This paper studies the case markers of nouns in Arabic. Arabic Scholars divides words into three parts of speech instead of eight, namely nouns, verbs, and particles, because nouns, pronouns, adjectives, numbers are of the same distribution. The noun is the only part of speech that can have a case marker at the end of it, in the form of a vowel, weak consonant, or an omitted letter or word. The ordinary case markers can be expressed through a distinguishable surface structure, but some others require us to consider conditions surrounding them to understand their original meanings and functions.
Case markers play an important role in understanding the real meanings of a sentence. However, it is enough for elementary and intermediate Arabic learners to study basic information about the case marker.
This paper examines the implications of surface markers and explores ways to understand and explain the implications of these markers in the surface structure.
In this paper, I tried to study the changing forms of the case markers and examine what implications or meanings are in the fixed forms of the case markers.
In addition to the vowel shapes of nouns, the pattern of consonants and vowels are sometimes
If an unusual or fixed form is used in the surface structure, it should be understood by way of its position and the environment in which it is used in the sentence.
In the case of an omitted case marker, the given conditions and circumstances must be considered to understand its real implications.