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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics (Journal of PAAL )검색


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 반년간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1345-8353
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 16권 2호 (2012)
초록보기
This study aims to introduce the distance learning class model for a foreign language in university-level education context, and to prove that this class model is effective in cultivating the motivation and interest of university students for learning a foreign language. This distance learning lesson consists of two parts: Online chatting session, BBS session. The data for this research were collected from the university students who participated in this program during the spring semester, 2012. The participants of this program are the university students who learn English as a Foreign Language in Korea and Japan. The results from the students`` responses through the questionnaire prove that this distance learning class is very effective in cultivating the learner``s motivation and interest for learning a foreign language and understanding the cultural differences between two countries.
키워드보기
초록보기
This study examines the relationship between recasts and learners`` repair, taking into account 1) learners`` proficiency level and 2) timing of recasts. 543 recast episodes were detected from 17 beginning, 16 intermediate, and 17 advanced learners. While beginning learners were not able to repair if the intervening words between the learners`` error and the teacher``s recast exceeded two or more words, intermediate and advanced learners did not have the same problem. This suggests that more proficient learners were able to spare their attention to different aspects of linguistic information available from recasts. Interestingly, however, intermediate learners`` overall repair production was the highest and advanced learners`` repair rate decreased to the same level as beginning learners``. This ``horseshoe pattern`` posits a possible explanation of how fossilization occurs in second language acquisition.

A Study of Korean EFL Learners` WTC and Motivation

( Yac Hao Liu ) , ( Hye Sook Park )
6,400
초록보기
The major purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among Willingness to Communicate (WTC), motivation and English proficiency within a population of Korean college students learning English as a foreign language (EFL). Based on previous studies, questionnaires were used to collect data. Two hundred one Korean college students of different majors participated in the study. They were asked to fill out the questionnaires related to WTC and motivation, English proficiency, perceived speaking ability. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis and Pearson correlation were conducted to investigate the relations between WTC and motivation of Korean college students. Factor analysis indicated that there are ten motivation components that affected Korean EFL learners`` English learning, of which instrumentality prevention, motivated behavior, ought-to self and family influence were top four types. WTC had a close correlation with motivation, English proficiency and perceived speaking ability. At the same time, WTC was correlated with sub-components of motivation. Based on the findings, some suggestions for enhancing Korean EFL learners`` English proficiency were given as well.
초록보기
In recent years, genre studies have attracted the attention of many researchers. The aim of the present study was to observe the differences in generic structure of doctoral dissertation acknowledgements texts written by English native and non-native (Chinese) PhD students. To this end, thirty native English students`` acknowledgement texts and the same number of non-native (Chinese) dissertations acknowledgement texts were selected. The model that was used in this study was Hyland (2003) model. After analyzing each text, the main moves and their steps were extracted and the frequencies of each one were calculated and compared. The results showed that there were some differences but these differences were not statistically significant. In addition, a new step called ````thanking God```` step was discovered in both texts throughout this study.

Reflection on the Use of Blended Learning at a Korean University

( Katie Mae Klemsen ) , ( Myeong Hee Seong )
5,900
초록보기
The purpose of this study was to examine students`` satisfaction and investigate the potential of improved learning outcomes in smart and blended learning environments. This paper reflects on the experience of the delivery of a program at H University in Seoul, Korea using smart and blended learning. The goal was to apply the findings to current blended learning models in order to explore possible modifications that may enhance learning environments for Korean university students. The participants were 19 students enrolled in an English Language major course, Speaking 2: Presentation, which aimed to teach students to deliver oral presentations in English. Data was collected from student questionnaires, the smart/blended learning platform English 360, and an instructor reflection journal in order to address the following research questions: 1) What are the students`` perceptions of smart/blended learning environments?; 2) What are the benefits of smart/blended learning environments?; and 3) What are the drawbacks of smart/blended learning environments? The analysis of the data indicated that the overall student perception of smart and blended learning environments is positive. In addition, students`` perception of the course content influenced their interest in smart and blended learning environments. One of the primary findings was the importance of clear and transparent communication and organization of a smart and blended learning environment. Students indicated that they would be interested in additional courses that utilized smart/blended environments.
5,300
초록보기
This study taking a brief look at ELT in China reflects on thepresentation of culture in the English textbooks adopted in Chinese high school level. The categorization by Ramirez and Hall (1990) shaped the basis of the analysis of the textbooks. The main objective of the inquiry was to examine the quality of representation of source, target and other cultures in the ELT textbooks and to investigate the way major and subclasses of cultural elements are treated in the textbooks. Following data collection and analysis, the results of the study pointed out that the Chinese ELT textbooks in high school level represented target culture (C2) more than source culture (C1) and other cultures. Further, among five major cultural elements, the most emphasis was given to the category of religion, arts, and humanities under which came subcategories including literature, arts, music, etc. Accordingly, the coverage of culture in Chinese English textbooks in high school level was characterized to be of an imbalanced status. Put it another way, there were some areas of culture, like personal, which were underrepresented throughout the textbooks. Therefore, relying on the findings of this survey, although some culture dimensions emerged adequate, the present status of culture representation in Chinese ELT textbooks in high school level suffers from its unfair behavior with all culture dimensions, overemphasizing some and poorly characterizing some other; consequently, it is unable to cater for students`` deepening and enriching their knowledge of culture in all respects.
6,100
초록보기
This paper aims to analyze the relationships between English writing and domain-specific motivation and self-efficacy of Chinese EFL learners. 66 English major students from two grades were invited as participants to complete a writing task and two self-designed questionnaires on English writing motivation and self-efficacy, respectively. It was found that the students were largely not self-efficacious with respect to English writing although they had a relatively high motivation for English writing. The results of correlation analyses indicated that English writing motivation, self-efficacy and English writing proficiency positively and significantly correlated with each other for English major freshmen, but not for sophomores. Moreover, the two groups of students differed significantly in terms of English writing proficiency, English writing self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation. These results are partially consistent with those of the previous research and have important implications for the teaching of English writing in EFL countries.
6,200
초록보기
Program and /or course evaluation is a process in which different types of data are collected systematically in order to study the virtues and weaknesses of a language instruction program. Program evaluation is, in fact, one of the essential aspects of any curriculum. It is a kind of quality control in which various aspects of an instructional program or course are explored. Program evaluation is an attempt in which different elements of a given curriculum are scrutinized in depth. To this end, an evaluator makes every effort to collect information from different sources such as students, teachers, administrators, course designers, program staff, and so on. Also, the evaluator tries to gather data through different instruments such as field notes, questionnaires, interviews, observations, and course documentations. Collecting hybrid type of information helps increase validity and reliability of the study. The main concern of program evaluation is to ensure that acquisition is taking place, teaching techniques and strategies are useful, materials are relevant and interesting, resources are available and adequate. Finally, the end product of an evaluation endeavor is the improvement and modification of a course of study. This article tries to elaborate on the preliminary aspects of program evaluation.
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