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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

근대영미소설검색

British and American Fiction


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-3644
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 20권 1호 (2013)

「유순한 소년」: 역사적인 맥락에서 본 청교도 공동체의 변화

김이은 ( Yi Eun Kim )
6,600
초록보기
This paper attempts to explore Puritans and Puritan communities represented in “The Gentle Boy” in its actual historical context. Not only as a critic to the contemporary tendency of distorting Puritan forefathers, but also as a historical romancer, Hawthorne criticizes Puritans` sense of the elect and portrays a Puritan community as focusing on their ambivalent and dynamic characteristics distinguished in the context of community. Beginning with the lengthy historical introduction, Hawthorne draws our attention to the specific historical events, spiritual declension, rigorous exclusiveness and Quaker persecution, which are all interrelated and embodied in the second generation of Puritans. “The Gentle Boy” shows the Puritan`s unity in hating and persecuting the Quaker boy, Ilbrahim. Focusing on the interaction between the members and Ilbrahim, Hawthorne demonstrates the conflict, repression and possibility of change of the community. When the young, fragile and unprotected boy enters the Puritan community, the community members project their uncertainty of faith and fear to Ilbrahim. Through the community members` irrational persecution to Ilbrahim, Hawthorne illustrates that Puritans` calling as God`s chosen people, sense of the elect and their piety become nominal and weak coming to the second generation of Puritans. Through this analysis, Hawthorne reveals the complicated interconnection of spiritual declension and collective exclusiveness, and the change of Puritanism from religious doctrine to civil religion.

『흰 옷 입은 여인』에 나타난 (법적)정체성과 라캉적 주체

김일영 ( Il Yeong Kim )
6,400
초록보기
The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between law and (legal) identity in The Woman in White by Wilkie Collins in terms of Lacanian Symbolic as well as Lacanian subject because the identity in this novel is a social/legal construction, that is, Lacanian symbolic construction. Lacanian subject/identity is born only when the symbolic, “the realm of the law”, represents him. Consequently, Anne and Percival who could not inherit their fathers` names legally because of their illegitimacy could not be given any social/legal/Lacanian identity, thus represented as the symbolic “ghost” of Laura in case of Anne or “blank” in case of Percival. It is the same with Laura who, after being deprived of her social/legal identity by her husband, becomes a ghost figure like Anne. In short, the identity in this novel is determined by Lacanian symbolic/society/law, which implies that Laura`s lost identity can be restored only through legal procedure as well as (legal) documents. This is the reason that “narrative structure, plot, imagery, and theme are all driven by the mechanisms of the law”, and Walter`s mission of having Laura`s identity restored can be accomplished only when he gets an admission concerning Laura`s identity from Mr. Fairlie who, as the head of the family, is able to have the lie written on Anne`s tombstone “publically erased”.

『로드 짐』에서의 콘래드의 서사전략: 말로우,“우리 중의 한 사람”

박선화 ( Sun Hwa Park )
6,600
초록보기
This paper commences with the doubt about Marlow`s reliability in telling Jim`s story to the listener and reader in Joseph Conrad`s Lord Jim. Marlow describes Jim who in the first part of the novel abandons the Patna which is in a critical condition and carrying about 800 passengers; in the last part, he exerts himself to regain his fame in Patusan but he decides to accept his death for his own cause. Marlow tries to understand Jim using several minor narrators who support Marlow`s opinion and judgement. However, I argue how much the reader and listener can trust Marlow and minor narrators, and therefore we should distinguish the author and narrator from the implied author, who has sensibility that accounts for the narrative. With the suggestion that the structure of the novel has something to do with Marlow`s intention to control all the narratives, I disclose the concealed contradictions in the narratives. From chapter 1 to 3, the omniscient writer draws the reader`s attention to how insufficient Jim is to meet the needs as the first mate by showing his failures. From chapter 5 to 35, Marlow has authority over Jim by observing and intervening in Jim`s affairs and alludes to his weakness. From chapter 36 to 45, the privileged man appears as Marlow`s mouthpiece to represent the way of Jim`s death. Though Conrad uses the three different narrators, I suggest it is Marlow`s strategy to lead us to see the theme of ``the journey into the deep truth of human heart``. So, as a double of Conrad, Marlow just shows his concern of ``the state of a man`s soul` rather than the white man in a colonial milieu. It is likely to read Jim`s story as a production of Britain`s imperialism in that Marlow sends Jim to Patusan in order to occupy and construct a new colony after ousting other colonists. This is why Marlow calls Jim one of us. Using multiple voices, Conrad`s narrative strategy functions to blur the historically specific conditions that allow for the construction of a figure such as Jim. Through the voice of the implied author we should catch, Lord Jim can be read as the tale which is concerned with the relationship between colonizer and colonized.

