyone is reduced. The dominant tone of his collection is not a sentimental regret for the past, but a dark satire of the dehumanizing results of those processes which the public authorities often term "modernization". The study will shed light on "City" and the methods employed in the technical literature of the writers. The study comparatively addressed the object lessons found in the meaning of the writers on one hand, while, on the other hand, looked at the main technical characteristics of the poets using analysis models of poetry. Hejazy was one of the first Arab poets talking about the city not only in one poem but in a whole collection, showing its ugly face, seeking for better life that can use the benefits of modernity without losing the great values that people already still have in the country side for example. It is one of the achievements of Kim Kwang Kyu`s poems that they have made many aware of the deeper roots of the frequently criticized attitudes of selfishness and compromise they seem at first sight to characterize the modern urban mentality. He explores in his poems topics that more often the subjects of novels and short stories than of lyric verse. Thus the conclusion of these poems for modern humanity is that it is within the present reality that another, dreamed-of reality of freedom and truth has to be constructed by choice and by struggle.
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