In Tess of the D`Urbervilles Hardy aims at criticizing Victorian English society through Tess, who is doubly victimized by Alec`s sexual exploitation and Angel`s narrow middle-class sexual morality. The author`s-and the narrator`s as well-intention is, however, frequently challenged by some conflicting elements in the text. In Tess, Nature is a powerful antidote to oppressive society. The narrator suggests that Tess, recovering with the revitalizing force of Nature after the broken relationship with Alec, is pure, though unchaste by conventional Victorian standards, because her desire is acceptable from Nature`s viewpoint According to him, her sexual desire is justified by benevolent Nature which considers it natural in all living things. Her desiring body is the font of life whereas that of Angel, repressed by reason, drains his life force. However, Tess`s sexual desire, which is approved of by Nature and thus should be encouraged in the text, actually tends to be discouraged. She is disinclined to show sexual frankness and shies away from it As a result, It reinforces the impression that she is pure by conventional standards, which obviously collides with the author and narrator`s argument that she is pure in the eye of Nature. In Tess, nature is multiple-faceted, which further serves to undermine the author`s argument for Tess`s purity. Most of the time it is sympathetic and benevolent to human beings, especially towards Tess Nevertheless, from time to time, this position is denounced as being a pathetic fallacy and the narrator suggests that nature is neutral or even harsh towards humans. The author and narrator`s conflict is also found in the characterization of Tess, who is alternately conventional and radical She is independent and strong-willed, defying conventions, but weak and passive as well. In Tess, the prevailing values and, especially, sexual morality of the nineteenth century English society are criticized as inappropriate for modern society because they are based upon middle-class Christianity, which subjects the body to the mind and brings about the dichotomous disintegration Tess defies the disintegration and tries to integrate the mind into the body, which is to be understood as an effort to create new values. It shows that, despite the acute conflict found in the text, Hardy continued searching for alternative values for modern society.