닐 게이먼의 『스타더스트』와 빅토리안 판타지

성은애 ( Eun Ai Sung )
6,400
초록보기
This paper aims to investigate the meaning of the Mid-Victorian setting in Neil Gaiman`s Stardust. Gaiman sets the beginning of his story in the year of 1838 when Queen Victoria was still young, and, 18 years later, lets the hero Tristran start his journey into the Faerie in the year of 1856. Those 18 years are significant in the development of Victorian fairy tales, when the fairy tales are softened and institutionalized as ``children`s literature`` while many innovative writers started to reanimate the genre into ``literary fairy tales`` for adult readers. In Stardust, Niel Gaiman shows his deep-rooted interests in the Victorian fairy tales and in Charles Dickens, who by adopting basic structures and narrative techniques of fairy tales and mixing them with more realistic elements, developed them into unique form of fiction. With the Victorian literary fairy tales and the achievements of Dickens in mind, Gaiman makes the romantic quest of Tristran Thorn into the Faerie parallel with the typical Victorian fairy tale heroes` journey into the wonderland. He also tried to make it differ from its Victorian archetypes for its more eco-feministic, anti-racial, and anti-colonialistic view throughout its plot line and its major characters. What Gaiman does in Stardust is to recuperate the unique vitality of the Victorian literary fairy tales. He elevates the form of fairy tale from didactic stories just for children to more sophisticated form of prose fiction for adult readers, following in the wake of J. R. R. Tolkien who made fairy tale into a more serious artistic form.

『나의 안토니아』에 나타난 다양성의 공간인 서부: “미국인들”과 그들의 “아메리칸 드림”

손정희 ( Jeong Hee Sohn ) , 김여진 ( Yeo Jin Kim )
6,400
초록보기
This paper examines how the characters cope with the pioneering experience of im/migration to the West in Willa Cather`s My Antonia. Jim Burden, the narrator of the novel, has migrated from Virginia to Nebraska while Antonia Shimerda has immigrated from Bohemia to America. In Cather`s view, whether they are American or European in origin, Jim and Antonia are placed into a similar situation in which they have to face the state of being uprooted in the West as an im/migrant. Antonia stays and settles down in Nebraska all through the story, while Jim moves around several places all over America. Even though he achieves the status of a successful lawyer, Jim feels disoriented and uprooted, always missing Nebraska as his home. On the other hand, Antonia is projected as an ideal pioneer. Having struggled against all difficulties of prairie life, Antonia finally succeeds in leading an enriched life as a farmer, wife and mother. She is depicted as a symbol of a positive possibility that the West of America was projected as the site of the American Dream fulfilled. In addition to Antonia, Cather portrays other female characters, such as Francis Harling, Lena Lingard and Tiny Soderball, as self-sufficient, independent immigrant women who succeed in running a business of their own in the West. Unlike male writers, Cather reveals the neglected aspects of women`s history in the West by dramatizing the success story of these pioneering female characters who achieve the American Dream in the Western frontier.

조지 리파드의 『퀘이커 시티 또는, 수도원의 수도사들』에 나타난 사회적 정의

장경순 ( Kyong Soon Chang )
6,900
초록보기
The Quaker City or, the Monks of Monk Hall is a sensational best selling urban novel with tremendous popularity in the 19th century in America. The Quaker City, however, is more than a sensational popular novel and more than a simple “expose”. George Lippard shows a keen interest in the social criticism in this racy but bitterly satirical novel based on the true stories. This paper explores Lippard`s The Quaker City set in Philadelphia which has rapidly developed into a metropolitan city due to the development of capitalism, in terms of the ways Lippard reveals his social consciousness and shows the class conflicts in the text. Also, I will examine why Lippard employs the Gothic elements when he delineates the crimes and mystery of the text that is full of the narratives of seduction and rape. In particular, this study delves into the issues of the social justice Lippard deals with as an artist who is interested in the sociological problems as well as is beset with the way of making a better world.

