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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics (Journal of PAAL )검색


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 반년간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1345-8353
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 17권 1호 (2013)
6,700
초록보기
This study investigated the effect of language immersion in an Englishspeaking environment on the production of intonational features in L2 English sentences. It was hypothesized that the Korean group who had been immersed in the English language as children would have intonation patterns more similar to native English speakers than a nonimmersed group of Korean speakers, who shared otherwise similar experience and proficiency with English. Sixty subjects in three groups - 20 Korean adults in the immersed group, 20 Korean adults in the nonimmersed group, and 20 native English speakers (as a control group) - took part in the experiment. The immersed group was more native-like by having a steeper F0 declination tilt (a wider F0 range and a fast speech rate). However, the immersed group, like non-immersed group, exhibited difficulty in resetting F0 between adjacent phrases at boundary. These results suggest that the acquisition of second language (L2) intonation is affected by early immersion in an L2 environment, but the degree of intonational acquisition was shown to vary by subareas, in which some F0-related cues proved to be hard to acquire.
초록보기
There have been many studies on the acquisition of English unaccusative verbs which make use of learner corpora. Most of these studies have so far concluded that even advanced learners of English ungrammatically passivize unaccusative verbs and produce sentences such as *The accident was happened and *The mobile phone was appeared. These ungrammatical passives thus produced are referred to as ``passive unaccusatives`` by many researchers. Oshita (2000) is probably the first to analyze examples of these ungrammatical unaccusative passives in a written learner corpus. He used data from Japanese learners consisting of 1,363 essays from the Longman Learners Corpus (LLC). However, in order to gain a more thorough understanding of Japanese learners of English, a corpus of 6,161 essays written by Japanese learners of English is used in this study. The findings in this study are that (1) Japanese learners of English do in fact produce ungrammatical unaccusative passive uses of appear, happen, and occur in writing; (2) they tend to use appear, happen, and occur with adverbials; and (3) while they sometimes use happen and occur as causative verbs, they do not use appear in this way.
5,700
키워드보기
초록보기
This study examined demotivational factors among Iranian and Japanese college teachers of English. To achieve the purpose, the study used a 35- item questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. The results were compared with the similar study in Japan by Sugino (2010). The findings of the study revealed that Iranian and Japanese lecturers are much similar regarding motivation and demotivation in their teaching. However, there is difference with respect to the top items causing demotivation. For Iranian teachers, the most demotivating items were ``No consistency in curriculum with clear goals``, ``No bonus, ``Little appreciation from the administration``, ``Employment system is unstable``, ``When students are not interested in studying``, and ``Lack of research fund``. Whereas, the top demotivating items for Japanese college teachers were: students using cell-phones in classes, students sleeping in class, students taking rebellious attitudes, long meeting hours, much paperwork, and ``fixed teaching method. Implications for curriculum development, working conditions, and educational authorities will be discussed.
6,100
초록보기
This paper investigates how boosters are used by qualitative and quantitative research article writers to express certainty. Boosters are words such as definitely, sure, demonstrate which signal writers`` assurance in what they say. Drawing on a corpus of 200 research articles in Applied Linguistics, this study compares the use of boosting words in the Discussion sections of qualitative and quantitative research articles in Applied Linguistics. The focus is on the frequency, main functions and form of boosters in these two sets of articles.

The Application of Corpora in Teaching Grammar: The Case of English Relative Clause

( Rahman Sahragard, Ali Kushk ) , ( Ehsan Ansaripour )
5,500
초록보기
The study was conducted to see if the provision of implementing corpora on English relative clauses would prove useful for Iranian EFL learners or not. Two writing classes were held for the participants of intermediate level. A record of 15 writing samples produced by each participant was kept in the form of a portfolio. Participants`` portfolios in both the experimental and the control groups were analyzed to spot patterned errors. Having diagnosed the errors, both groups were instructed on the use of English relative clauses. The participants in the experimental group were instructed using the corpora as printed materials. The control group, however, were instructed using explicit definition, discussion and exemplification. Then, both group participants`` portfolios were returned and they were asked to self correct their misapplied relative clauses. Interestingly, both groups had improved significantly. Two Chi-square tests on the use of that and which were run before and after classroom procedures on both groups. The first one suggested similar performance for the two groups but the second one favored the experimental group. The study suggests that applying corpora is an effective way to make students aware of their errors which ultimately leads them to self correction.
6,000
초록보기
After a brief discussion of the importance of publishing in academic journals, this paper provides an overview of studies on writing for publication of NNES (non-native English speaking) writers. Based on the related literature, different language problems facing NNES contributors, from the perspective of both NNES writers and journal editors, as well as strategies used to cope with challenges in writing for publication will be discussed.
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