빅토리아 시대 출판시장과 여성성의 구성: 엘런 우드의 『이스트 린』

장정희 ( Jung Hee Chang )
6,600
초록보기
This paper examines the relationship between Ellen wood`s strategy in the Victorian publishing market and her construction of femininity in Victorian society and culture focusing on East Lynne. Wood tried to establish her career in the Victorian publishing market by taking her authorial persona as the Victorian ideal woman. Despite her outward conventionality, her career ran counter to the ideal woman which she endorsed. In addition, she led her readers to see the dark side of contemporary women`s lives. In East Lynne the structural juxtaposition of the two main female characters, Isabel Vane and Barbara Hare, shows the cultural conflict which was originated from the contradictory discourses on women. It also leads the readers to reevaluate the conditions of women in the Victorian domestic and sociocultural space. Isabel has been replaced by Barbara, the moral guardian and the competent manager of Victorian middle class home. Wood presents Isabel as an object lesson of immoral behaviors to the readers. By using the intrusive and moralizing feminine narrator, Wood suggests the necessity of controlling passion and sexual desire for women. While the text endorses the Victorian age`s moral values and warns the readers of the dangerous passion, Wood also shows the gaps within contemporary ideologies on femininity, domesticity and maternity. In particular, she exposes that Isabel has been tyrannized within her own household by men or women. The narrator`s sympathetic response to Isabel`s sufferings and her maternal feelings also leads the readers to resist the fixed readings of the text. Although the text shows the dangerous woman as a concept to aim at the purification of the domestic space and whole nation, it leads to destabilize the readers` commitment to the middle class femininity of Victorian society. The polyphonic narrative structure and the mixture of sensationalism, melodrama and domestic fiction in East Lynne serves to expose the contradictions of the ideology of ideal femininity, even as Wood shows its re-establishing process.
6,100
초록보기
This paper aims to investigate the interrelation between American writer John Steinbeck`s Travels with Charley and the eighteenth century British writer Joseph Addison`s renowned journal The Spectator. Travels with Charley is a travelogue that depicts a road trip around the United States. About his motive of the travel, Steinbeck wrote that he was moved by a desire to see his country on a personal level since he made his living writing about it. He wrote of having many questions going into his journey, the main one being “What are Americans like today”? During traveling to find the answer of this question, Steinbeck read Addison`s The Spectator again which he used to read. Through reading, his creative recovery evolves before his point of illumination, beginning near the outset of the journey with The Spectator. Steinbeck acknowledges this debt early in Travels with Charley and seems to refer to it later as well in an epigrammatic aside about originality developing out of imitation. As he imitates Addison, he shares Addison`s roles as thinker, social critic, observer of humankind and American Spectator. Thus, these influences appear in observations of the workings of the mind, the use of fictional dialogue and overlying moral generalizations.

Mark Twain`s Last Global Lecture Tour: A Turning Point to Change His Orientalist Perspective

( In Shik Bang )
6,000
초록보기
In this paper, I read Mark Twain`s Following the Equator (1897) focusing on his transitional stance on imperialism. Although he is known as a strong anti-imperialist compared to other intellectuals and politicians of the period, it was not clear about exactly when he started criticizing Western imperialism. In regard to Twain`s stance against Western imperialism, I argue that his last global lecture tour (for the purpose of paying off his debts) changed his perspective, particularly after he observed the reality of the colonized in India. Clemens initially expected to be released from the complexities of modern American society and to return to an “innocent” human condition in the Third World. While he was traveling to the major cities of the British Empire such as Sidney, Bombay, Calcutta, and Cape Town, however, Clemens experienced the repercussions of imperialism that were molded by the imperial regimes and modern technologies. For example, migrating from one city to another for book readings or lectures let Mark Twain encounter diverse populations (from Western travelers who abuse native Indians, to a widowed Indian woman who is buried following an Indian tradition of sati). These varied experiences in colonial India, I argue, made him change his perspective on Western imperialism abroad. His strong criticism against the Philippine-American War and American intervention in China in the early twentieth century thus presents his changed perspective on Western imperialism.
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